Invisible Learning -new literacies- and TEDxPlazaCibeles

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Presentation given at the http://www.tedxplazacibeles.com which is a critical view of the inclusion of technology in the formal learning environment. In addition this talk provided an overview and comparison between the 20th and the 21st centuries literacies and also illiteracy.

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Invisible Learning -new literacies- and TEDxPlazaCibeles

  1. 1. Sn.  José.  Chile.  5th  August,  2010.    33  miners.  70  days.    700  meters  Below  Ground.    
  2. 2. stateme nts  “We  drive  into  the  future  using  only  our  rear  view  mirror.”  Marshall  McLuhan  
  3. 3. Statement  #1      imposing  technologies  in  a  fairly  inflexible  way  
  4. 4. hFp://www.cogniJvetechnologies.net/90-­‐years-­‐since-­‐pressey/   Have  we  focused  too  much  on  the  technology  (since  Skinner)?   Skinner  and   teaching  m achine   Frederic  Skinner,     Harvard  University   List  of  quesJons.      Mechanism  to  respond.   1958  
  5. 5. 1995Unreliable,  boring,  more  technology  to  do  the  same.  MemorizaJon.  Mechanical  Task.  Limited  in  Jme/space.     future>  
  6. 6. 1920/2010   post  modern  schools  hFp://www.guardian.co.uk/government-­‐compuJng-­‐network/2011/apr/21/intellect-­‐crJcises-­‐ict-­‐curriculum-­‐schools  
  7. 7. Statement  #2     tradiJonal  literacy  +  21st  century  literacies   illiterate  educaEonal  insEtuEons   1950   Literacy:  number  of  people  (+15)  who  can  read  and  write  
  8. 8. Internet  blocked  in  schools   "shut  down "  
  9. 9. World  (tradiJonal)  illiteracy   MaFhew  White  (1997)    
  10. 10. World  (tradiJonal)  illiteracy   United  NaJons  Millennium  Development  Goals   Increase  adult  literacy  by  50%   2015   Increase  3  Jmes   Afghanistan/Niger  
  11. 11. World  Illiteracy  Rate  1970  –  2000  (prognosis  for  2005  –  2015),  age  15  years  and  over.  Source  UNESCO  InsJtute  for  StaJsJcs  (UIS).  
  12. 12. Global  ICT  developments,  2000-­‐2010*   100   90   Mobile  cellular  telephone   80   subscripJons   Internet  users   70  Per  100  inhabitants   60   50   40   30   20   10   0   *EsJmates  2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010*   Source:    ITU  World  TelecommunicaJon  /ICT  Indicators  database    
  13. 13. hFp://www.ragtag.info/2011/feb/2/history-­‐world-­‐100-­‐seconds/   Access  only  2  every  7   telegeography.com   One  (random)  day  in   Wikipedia…   Digital  divide    >  connecJvity   424,000  arJcles  + 14,200  geo-­‐tagged  events.     [by  Gareth  Lloyd  and  Tom  MarJn.]   Graham,  M.,  Hale,  S.  A.  and  Stephens,  M.  (2011)  Geographies  of  the  World’s  Knowledge.  London,   Convoco!  EdiJon.  Oxford  Internet  InsJtute.   More  ArJcles  of  AntarcJca  than  any  other   84%  arJcles  from  EU  and  US   country  in  South  America  or  Africa  
  14. 14. 3  basic  literacies   Content  creaJon  Sharing  of    knowledge     TranslaJon/   integraJon  Literacy:  capacity  to  apply  knowledge  and  skills  in  key  areas  to  analyse,  communicate  effecJvely,  solve  problems  in  different  situaJons    (OCDE,  2004).  
  15. 15. //www.flickr.com/photos/passes/641095/sizes/o/in/photostream/   less  Copyright  and   Basic  onnect  /  AggregaJon  1     Create/  C literacy  # more  right  to  copy  
  16. 16. repliers  >  connectors   in.reuters.com   Basic  (meaning-­‐format),  T#  2     ContextualizaJon,     TranslaJon   Literacy  ransformaJon,  
  17. 17. Basic  literacy  #3    Knowledge  distribuJon,  low  cost,  decentralizaJon   hFp://mindshit.kqed.org/2011/05/10-­‐open-­‐educaJon-­‐resources-­‐you-­‐ may-­‐not-­‐know-­‐about-­‐but-­‐should/  
  18. 18. Statement  #3     technical  innovaJon   content   container  social  innovaJon   context  
  19. 19. CommiFee  for  Democracy  in  InformaJon  Technology     (1995,  Santa  Marta  -­‐slum-­‐,  Rio  de  Janeiro,  Brazil)  Using  Internet  to  aFack  young  people  at  risk  slum  children,  indigenous,  former  prisoners,  physically  &  mentally  disables.  Regional  offices  in  20  Brazilian  States,  +  Colombia,  Uruguay,  Chile,  Mexico,  Guatemala,  Honduras,  Japan,  Angola,  South  Africa  &  ArgenJna  (5000  café  –  850  community  centers)  
  20. 20. To  build  new  bridges  between  different  kinds  of  learning  Project:  To  develop  an  IT  project  relevant  for  the  community   {  1  }  
  21. 21. Experimental  communiJes>    trial/error  +  combine  disciplines  +    Problem  based  learning  [real  world]  ICT  outside  of  the  classroom   {  2  }  
  22. 22. Peer  based  learning  micro-­‐transference  (exchange  of  experiences)  –  (different  ages,  uses  context)    “doesn´t  ma0er  if  kids  don´t  have  a  great  IT  teacher”  (Sugata  Mitra)     {  3  }  
  23. 23. Lifelong  learning  >    DIY  (Jme/spaces)    ‘we  need  to  engineer  new  technologies  to  help  them  HOW  to  learn,  not  WHAT  to  learn’  (Moravec)   70/20/10   90%  of  what  we  learn  come  informally   70%  work/experience.   Princeton´s  center  for  crea<ve  leadership   20%  interacJon  with  others.   10%  formal  learning.   {  4  }  
  24. 24. internet  access  as  a  universal  human  right  16th  of  May,  2011  
  25. 25. John  Moravec,  phd  Docente  Estudios  de  Innovación  Posgrado  de  Estudios  Liberales,  Universidad  de  Minnesota.  Cristóbal  Cobo  Romaní,  phd  Oxford  Internet  InsJtute  University  of  Oxford  www.aprendizajeinvisible.com  

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