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Linked Data Aggregation, Integration and Mashups
in the Performing Arts: A Project Report
M. Cristina Pattuelli & Hannah Sistrunk
NKOS Workshop at DC-2017
Washington, D.C., October 28, 2017
Open Data Linking
Aggregation
Integration
Mashups
Background
& Context
Relationships as a tool for aggregation
Linked data generation via text mining and
entity extraction:
1. Named-entity Recognition
2. Entity Reconciliation
3. Entity Association
Mona Hinton interviewed by Milt Fillius & Michael Woods, Scottsdale, Arizona,
March 4, 1995.The Fillius Jazz Archive, Hamilton College.
Mona Hinton interviewed by Milt Fillius & Michael Woods, Scottsdale, Arizona,
March 4, 1995.The Fillius Jazz Archive, Hamilton College.
<http://linkedjazz/resource/Mona_Hinton>
Mona Hinton interviewed by Milt Fillius & Michael Woods, Scottsdale, Arizona,
March 4, 1995.The Fillius Jazz Archive, Hamilton College.
http://linkedjazz/resource/Mona_Hinton
<http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ella_Fitzgerald>
rel:knows_of
Mona Hinton interviewed by Milt Fillius & Michael Woods, Scottsdale, Arizona,
March 4, 1995.The Fillius Jazz Archive, Hamilton College.
<http://linkedjazz/resource/Mona_Hinton>
http://purl.org/vocab/relationship/knowsOf>
<http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ella_Fitzgerald>
LJ TRANSCRIPT ANALYZER
Network Graph
TYPED RELATIONSHIPS
DRIVING THE NETWORKS
<PersonA> <rel:knowsOf> <PersonB>
Entity Reconciliation
In order to link data effectively and correctly,
data needs to be unambiguously identified.
Identity Management
owl:sameAs
<http://data.carnegiehall.org/names/47408>
<http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name>
"Ella Fitzgerald"
<http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ella_Fitzgerald>
<http://dbpedia.org/ontology/name>
"Ella Fitzgerald"
<http://linkedjazz.org/resource/Ella_Fitzgerald>
<http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name>
"Ella Fitzgerald"@en
<https://musicbrainz.org/artist/54799c0e-eb45-
4eea-996d-c4d71a63c499>
<http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name>
“Ella Fitzgerald”
<https://viaf.org/viaf/6148211>
< http://schema.org/familyName >
“Fitzgerald”
<https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1768>
<https://www.w3.org/2000/01/
rdf-schema#label>
"Ella Fitzgerald"
sameAs
Co-referencing
Integration through interlinking
Enrich your data by consuming data from
other LOD-enabled datasets.
More complex queries
Trigger new questions
Ignite discovery
Benefits
Carnegie Hall Performance History Data
JAZZ TRANSCRIPT DATA
INTERVIEW
PASSAGE
PASSAGE
PASSAGE
INTERVIEWEE
MUSICIAN
MENTIONED
MUSICIAN
MENTIONED
PERFORMANCE
HISTORY DATA
EVENT
CONDUCTOR
PERFORMER
PERFORMER
DATE
VENUE
WORK
sameAs
Static view of the Carnegie Hall and Linked Jazz relationship visualization
The results were made available for exploration through an interactive Gephi visualization.
JAZZ TRANSCRIPT DATA
INTERVIEW
PASSAGE
PASSAGE
PASSAGE
INTERVIEWEE
MUSICIAN
MENTIONED
MUSICIAN
MENTIONED
PERFORMANCE
HISTORY DATA
EVENT
CONDUCTOR
PERFORMER
PERFORMER
DATE
VENUE
WORK
sameAs
NAME
BIRTH
DATE
DEATH
DATE
BIRTH
PLACE
ROLE
ENSEMBL
E
INSTRUM
ENT
Mashup
MUSICIAN
MENTIONED
PERFORMER
NAME
BIRTH
DATE
DEATH
DATE
BIRTH
PLACE
ROLE
ENSEMBL
E
INSTRUM
ENT
sameAs
NAME
DEPICTIO
N
SAME AS
KNOWS
OF
COLLABORA
TED WITH
MENTOR
OF
FRIEND OF
PLAYED
TOGETHER
IN BAND
TOGETHER
BAND
MEMBER
ACQUAINTA
NCE OF
TOURED
WITH
sameAs
JAZZ TRANSCRIPT DATA
INTERVIEW
PASSAGE
PASSAGE
PASSAGE
INTERVIEWEE
MUSICIAN
MENTIONED
MUSICIAN
MENTIONED
PERFORMANCE
HISTORY DATA
EVENT
CONDUCTOR
PERFORMER
PERFORMER
DATE
VENUE
WORK
sameAs
NAME
BIRTH
DATE
DEATH
DATE
BIRTH
PLACE
ROLE
ENSEMBL
E
INSTRUM
ENT
Mashup
Interview with Mary Lou Williams
conducted by John S.Wilson
June 26, 1973
Smithsonian Institution
Jazz Oral History Project
Mary LouWilliams
Little Bursts in the Wild
“The best use of your data will be thought by
somebody else in likely unanticipated ways.”
The JAZZCATS (Jazz Collection of
Aggregated Triples) Project
“A collection of aggregated RDF triples tracing
performance history through musicological
data…bridge previously unconnected but
complementary information about jazz music.”
Daniel Bangert,Alfie Abdul-Rahman, and Terhi Nurmikko-Fuller
(UNSW, Oxford University,Australia National University)
http://jazzcats.oerc.ox.ac.uk/
Discography of over 200 recordings
Solos within performances, including pitch, key, and chord changes
JazzTube
Annotations of jazz solos from the Weimar
Jazz Database (WJD) + discographies
A joint project between the Hochschule für Musik Franz Liszt Weimar (University of Music
Franz Liszt Weimar) and the International Audio Laboratories Erlangen.
http://mir.audiolabs.uni-erlangen.de/jazztube/about
http://mir.audiolabs.uni-erlangen.de/jazztube/soloists/
Challenges
Data Cooking: 80% work involved is
in data preparation and transformation
– web scraping, wrangling, cleaning, assuring quality
and consistency
Challenges
Skill-sets needed for information professionals
Not established methodologies
Organizational limitations (e.g., lack of
resources) and unequal opportunities for
communities to participate
Need to low-barrier tools for linked data
engineering tasks
Thank you! Questions?
Linked Jazz
https://linkedjazz.org
@semlabteam
Thanks to: Karen Hwang; Matt
Miller; Rachel Egan; Bill Levay
Cristina Pattuelli
mpattuel@pratt.edu
@cristinapattuel
Hannah Sistrunk
hsistrunk@rockarch.org
@HaSistrunk
SEMANTIC LAB @PRATTCREDITS: Icons from the Noun Project collection
Photos from Wikimedia Commons

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Linked Data Aggregation, Integration and Mashups in the Performing Arts