Open Learning

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Lecture for the International Council for Education Development (ICED) conference.
China, april, 2007

Published in: Technology, Education

Open Learning

  1. 1. Open Learning Model 1/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL <ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul>Dr. Cristóbal Cobo FLACSO-México
  2. 2. 2/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL Chile (.cl) Mexico (.mx) USA (.us) Spain (.es) China (.cn) http://earth.google.es
  3. 3. 3/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL http://www.marshallmcluhan.com McLuhan Gutenberg Galaxy 1962
  4. 4. 4/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL http://tools.google.com/gapminder Life Expectancy Urban Population (1960) Example 1 i
  5. 5. 5/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL http://tools.google.com/gapminder Life Expectancy Urban Population (2004) Example 1 ii
  6. 6. 6/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL http://tools.google.com/gapminder Life Expectancy Economic Growth (1965) Example 2 i
  7. 7. 7/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL http://tools.google.com/gapminder Life Expectancy Economic Growth (2004) Example 2 ii
  8. 8. 8/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL Phone Users per 1000 people (1975) Life Expectancy http://tools.google.com/gapminder Example 3 i
  9. 9. 9/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL Phone Users per 1000 people (2004) http://tools.google.com/gapminder Life Expectancy Example 3 ii
  10. 10. Open Learning Model 10/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windmill
  11. 11. Open Learning Model 11/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL Wind (INFORMATION) Engine Movement (LEARNING) Energy (KNOWLEDGE)
  12. 12. 12/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL <ul><li>Traditional Education: </li></ul><ul><li>Memorization of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Routines Experts </li></ul>
  13. 13. 13/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL <ul><li>Current Technology: </li></ul><ul><li>Memorization of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Routines Experts </li></ul>
  14. 14. 14/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL <ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul>(Hatano & Inagaki, 1986; Schwartz, Bransford & Sears, 2005)
  15. 15. 15/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL Efficiency Innovation (Hatano & Inagaki, 1986; Schwartz, Bransford & Sears, 2005)
  16. 16. 16/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL “ routine experts ” “ adaptive experts ” Hatano and Inagaki (1986) Mechanical repetition, Memorization, Highly specialized, Formal & rigid teaching. Learning as a close system that rejects change. Flexible, collaborative & changing learning. Knowledge generation, creativity, curiosity and the ability to unlearn old paradigms. Adopt ideas from a complex environment.
  17. 17. 17/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL Efficiency Innovation Adaptive Experts Routine Experts Novice Frustrated Novice < Optimal Adaptability Corridor > (Schwartz, Bransford & Sears, 2005)
  18. 18. 18/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL open learning model adaptive learning Information & Knowledge Tacit & Explicit Knowledge Digital Divide 1° & 2° order Digital Native & Digital Immigrant
  19. 19. 19/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL learning Adaptive Routine Information Knowledge (Davenport and Prusak, 1998). content
  20. 20. 20/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL learning Adaptive Routine knowledge Tacit Explicit (Polanyi, 1966; Nonaka &Takeuchi, 1995)
  21. 21. 21/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL learning Adaptive Routine digital divide 2° order 1°order (Dewan and Riggs, 2005)
  22. 22. 22/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL learning Adaptive Routine digital native digital immigrant (Prensky, 2001) conduct
  23. 23. 23/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL Qualities & Skills <ul><li>innovation & creativity </li></ul><ul><li>highly digital literate </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge production </li></ul><ul><li>updatable knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>smart use of information </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative performance </li></ul><ul><li>inventive and intuitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>high adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>capacity to analyze complexity </li></ul>
  24. 24. 24/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL cost Interactivity handheld devices radio +U$ -U$ tv PC
  25. 25. 25/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL e-learning m-learning
  26. 26. 26/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL m-learning <ul><li>Wide accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of use </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance as a device for learning </li></ul><ul><li>Helpful in collaborative projects </li></ul><ul><li>A classroom alternative to books/PC </li></ul><ul><li>Useful where learners are dispersed </li></ul><ul><li>Lower price than a PC </li></ul><ul><li>Empower the in-context learning </li></ul>
  27. 27. 27/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL (Spivack, N. 2004)
  28. 28. 28/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL time evolution technology education Kurzweil (2005) Exponential Growth of Technological Evolution
  29. 29. 29/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL technologies to empower learning knowledge to empower technologies
  30. 30. 30/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL
  31. 31. 31/31 PEN LEARNING MODEL download presentation: e-rgonomic.blogspot.com [email_address] Dr. Cristóbal Cobo FLACSO-México Esta obra está bajo la licencia Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 2.5 España de Creative Commons. Se permite la copia, distribución y comunicación pública siempre y cuando se cite el autor de esta obra y la fuente (Open Learning Model, Dr. Cristóbal Cobo) y el uso concreto no tenga finalidad comercial. No se pueden hacer usos comerciales ni obras derivadas. La licencia completa se puede consultar en: <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/es/deed.es>

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