Since for many people, life in the 21st Century has become international, multicultural and inter-connected, new skills are needed to succeed in education. In this talk, different understandings of so-called 21st Century skills are explored. This session discusses some of the key conditions needed to develop skills for innovation and analyses relevant trends that stimulate the development of these skills within and outside formal educational settings. Key elements include: the mismatch between formal education and the challenges of an innovative society; the shift from-what-we-learn to how-we-learn; the fluctuating relationship between digital technologies and contents; the changing conceptions of space-time and the emphasis on lifelong learning; and the development of soft skills. Finally, this talk will emphasise that the augmented learning and the development of skills for innovation are critical aspects for the future of education.