Chong Boon Secondary
Sec 1 Geography Unit 3
Impact of Deforestation
1.What are the
environmental impacts of
2.What are the economic
impacts of deforestation?
“The rainforests are the lungs
of the earth”
• What do you think the
• What will happen to you
if you lose your lungs?
• Is it wise to continue our
current rate of
• Why do we still deforest?
1. Loss of biodiversity
2. Loss of water catchment
3. Increased risk of
flooding, soil erosion and
4. Enhanced greenhouse effect
Loss of biodiversity
•Destruction of habitats of (Flora)
plants and (Fauna) animals.
•Extinction of species
•Loss of valuable resources
•Food, medicine, timber wood
Loss of water catchment areas
• Forests enable water to be collected and stored
• Removal of rainforests reduce water catchment
• Available sources of water are reduced
• Reduction in transpiration also affects seasonal
• Climate becomes drier with removal of trees that
serve to reintroduce water into the atmosphere.
• Water prices will rise as a result
•Removal of forests leads to more
•No vegetation to take up some of the
•No roots to loosen the ground leads
to compacting of soil.
• Infiltration is reduced.
•Higher levels of surface runoff
increases erosion of top soil.
•Roots help to hold soil in place
•Deforestation leads to soil
erosion when there is rain.
•Landslides cause large scale
damage and destruction.
Enhanced Greenhouse Effect
•Greenhouse effect keeps our planet
•Without greenhouse effect earth will
•Enhanced greenhouse effect leads to
rapid increase in temperature.
•Without trees to recycle carbon
dioxide, the rise will lead to enhanced
green house effect.
Depletion of natural resources
•Tropical rainforest is an important
•It provides, resources for the people
who lived in the rainforest.
•Rapid deforestation leads to loss of
the natural resource.
•Timber extraction is the key reason