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1. asia evolution 28apr2014_pb

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1. asia evolution 28apr2014_pb

  1. 1. Sak I Chayaditt Hutanuwatra Nay Pyi Taw Myanmar 28 April 2014
  2. 2. •  The Dong Son culture (literally "East Mountain culture“) was a Bronze age culture in ancient Vietnam centered at the Red River Valley of Northern Vietnam •  The Dong Son drum are one of the culture's finest examples of metalworking. More than 200 have been found, across an area from eastern Indonesia to Vietnam & parts of Southern China. •  Its influence flourished to other parts of Southeast Asia , including the Maritime Southeast Asia. 3,000Y Dong Son Drum
  3. 3. World Population | 7,162,119,000 BILLION 7
  4. 4. Asia 4,299 million 60% Africa 1,111 million 15% America 972 million 14% Oceania 38 million 1% Europe 742 million 10% World Population
  5. 5. ASIA… Cradle of Civilization
  6. 6. Indus Civilization 4,500Y 3,700YHwang Ho Civilization Harappa - Mohenjo-Daro •  Civilization are the one of the world's earliest major urban settlements. •  Mohenjo-daro was the most advanced city of its time, with remarkably sophisticated civil engineering & urban planning Bronze Age •  Chinese bronze casting and pottery advanced during the Shang dynasty. •  The workmanship on the bronzes attests to a high level of civilization. •  The Anyang site has yielded the earliest known body of Chinese writing, mostly divinations inscribed on oracle bones.
  7. 7. The Silk, The Chinese character and The print •  The history of silk began in the 27th century BCE. •  Its use was confined to China until the Silk Road opened at some point during the later half of the first millennium BCE •  Silk production first made its way to the West in the A.D. 6th century when monks worked as spies for Byzantine Emperor Justinian brought silkworm eggs from China to Constantinople in hollowed out canes. http://factsanddetails.com/china/cat9/sub63/item342.html#chapter-3 Chinese characters | 1766 BCE Sample of an Oracle shell with inscriptions of the earliest Chinese characters Wood block printing | 400 CE Sample of a wood block printing in China 4,500Y 3,780Y 1,614Y
  8. 8. The Great Wall •  The wall was built between 220– 206 BC by China first Emperor, Qin Shi Huang. •  Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall are from the Ming Dynasty. •  The Great wall stretches approximately 8,851.8 kilometers from East to West China. 2,500Y
  9. 9. •  The Ajanta Caves are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE •  The caves form the largest corpus of early Indian wall- painting. 2,300Y Ajanta Caves
  10. 10. Nalanda University •  The first great university in recorded history, founded in the 5th Century A.D. •  the first Residential International University of the World. •  Nalanda is known as the ancient seat of learning. 2,000 Teachers and 10,000 Students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied at Nalanda. Noted •  Bologna University 926Y •  Paris University 864Y •  Oxford University 817Y 1,500Y
  11. 11. NOTHING FOREVER
  12. 12. COLONIAL AGE
  13. 13. The Age of Discovery Vasco da Gama Ferdinand Magellan •  The Age of Discovery is a historical period of European global exploration that started in the early 15th century . •  A Portuguese expedition commanded by Vasco da Gama reached India by sailing around Africa, opening up direct trade with Asia. Soon, the Portuguese sailed further eastward, to the valuable spice islands in 1512, landing in China one year later. Portuguese 596 Y Spain 522 Y United Kingdom (British East India company) 414 Y Dutch (Dutch East India Company) 412 Y France (French East India Company) 370 Y 596Y
  14. 14. Colonization Colony Mother Country Year Period India Portuguese British 512Y 257Y 446Y Singapore Portuguese British 503Y 197Y 454Y Malaysia (Malacca) Portuguese British 503Y 140Y 447Y Indonesia Dutch 369Y 301Y Myanmar British 188Y 122Y Cambodia France 151Y 92Y Vietnam France 130Y 71Y Lao France 121Y 61Y
  15. 15. Technologies Natural Resources Demolished Culture Mono agriculture langue língua taal Sprachelanguagelangu uage langua language languagelanguag languag Languages Town & Country Planning
  16. 16. WORLD WAR
  17. 17. THE WORLD WAR I Allies | 42 countries led by British, France and Russia Central Powers | 8 countries led by Germany and Austria-Hungary 50 Countries Participated in WWI Around 16 million people died in the war 100Y
  18. 18. THE WORLD WAR II Allies | 51 countries led by Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States Axis | 10 countries led by Germany, Italy and Japan 61 Countries Participated in WWI Around 60-80 million people died in the war 21 years from WWI 79Y
  19. 19. Eastern bloc area, the Soviet Union had expansion to the east of Europe and separate German to east and west. 66Y International Court of Justice (ICJ) 68Y Established United Nation 69Y Start to the end of colonial age in South East Asia 69Y – 57Y Post-World War II Marshall Plan (European Recovery Program) 67Y
  20. 20. The Independence of Colonies 69Y Indonesia The country is the largest economy in Southeast Asia 68Y Philippines HSBC also projects Philippine economy to become the 16th largest economy in the world,. 67Y India The nation’s leading information technology (IT) exporter. 51Y Singapore The country is economic center in Southeast Asia. 66Y Myanmar The land of opportunity in Southeast Asia. 57Y Malaysia Since independence, Malaysia has had one of the best economic records in Asia, with GDP growing an average 6.5% for almost 50 years. 60Y Vietnam The land promoted to be production base for manufacturer. 61Y Laos The country promotes to be renewable energy sources in Asia. 60Y Cambodia The country has very low wage of labor. 51-69Y
  21. 21. The Rise of Two Superpowers Communism & SocialismDemocracy & Capitalism COLD WAR
  22. 22. Dissolution of the Soviet Union 29Y Separating to 15 countries End of Berlin wall 24Y On 9 November 1989, all GDR citizens visited West Germany and West Berlin. Post Cold War End of cold war 29Y Mikhail Gorbachev as leader of the Soviet Union promoted liberalization of the political landscape and capitalist elements into the economy. China was accession to WTO. 13Y Socialism is going to reconsidered. Capitalism economics war in present
  23. 23. ASIA EVOLUTION
  24. 24. ASIA  POPULATION   The change of power to the EAST
  25. 25. ECONOMIC
  26. 26. The region’s GDP will account over 40% of world total by 2017 40% 3%
  27. 27. China Europe USA 29% 23% 7% 0%
  28. 28. 19,271,808 16,240,476 10,328,884 9,942,711 5,649,269 4,557,738 4,145,194 3,342,617 3,001,974 2,483,043 2,463,732 2,231,737 CHINA EUROPEAN UNION UNITED STATES JAPAN GERMANY SOUTH KOREA INDIA BRAZIL MEXICO THAILAND CANADA RUSSIA Cars produced in Asia 42MILLION
  29. 29. AFTA FTA WTO TRADE BARRIER
  30. 30. Target Markets HIGH   MEDIUM   LOW   HIGH   MEDIUM   LOW   HIGH   MEDIUM   LOW  
  31. 31. Business Evolution Business Movie Theater Gas Station Retail Business Coffee shop & Restaurant Residential
  32. 32. (Reuters) - China's manufacturing engine contracted in the first quarter of 2014, a preliminary private survey showed on Monday, raising market expectations of government stimulus to arrest a loss of momentum in the world's second-largest economy this year. The weaker-than- expected survey knocked the country's main share index and other Asian 24 Mar 2014 NEW WORRIES on China Growth China owned $1.268 trillion in U.S. debt http://useconomy.about.com/od/worldeconomy/p/What-Is-the-US-Debt-to-China.htm?r=et
  33. 33. of the world’s land surface and consume Cities cover of its resources 2% 75%
  34. 34. in a mere blink on the timescale of human evolution industrial society has been depleting & impairing Earth’s ‘supply system’, at a phenomenal rate’ (Irvine & Pontin) If all countries use resources like the average of north American The world no longer sustains itself Overuse of Natural Resources We would need 4 Planets
  35. 35. So c i a l W o r l d view Eco n o m i c E c o l o g ical 3.PersonalEmpowerment 1.BuildingCommunityand tion&ConflictResolution Global Outreach andLeadership 2.Communication,Facilita- 5.Local,Bioregionaland EmbracingDiversity Creativity&Art 4.CelebratingLife: 2.CommunityBanks 1. Shifting the GlobalEco- 4.LocalEconomies 3.RightLivelihood 5.Legal&FinancialIssues nomytowardsSustainability andCurrencies toEcologicalDesign Water 1. Green Building 3.AppropriateTechnology: Energy 4.AppropriateTechnology: andRetrofitting 5WholeSystemApproach 2.LocalFood mationofConsciousness 2.ListeningtoandRe- Spirituality 4.PersonalHealth 1.HolisticWorldview 3.Awakening&Transfor- andPlanetaryHealth 5. SociallyEngaged connectingwithNature Eco – Economic •  Community economy •  Community markets •  Community bank •  Local economies •  Low cost living •  Right Livelihood
  36. 36. ENERGY
  37. 37. Peak Oil- Have We Reached? The world is consuming over 30 billion barrels a year and replacing only a fraction of this with new discoveries. James W. Buckee, President and CEO of Talisman Energy Inc.
  38. 38. +122% +123% +116% +75%
  39. 39. +100% fuel average growth in AEC
  40. 40. 22% only is renewable energy Energy Share of Global Electricity Production 2012
  41. 41. 5.2% and only is non-hydro powered Energy Share of Global Electricity Production 2012
  42. 42. Global renewable electricity production by region Europe, America and China are the largest renewable energy producers 22% 30%
  43. 43. So c i a l W o r l d view Eco n o m i c E c o l o g ical 3.PersonalEmpowerment 1.BuildingCommunityand tion&ConflictResolution Global Outreach andLeadership 2.Communication,Facilita- 5.Local,Bioregionaland EmbracingDiversity Creativity&Art 4.CelebratingLife: 2.CommunityBanks 1. Shifting the GlobalEco- 4.LocalEconomies 3.RightLivelihood 5.Legal&FinancialIssues nomytowardsSustainability andCurrencies toEcologicalDesign Water 1. Green Building 3.AppropriateTechnology: Energy 4.AppropriateTechnology: andRetrofitting 5WholeSystemApproach 2.LocalFood mationofConsciousness 2.ListeningtoandRe- Spirituality 4.PersonalHealth 1.HolisticWorldview 3.Awakening&Transfor- andPlanetaryHealth 5. SociallyEngaged connectingwithNature Eco – Energy •  Sustainable transportation •  Low carbon housing •  Carbon foot-printing •  Renewable energy •  Solar •  Wind •  Hydro •  Bio mass •  Bio gas •  Commuting •  Smaller car •  EV •  Bicycles
  44. 44. FOOD SAFETY FOOD SECURITY
  45. 45. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2013 Asia Population 4,298,723,000 1,395,749,000 Population grows within 63Y 208%
  46. 46. Palm Rubber wood Eucalyptus Acacia mangium INDUSTRIAL CORP ENERGY CORP
  47. 47. Bean Corn Pineapple Coffee Tea MONOCULTURE
  48. 48. CHEMICAL AGRICULTURE
  49. 49. AGROFOREST INTEGRATED FARMING
  50. 50. Functions of the river basin WATER IS EVERY THING
  51. 51. Water and Land Integrated Management
  52. 52. So c i a l W o r l d view Eco n o m i c E c o l o g ical 3.PersonalEmpowerment 1.BuildingCommunityand tion&ConflictResolution Global Outreach andLeadership 2.Communication,Facilita- 5.Local,Bioregionaland EmbracingDiversity Creativity&Art 4.CelebratingLife: 2.CommunityBanks 1. Shifting the GlobalEco- 4.LocalEconomies 3.RightLivelihood 5.Legal&FinancialIssues nomytowardsSustainability andCurrencies toEcologicalDesign Water 1. Green Building 3.AppropriateTechnology: Energy 4.AppropriateTechnology: andRetrofitting 5WholeSystemApproach 2.LocalFood mationofConsciousness 2.ListeningtoandRe- Spirituality 4.PersonalHealth 1.HolisticWorldview 3.Awakening&Transfor- andPlanetaryHealth 5. SociallyEngaged connectingwithNature Food safety & security •  Organic food •  Local food •  Appropriate technology •  Water management
  53. 53. TOURISM
  54. 54. Global Tourism Towards 2020 International Tourist Arrivals Source: World Tourism Organization Global International Tourism 1990 2000 2010 2020 940M 400M 674M 2013 1,087M 1,400M 1,000,000,000
  55. 55. Asia Pacific Towards 2020 International tourist arrivals Source: Prof Haiyan Song et al. North America Europe Asia Global & Asia Pacific Tourism Trend 400M 1990 2013 20202000 2010 50M 90M 188M 272M
  56. 56. NIGHTLIFE
  57. 57. So c i a l W o r l d view Eco n o m i c E c o l o g ical 3.PersonalEmpowerment 1.BuildingCommunityand tion&ConflictResolution Global Outreach andLeadership 2.Communication,Facilita- 5.Local,Bioregionaland EmbracingDiversity Creativity&Art 4.CelebratingLife: 2.CommunityBanks 1. Shifting the GlobalEco- 4.LocalEconomies 3.RightLivelihood 5.Legal&FinancialIssues nomytowardsSustainability andCurrencies toEcologicalDesign Water 1. Green Building 3.AppropriateTechnology: Energy 4.AppropriateTechnology: andRetrofitting 5WholeSystemApproach 2.LocalFood mationofConsciousness 2.ListeningtoandRe- Spirituality 4.PersonalHealth 1.HolisticWorldview 3.Awakening&Transfor- andPlanetaryHealth 5. SociallyEngaged connectingwithNature Eco – Tourism §  20%-30% of travellers aware of needs & values of sustainable tourism §  10%-20% look for ‘Green’ options §  5%-10% demand ‘green’ holidays §  65% of German travellers expect environmental quality §  42% think that “it is particularly important to find environmentally- friendly accommodation”
  58. 58. SOCIAL MEDIA
  59. 59. UNCONTROLLABLE COMMUNICATION
  60. 60. UNCONTROLLABLE COMMUNICATION
  61. 61. REPUBLIC Nowadays over 1,184,000,000 people around the world 351,000,000 in Asia the 3rd largest in the world
  62. 62. 60% guy couples meet online 20% of couples meet online 20%divorces are blamed on
  63. 63. NATURAL DISASTER
  64. 64. 46% 19% 23% 7% 5% WORLD CO2 EMISSIION Power Generation Other Residential Service Transportation Industry
  65. 65. World Population and Total Carbon Emissions 7,000,000,000… 400PPM
  66. 66. Average Highest Temperature 38 53
  67. 67. Natural Hazard Events 30 430
  68. 68. Vehicles ready for shipping being carried by a tsunami tidal wave at Hitachinaka city Photo credit | AFP/Getty Images and LIFE.com
  69. 69. The world's costliest disaster as of 2011* 1. Earthquake and tsunami in Japan 2011 2. Earthquake in Kobe, Japan1995 3. Hurricane Katrina in USA 2005 4. Floods in Thailand 2011 *World Bank’s Estimation
  70. 70. EDUCATION
  71. 71. Indonesia, 15% USA, 12.7% UK, 13.3% Vietnam, 20.9% Japan, 9.7% India, 10.4% France, 10.4% German, 10.6% China, 18.2% Australia, 14.3% Cambodia, 13.1% Canada, 12.2% Iran, 15.4% Lao, 13.2%Mexico, 19.4% Myanmar, 4.4% Singrapore,20.5%South Africa, 18.1% Venezuela, 20.7% Argentina, 15.3% Ghana, 33.1% Thailand, 10.4% Malaysia, 20.9% Mongolia, 12.2% New Zealand, 17.9% Pakistan, 9.9% Panama, 12.9% Non-Asian country with high-government spending on education (>15%) Asian country with high-government spending on education (>15%) Percentage of Government Spending on Education by Country Up to 20%
  72. 72. Leave urban to the city §  many countries in Asia can’t compare economic wealth to rural areas §  the graduate leaves home and family to the big city for work.
  73. 73. So c i a l W o r l d view Eco n o m i c E c o l o g ical 3.PersonalEmpowerment 1.BuildingCommunityand tion&ConflictResolution Global Outreach andLeadership 2.Communication,Facilita- 5.Local,Bioregionaland EmbracingDiversity Creativity&Art 4.CelebratingLife: 2.CommunityBanks 1. Shifting the GlobalEco- 4.LocalEconomies 3.RightLivelihood 5.Legal&FinancialIssues nomytowardsSustainability andCurrencies toEcologicalDesign Water 1. Green Building 3.AppropriateTechnology: Energy 4.AppropriateTechnology: andRetrofitting 5WholeSystemApproach 2.LocalFood mationofConsciousness 2.ListeningtoandRe- Spirituality 4.PersonalHealth 1.HolisticWorldview 3.Awakening&Transfor- andPlanetaryHealth 5. SociallyEngaged connectingwithNature Eco – Education §  Eco education §  Sustainable education
  74. 74. HEALTHCARE
  75. 75. Asia becomes… world class medical hub
  76. 76. Fast Food McDonald’s aims to open in China 2,000
  77. 77. Commercial Medical
  78. 78. Cosmetic surgery Asia is number…1
  79. 79. Surprise!
  80. 80. Alternative Medication
  81. 81. CULTURAL AND SPIRITUAL
  82. 82. Born to Be Want to Be
  83. 83. Coffee Culture
  84. 84. Culture and Spiritual Family Smaller Family Smaller House Higher Income Urban Lifestyle Quality of Life
  85. 85. Asian Contemporary Culture Rice
  86. 86. POLITICS
  87. 87. Country Crisis
  88. 88. Why sustainability? Economic injustice: 20% of richest generates 82% of total world income. Richest 82.7% Second 11.7% Third 2.3% Fourth 1.9% Poorest 1.4% Champion-Glass Distribution Each horizontal band represents an equal fifth of the world’s people 20% 80%
  89. 89. Democracy Democrazy
  90. 90. Ukraine 2014
  91. 91. Self Management Cambodia 2014
  92. 92. Thailand 2014
  93. 93. Communist + Socialist Democracy + Capitalism Communist + Capitalism Democracy + Capital Socialist Or what??
  94. 94. AEC ERA
  95. 95. ASEAN Economic Community NO.5 AEC is to become no.5 in the world’s merchandise trade value amount of 2.4 trillion USD. •  EU 4.47 •  China 3.98 •  USA 3.85 •  Germany 2.73
  96. 96. AEC: the largest integrated single market in the world AEC | the new large integrated single market in the world
  97. 97. Emerging Asia GDP Growth in 2030 source : IMF, Standard Chartered Research China 9% India 2% Other Asia 10% US 24% EU 27% Japan 9% RoW 19% 2010 2030 21% 47%
  98. 98. Network Development GMS: Opportunities & Challenges; Asian Development Bank/Thailand 1992 2010 2020
  99. 99. HumanDisaster T SustainableDevelopment O NaturalDisaster T SustainableDevelopment O Scenario A “Do nothing” Eco-Econ §  Organic framing §  Community market §  Eco tourism §  People bank §  Green industry ECO-Conscious Intrinsic value of all being Eco-Culture §  Cultural resurgence §  Health §  Media literacy §  Sustainable education Eco-Infra §  Forest enrichment §  Water management §  Land enrichment §  Renewable energy §  Green infrastructure Post Modern Society Scenario B “Do something”
  100. 100. TOUGH DECISION
  101. 101. POLITICIANS GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL CONSULTANTS
  102. 102. INVESTOR MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS
  103. 103. International Consultants Local Consultants Geographic Language Culture Trust Transnational
  104. 104. The International Council of Management Consulting Institutes THE WORLD OF ICMCI Approximately 45,000 Members of ICMCI in 49 Countries Australia   Austria   Bangladesh   Bulgaria   Canada   China   USA  Ukraine    Brazil  Philippine   Ireland   Italy    Japan    Jordan   Malaysia   Netherland   Switzerland  Bosnia  &   Herzegovin a   Romania  Macedonia   Denmark   Finland   Germany   Greece   Hungary   India    UK  Cyprus    Korea    Hong  Kong   Nigeria   Norway   Iran   Singapore   S.  Africa   Sweden  CroaJa  New   Zealand   Thailand  Turkey    Lithuania  Latvia   Russian  Taiwan   Serbia   Uzbekistan   Czech   Republic   Kyrgyzstan   COMMON VOICE for global management consultants & setting GLOBAL STANDARD ICMCI was founded in 1987 “to promote a closer working relationship between all management consulting institutes” Founding members are USA, UK, Canada ICMCI is the biggest global network of management consultants
  105. 105. Eco Social Enterprise PROFIT PEOPLE PLANET Triple bottom line
  106. 106. “We can change the world and make it a better place. … It is in your hands to make a difference” Nelson Mandela

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