NEW YEAR"Happy New Year!“: – The Romans continued to Greeting said and heard for observe the New Year in late March, but their at least the first couple of calendar was continually weeks as a new year gets tampered with by various under way. emperors. – ANCIENT NEW YEARS – Finally, Julius Caesar In 2000 BC, the Babylonian established what has come New Year began with the to be known as the Julian first New Moon marked by Calendar, which again the first day of spring. established January 1 as – It lasted for eleven days the new year. and each day had its own particular mode of – TRADITIONS: New year’s celebration. resolutions
CHINESE NEW YEAR• Happy New Year in Chinese TRADITIONS: (cantonese): Sun nien fai lok • Doors are decorated with• The Chinese do not celebrate vertical scrolls of characters on the New Year on the same day red paper whose texts seek good luck and praise nature. as we do • In many homes and temples – Chinese New Year starts incense is burned, and also in with the second New Moon the temples after the winter solstice and ends on the full moon 15 • A large family dinner is served. days later. • In China, the public holiday – Like all Chinese festivals it lasts for three days but the is determined by the festival traditionally lasts for 15 days lunar/solar calendar, so the actual date varies from late January to mid-February.
BURN’S NIGHT• People from Scotland celebrate Burns Night on 25 January, the anniversary of the birth of Robert Burns, Scotlands great national poet and songwriter.TRADITIONS:• A large formal dinner, ritual started by close friends of the poet a few years after his death as a tribute to his memory. – First, Haggis are served: haggis are the traditional Scottish dish served that night (it is made from a sheeps stomach stuffed with minced heart, liver, suet (animal fat) and oatmeal (a cereal). – Next comes the reciting of a prayer, Selkirk Grace (written by Burns).
VALENTINE’S DAY• Valentine was a priest who • He was thrown in jail but he was lived in Rome when the city visited by many love supporters, was ruled by emperor especially, the daughter of the Claudius. prison guard, who helped him keep his spirits up.• Claudius wanted a big army and to battle in wars, but most • Valentine died on the 14th people didn’t agree with that. February, but he left a note for the girl, thanking her for her friendship• and loyalty. Claudius thought that if men weren’t married, they wouldn’t • The card said: mind to go in wars, so he Love from your Valentine forbid marriages. This is why from that day on,• Valentine ignored the law and people usually send love continued performing secret messages on Valentie’s day marriage ceremonies until he was caught.
EASTER• Easter is a Christian Festival • SYMBOLS: that celebrates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. – Easter eggs were painted with bright colours to• On the third day after Good represent the sunlight of Friday, the day of his spring crucifixion, now called Easter Sunday, he rose from the – Easter Bunny and Easter dead. Mourners went to His Hunt tomb to collect His body. However, He was not there and they were greeted by an angel who said : "He is Risen".
ST. PATRICK’S DAY•Far from being a Saint,until he was 16, he was • He travelled throughoutconsidered himself a Ireland, establishingpagan. monasteries across the•At that age, he was country. He also set upsold into slavery, which schools and churches His mission in Irelandhelped him become lasted for thirty years.closer to God.• After six year, he • After that, he wasescaped from slavery considered a Saint.and studed in amonastery to convertthe pagans toChristianity.
APRIL FOOL’S DAY• The custom of this day is to play jokes or send friends on fools errands.• This custom was brought to America by the British.• -When do we celebrate April Fools Day in Spain? - What is the Spanish translation for this festival? - Do you play jokes on your friends? If so, what kind of jokes do you usually play?
MOTHER’S DAY• Do you usually celebrate Mothers Day? When is it celebrated in Spain?• Do you give your mother a special gift on this day?• The earliest Mothers Day celebrations can be traced back to the spring celebrations of ancient Greece in honour of Rhea, the Mother of the Gods.• Cards and poems are a typical gift for this day
FATHER’S DAY• • Do you celebrate • But how did it begin ? Fathers Day? • When is it celebrated in -Sonora Dodd, from Spain? Washington, first had the • Do you buy a special gift idea of a "fathers day." for your dad? She thought of the idea • Whats the most for Fathers Day while common present on listening to a Mothers Fathers Day? Day sermon in 1909.• This day is used to honour all fathers all over the world!
4TH JULY• Independence Day is • TRADITIONS: the national holiday of - Parades , picnics the United States of and fireworks were America established as the commemorating the way to celebrate signing of the Americas birthday. Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
THE EDINBURGH FESTIVAL• The Edinburgh • By invitation from the International General Director, the Festival is a festival International Festival of performing arts that brings top class takes place in the city performers of opera, of Edinburgh, theatre, music Scotland, over three (especially classical weeks from around music) and dance the middle of August. from around the world to perform.
HARVEST FESTIVAL• In England, thanks • Harvest Festival have been given for reminds Christians of successful harvests all the good things since ancient times. God gives them. This This day is celebrated makes them want to by singing, praying share with others who and decorating the are not so fortunate. churches with baskets of fruit and food.
HALLOWEEN • When is Halloween celebrated? • Do you usually celebrate Halloween? • If so, what do you usually do on that night? • What is the Catalan festival celebrated on the same day? • Do you celebrate it? • What do you do/eat/drink … on that night?• On that day they wore scary costumes because they believed that then the evil spirits wouldnt recognize them as humans and wouldnt mess with them.• The earliest origin is from the Celts, who lived in Scotland. On October 31, they celebrated the end of the harvest season and the beginning of the cold, dark winters. The Celts believed that on Oct 31, the Lord of Death released souls back to Earth• TRADITIONS:• - Costumes• - Masks• - Pumpking carving• - Trick-or-treat• - Jack-o- Lantern story
• Thanksgivint is to celebrate the time when the first European settlers in the US were helped and taught how to grow crops by the Native Americans.• People celebrate it with a special meal.
GUY FAWK’S NIGHT• On 5 November every year, children in Britain get excited because it is Bonfire Night (Guy Fawkes Night). They lit bonfires and enjoy firework displays.• It’s the date when, in the 17th century, Guy Fawkes tried to blow up the British Parliament, bur failed.• People celebrate it with a bonfire and fireworks.
CHRISTMAS– There is preparation going on of – CRACKERS foods, the sending of Christmas cards, the decorating of houses and churches, and the readying of gifts. – KISSING UNDER THE MISTLETOE– On Christmas Eve youngsters hang up their stockings on the ends of the beds or by the – STOCKING chimney.– On Christmas morning the family traditionally opens their presents – REINDEER & RUDOLPH and prepares for a big feast which is typically served just after midday. – THE COIN PUDDING– At every place on the table there – is a cracker. The meal begins with POINSETTIA a toast, followed by the popping of the crackers. – FATHER CHRISTMAS– In the afternoon they exchange – The evergreen HOLLY visits with neighbours and other symbolises eternal life. family members.