Writing an introduction


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Writing an introduction

  1. 1. Seminar Workshop: Writing an Introduction Carlo Magno, PhD De La Salle University, Manila
  2. 2. Objective • Follow guidelines in writing a short introduction of a topic in English • Write a one paragraph introduction of any topic in English following the guidelines presented Time Duration: 1 hour
  3. 3. What is an introduction • Opens the paper • Gives the reader an impression of your paper • Readers gets an overview of what your paper is all about
  4. 4. Phases in Writing • Planning • Execution (start writing) • Evaluating (checking ones work)
  5. 5. 1. Planning • Think about what you want to write • Be clear on the purpose of your paper: Inform, solve a problem, test a hypothesis, prove a notion, present arguments • State your purpose in a sentence • Make an outline of the parts of your paper
  6. 6. 2. Start writing • Write in a comfortable place and time where you can think better. • Get ideas by reading first. • You can think about several ideas to write if you have read enough information that you need.
  7. 7. Guidelines in writing the introduction • Be thematically explicit. It should contain a general overview of the whole paper. Introduce the themes that will run throughout the paper. Give the reader an idea of the big picture.
  8. 8. Guidelines in writing the introduction • Contain the problem you wish to discuss. This problem can be a gap in current knowledge, a puzzle, a contradiction, unaccountable or conflicting data, etc.
  9. 9. Guidelines in writing the introduction • Establish the cost to the reader of not solving this problem. In short, it should answer the question: So What? Typical costs could be misunderstanding, unpredictability, etc.
  10. 10. Guidelines in writing the introduction • The end of the introduction should outline your response or solution to this problem. This is called the "paper point."
  11. 11. Example As scientists have explored environmental threats, many of their concerns have proved exaggerated, such as the effect of acid rain and the imminence of the Greenhouse Effect. [context] But recently they have discovered a threat that is all too real: the ozone layer has been thinning, thereby allowing sunlight to reach the earth unfiltered.[problem] Unfiltered sunlight causes skin cancer, which will raise mortality rates and medical costs. [cost to reader] We can avoid these consequences only if we ban chemicals that degrade ozone. [solution]
  12. 12. Structuring the paragraph • 2 sections: • 1) An opening segment, called the Issue Position, that sets up the paper, section, or paragraph. • 2) The body, called the Discussion, that completes, develops, or discusses that opening segment.
  13. 13. Structuring the paragraph
  14. 14. 3. Evaluating and revising • Read your own work. • Reread after revising. • Ask somebody to comment/edit your work. • Revise according to comments.
  15. 15. Workshop • Select any topic that you want to write about • Write the introduction • The introduction must have a context, problem, cost, and solution. • Be clear on your point and discussion • You will be asked to read your work in front