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Waste Management Research - City University of Pasay (BPG)


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Waste Management Research - City University of Pasay (BPG)

  1. 1. Solid Waste Management of Barangay. 159, Pasay City A Research Presented to Research Topics in Public Governance City University of Pasay In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree in Bachelor in Public Governance Submitted by: Nopal, Danilo Jr. Ola, Reynan Saugon, Conrado Jr. Egana, Jayson Panlican, Warren
  2. 2. i. Acknowledgement The researchers would like to thank the following persons that helped them in fulfilling with their compliance in Research/ Thesis Paper. The Almighty God, for giving strength, knowledge and wisdom he provided us to deal with our research paper for keeping us safe in conducting interviews and survey with different people. Our families, for supporting us morally, and most importantly financially, and giving us ideas with our research paper. To Dr. Amor B. Penalosa, who conducted a seminar regarding our research paper. To Prof. Martha L. Dela Paz that gave us this opportunity to make our research paper, for motivating us and believed that we can pursue this paper works. To Ms. Ceverina P. Losabia, who is an operational manager of Solid Waste Management Office (SWMO) that allowed us to conduct an interview with her and provided us some information that we need.
  3. 3. To our friends and classmates that helped us by sharing us some ideas and stuff essential to our thesis/research paper. And to all the persons that aren’t mentioned, thank you for helping us in completing and finishing our paper works, thank you for all the time and effort that you gave us. It really helped us a lot. You are all appreciated
  4. 4. ii. Introduction Waste management has serious environmental effects making the passage of the Republic Act (RA) 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 a Landmark Environmental Legislation in the Philippines. The law was crafted in response to the looming garbage problem in the country. RA 9003 declares the policy of the state in adopting a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program that ensures the protection of public health and the environment and the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of best environmental practices. Moreover, it illustrates the potentials and benefits of recycling not only in addressing waste management problems but also in alleviating poverty.
  5. 5. The researchers want to determine how barangays comply with the goals of the solid waste management office of the City of Pasay. We focused on one barangay, so we choose Barangay 159, Zone 17 of Pasay City, because according to the SWMO of Pasay City they said barangay 159 is the cleanest and the most compliant barangay of the city. We want to know what practices and activities they conduct to maintain the cleanest of their barangay. How do they coordinate with the Local Solid Waste Management Office? Are the constituents of Barangay 159 satisfied with the actions their barangay official are making, and does in benefit them?
  6. 6. Table of Contents i. Acknowledgement ii. Introduction I. Problems and Its Background a. Statement of the Problem II. Theoretical Framework a. Hypothesis b. Significance of the Study c. Definition of Terms d. Review of Related literature III. Methodology a. Research Design b. Instrument c. Data Gathering Procedures IV. Results, Analysis and Interpretation V. Conclusion/Recommendation VI. Bibliography
  7. 7. I. Problem and Its Background This study provides an analysis of the waste management program of Barangay 159. The barangay shall be responsible for the collection, segregation, recycling of biodegradable, recyclable, compostable and reusable wastes. Waste disposal and management is both an urban and rural problem. Every person is a potential generator of waste and thus a contributor to this problem. To generate waste is one thing, the type of waste generated is another and yet also the way the generated waste is managed or disposed of is quite a different issue. Waste is generated by, and from different sectors; domestic, commercial, industry and others and in many instances; the waste management responsibility has been left to the government or administrative authorities.
  8. 8. This study was carried out in Barangay 159 which is located in Malibay, Pasay City. There is growing consensus that the immediate stakeholders in the issue of solid waste, in this case the residents need to join hands with the authorities in dealing with this problem that has far-reaching environmental and human health effects.
  9. 9. a. Statement of the Problem The main problem of this study is to determine what are the plans, procedures of Barangay 159 Zone 17 in terms of proper solid waste management. Specifically, it attempts to answer the following research question: • Proper waste disposal • Garbage collection • Cleaning maintenance consistency • People’s participation in terms of waste disposal • Garbage recycling • People’s satisfaction about the solid waste management
  10. 10. II. Theoretical Framework PROBLEMS STRATEGIES OUTPUTS 1. Proper Waste Disposal 2. Garbage Collection 3. Cleaning Maintenance Consistency 4. People’s Participation in terms of waste disposal 5. Garbage Recycling 6. People’s Satisfaction 1. Waste Segregation Biodegradable Non-Biodegradable Recyclables 2. Ensure that waste is collected and transported in a safe and timely manner. 3. *Has Street sweepers *Trash bins in every 50 meters within the barangay territory. * Each household should have black trash bags or trash cans. 4. Conducts seminars concerning with the awareness of proper waste disposal. 5. RE-USE, REDUCE, RECYCLE 6. Conduct seminars and activities related to solid waste management. 1. It makes the barangay surroundings CLEAN & GREEN. 2. It would make the garbage disposal more manageable and efficient. 3. It would help in making the constituents well-disciplined and more responsible in disposing their trashes 4. People of the barangay would be more concern and aware about waste management planning. 5. Maximize the level of recycling. 6. The people would be contented with the system of the barangay in Solid Waste Management.
  11. 11. a. Hypothesis Barangay 159 has some problems in terms of solid wastes, specifically in Garbage Recycling. Therefore, if the people of Barangay 159 would be encouraged in exercising proper waste recycling then it would be a big help to the community in preventing floods, numerous counts of garbage that is needed to be disposed and it could also help in preventing global warming.
  12. 12. b. Significance of the Study This section will provide brief description on the various significances of the study given the problems of Barangay 159, regarding Solid Waste. To the office of Barangay 159.The proposed study serves the Barangay officials, personnels as their reference or guide in creating their program concerned with Solid Waste Management. To the constituents. The proposed study will help the constituents of the barangay to have a deeper understanding to the programs that their barangay officials are making. By this study they will come up with easier and powerful programs that could enhance the programs that the local barangay would conduct. To future researchers. The proposed study will benefits and help the future researcher as their guide. The study can also open in development of this study.
  13. 13. c. Definition of Terms Alleviating – to reduce the pain or trouble of something: to make something less painful, difficult or severe LGU - (Local government Unit) is a form of public administration which in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. Provision - the act or process of supplying or providing something: something that is done in advance to prepare for something else Stakeholders - A person, group or organization that has interest or concern in an organization. Segregation - the separation or isolation of a race, class, or ethnic group by enforced or voluntary residence in a restricted area, by barriers to social intercourse, by separate educational facilities, or by other discriminatory means
  14. 14. d. Review of Related Literature • Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003 describes solid waste management as a discipline associated with the control of generation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing, and disposal of solid wastes. The manner by which these activities are conducted shall be in accord with the best principles of public health, economics, engineering, conservation, aesthetics, other environmental considerations, and public attitudes. The Act provides for a comprehensive ecological solid waste management program by creating the necessary institutional mechanisms and incentives, appropriating funds, declaring certain acts prohibited, and providing penalties. Comprehensive Solid Waste Management
  15. 15. • Waste Characterization and Segregation. The solid waste generated within the area of jurisdiction shall be characterized for initial source reduction and recycling element of the local waste management plan. A separate container is required for each type of waste for on-site collection properly marked as “compostable”, “non-recyclable”, “recyclable” or “special waste”. Waste segregation shall primarily be conducted at the source including household, commercial, industrial and agricultural sources. Source Reduction. This refers to the methods by which the LGUs can reduce a sufficient amount of solid waste disposed within five (5) years. LGUs are expected to divert at least 25% of all solid waste from waste disposal facilities through re-use, recycling and composting activities. The rate of waste diversion is set to increase every three (3) years.
  16. 16. Collection and Transport of Solid Waste. The geographic subdivisions are taken into account in the coverage of the solid waste collection area in every barangay ensuring 100% collection efficiency within 24 hours from all sources. The plan shall define and identify specific strategies and activities taking into account the availability and provision of properly designed containers in selected collection points while awaiting collection and transfer, segregation of different types of waste, hauling and transfer of solid waste from collection points to final disposal sites, issuance and enforcement of ordinances for effective implementation, and provision of properly trained officers and workers. All personnel directly dealing with collection of solid waste must be equipped with personal protective gears for their protection.
  17. 17. Recycling Program. The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), in coordination with other concerned agencies, is directed to publish an inventory of existing markets for recyclable materials, product standards for recyclable and recycled materials, and a proposal to stimulate demand for the production of recycled materials and products. Moreover, a coding system for eco-labeling is expected from DTI. Non-environmentally acceptable products shall be allowed within one (1) year after public notice as alternatives available to consumers but at cost not exceeding ten (10) percent of the disposable product. The use of non-environmentally acceptable packaging is strictly prohibited by the Act. LGUs are mandated to establish Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) in each barangay or cluster of barangays designed to receive, sort, process and store compostable and recyclable materials efficiently. The residual wastes shall then be transferred to a long-term storage or disposal facility or sanitary landfill. All solid waste disposal facilities or sites in the country shall be published by the Department of Natural Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). No open dumps nor any practice or disposal of solid waste that constitutes open dumps for solid waste shall be allowed. The Act further provides for conversion of existing open dumps to controlled dumps within three (3) years.
  18. 18. Composting. The Department of Agriculture (DA) shall publish an inventory of existing markets and demands for composts that is updated annually. These composts intended for commercial distribution should conform to the standards set by the DA for organic fertilizers.
  19. 19. • Penal Provisions Chapter 6 provides a comprehensive list of prohibited acts including: (1) littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places; (2) undertaking activities in violation of sanitation operation; (3) open burning of solid waste; (4) causing non-segregated waste; (5) squatting in open dumps and landfills; (6) open dumping, burying of biodegradable materials in flood-prone areas; (7) unauthorized removal of recyclable material; (8) mixing of source-separated recyclable material with other solid waste; (9) establishment or operation of open-dumps; (10) manufacturing, distributing, using, and importing consumer products that are non-environmentally- friendly materials; (11) importing toxic wastes misrepresented as “recyclable” or “with recyclable content”; (12) transporting and dumping in bulk in areas other than facility centers; (13) site preparation, construction, expansion or operation of waste management facilities without an Environmental Compliance Certificate and not conforming with the land use plan of LGUs; (14) construction of establishment within 200 meters from dump sites or sanitary landfills; and (15) operation of waste disposal facility on any aquifer, groundwater reservoir or watershed area.
  20. 20. • Financing Solid Waste Management The Act provided a special account in the National Treasury called the Solid Waste Management Fund. This will be sourced from fines and penalties imposed, proceeds of permits and licenses, donations, endowments, grants and contributions and amount allocated under the annual General Appropriations Act. The Fund will be utilized to finance products, facilities, technologies, and processes that would enhance proper solid waste management; awards and incentives; research programs; information, education, communication and monitoring activities; technical assistance; and capability building activities.
  21. 21. III. Methodology a. Research Design This study used descriptive survey design it may use to determine how does the barangay 159 of Pasay City complies with the rules and regulations and the objectives of the local office of the Solid Waste Management Office of Pasay City.
  22. 22. b. Instrument The study used a questionnaire as one of the important instrument in gathering data. According to the Encarta dictionary, questionnaire is a set of question use to gather information in a survey form in a printed paper or form that contains questionnaire.
  23. 23. Name: ___________________________________________ Address: ___________________ Age: ____ Sex: _______ Direction: Put check (/) on the table which you think is the accurate rating for the corresponding question/statement. READ THE QUESTIONS ACCORDINGLY. Poor Good Excellent 1. Proper Waste Disposal 2. Garbage Collection 3. Cleaning Maintenance Consistency 4. People’s Participation in terms of waste disposal 5. Garbage Recycling 6. People’s Satisfaction about the Waste Management
  24. 24. c. Data Gathering Procedures The researchers float questionnaires/survey to the people of Barangay 159 zone 17 of Pasay City. This questionnaire and survey includes different questions regarding proper waste management within the barangay jurisdiction. The collected data were tabulated and interpreted by the researchers promptly.
  25. 25. IV. Results, Analysis and Interpretation What is the profile of the respondents as to: 4.1 Proper Waste Disposal 4.2 Garbage Collection 4.3 Cleaning Maintenance Consistency 4.4 People’s Participation in terms of waste disposal 4.5 Garbage Recycling 4.6 People’s Satisfaction about the Waste Management 4.7 Total Number of Garbage
  26. 26. Proper Waste Disposal Figure 4.1 As the diagram shows, 4% of the respondents said its POOR in terms of Proper Waste Disposal, 64% of the respondents answered GOOD, 32% said its EXCELLENT in compliance with proper 4% (POOR) 64% (GOOD) 32% (EXCELLENT) Poor Good Excellent
  27. 27. Garbage Collection 2% (POOR) 60% (GOOD) 38% (EXCELLENT) POOR GOOD EXCELLENT Figure 4.2 As the graph shows, 2% of the respondents said its POOR in terms of Garbage Collection, 60% of the respondents answered GOOD, 38% said its EXCELLENT in compliance with garbage collection.
  28. 28. Cleaning Maintenance Consistency 6% (POOR) 56% (GOOD) 38% (EXCELLENT) POOR GOOD EXCELLENT Figure 4.3 As the graph shows, 6% of the respondents said its POOR in terms of Cleaning Maintenance Consistency, 56% of the respondents answered GOOD, 38% said its EXCELLENT in compliance with cleaning maintenance consistency.
  29. 29. People’s Participation in terms of waste disposal 4% (POOR) 58% (GOOD) 38% (EXCELLENT) POOR GOOD EXCELLENT Figure 4.4 As the graph shows, 4% of the respondents said its POOR in terms of People’s Participation, 58% of the respondents answered GOOD, 38% said its EXCELLENT in compliance with people’s participation in terms of proper waste disposal.
  30. 30. 54% (POOR) Garbage Recycling 26% (GOOD) 20% (EXCELLENT) POOR GOOD EXCELLENT Figure 4.5 As the graph shows, 54% of the respondents said its POOR in terms of Garbage Recycling, 26% of the respondents answered GOOD, 20% said its EXCELLENT in compliance with garbage recycling.
  31. 31. People’s Satisfaction about the Waste Management 12% (POOR) 50% (GOOD) 38% (EXCELLENT) POOR GOOD EXCELLENT Figure 4.6 As the graph shows, 12% of the respondents said its POOR in terms of People’s Satisfaction about the Waste Management, 50% of the respondents answered GOOD, 38% said its EXCELLENT in compliance with People’s Satisfaction about the Waste Management.
  32. 32. 30% Total Number of Garbage Biodegradable 70% Non- Biodegradable Biodegradable Non-Biodegrable Figure 4.7 As shown in the diagram above, 70% of the solid waste of brgy. households are non-biodegradable, while 30% of the solid waste are biodegradable. 1854 kilos ( volume of garbage collected a day) 30% (biodegradable = 556.20) 70% (non-biodegradable= 1297.80)
  33. 33. V. Conclusion/Recommendation Conclusion As the conclusion to this research, the researchers realized that it is indeed a great impact to the community and to the people who lives in that particular barangay if they’ll have a clean place and proper waste disposal; it will make a difference if you’re living in a clean place which has a good sanitation. It will also benefit the people to avoid different types of diseases if the place is clean, there is a saying that “health is wealth”. So if you have a clean place, it could diminish the incident of dengue, or other diseases. And also the proper waste disposals are not possible without the help of the people who lives in a place, and we saw that there is cooperation between the barangay leaders down to the community. That’s the reason why they have a victorious project. It is our hope that Barangay 159 leaders and their community will serve as an example to other barangays on doing and improving the community.
  34. 34. Recommendation: To the Barangay 159 leaders: We recommend that you will just continue on doing such thing and we firmly believe that some of the place also in that barangay didn’t adopt that project, so you also look to that place and help them improve there waste disposal. To the People at barangay 159: Just help the barangay officials to do the project for it will help both parties. To the other Barangay leaders and people: You must do what this barangay 159 has done and look on the positive effect on this projects so you can apply it to your particular barangay. Take them as your best example regarding proper Solid Waste Disposal Management.
  35. 35. Bibliography 1. Robson, C. (1993). Real-world research: A resource for social scientists and practitioner – researchers. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. 2.Jump up^ Adèr, H. J., Mellenbergh, G. J., & Hand, D. J. (2008). Advising on research methods: a consultant's companion. Huizen: Johannes van Kessel Publishing. ISBN 978-90-79418-01-5 3. study-for-integrated-solid-waste-management-in-bogota-d-c-colombia 4. project-waste-analysis-and-characterization-study-2003 5. ( Ecological Waste Management Act ) 6. 7. waste-management-education-engineering 8. 0159%20zone%2017.htm.
  36. 36. BARANGAY 159 ZONE 17 PASAY CITY BARANAGY NO./ZONE NO. : Brgy. 159 Zone 17 ADDRESS OF BRGY. HALL : Estanislao Street, Cor.Edsa CONTACT NO. : 851-04-03 DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE BRGY. BOUNDARIES : North - Edsa, South – M. Patinio St., East – C. Jose St., West – E. Rodriguez St. LAND AREA : 2.95 sq.hectares POPULATION : 1290 NO. OF HOUSEHOLD : 309 ECONOMIC PROFILE : BPI Family bank, 7/11 Store PREDOMINANT BUSINESS OR Cebuana Lhuiler, Relim Pharma Corp. PRODUCTS PRODUCED IN BRGY. Sunday Machine Works, Wordview MAJOR BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENTS Hardware & Electrical Supply Computer Shops, Learning Center for Kids, Computer Depot