Battle of Głogów


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Battle of Głogów

  1. 1.  The Battle of Głogów or Defense of Głogów (Polish: Obrona Głogowa) was fought on 24 August 1109 at the Silesian town ofGłogów, between the Kingdom of Poland and the Holy Roman Empire. Recorded by the mediæval chronicler Gallus Anonymus it is presently one of the most well known battles in Polish history. The Polish forces were led by Duke Bolesław III Wrymouth, while the Imperial forces were under command of King Henry V of Germany. Bolesław was victorious.
  2. 2.  Henry V The plan provides for crossing over the river and continued the march to Poznan, but fearing the emperor cut off from the back by głogowian and the news of the approaching forces of the Wry-mouthed, he decided to get the city in Glogow. Strengthening it was located on the Cathedral Island in the place conducive to the defense, the right-bank part of the current city. Located on the island from the south was covered with the waters of the Oder, on the north by old river bed known as the Old Oder, and from the east to the Oder River estuary Barycz. Castle was built probably in the time of Mieszko I in a new place after the destruction of the old castle of the tribal period (after the annexation of lands to the State Dziadoszan Piast). This object had an oval shape with dimensions of 114 to 81 meters is surrounded by ramparts had 12 m wide (at base) and 8 m high. The shaft consisted of three parts - the outer face of the beam were arranged on a framework, and the interior was filled with sand. Henry used the surprise głogowian, managing and destroying the borough, taking booty and prisoners, as well as breaking up and dispersing part of the auxiliary forces of Boleslaw, who camped there. But do not try to gain the castle, which focused defender.
  3. 3. Henry agreed to a five-day truce, during which defense counsel had obtained from the Boleslaw the Wry-mouthed consent to surrender. At the bail truce Glogow hostages released on condition that "regardless of whether or not peace is concluded, if rejected, will regain their hostages." During the truce to strengthen and improve crew established communication with Bolesław. This did not agree to surrender and ordered an absolute defense of Glogau. Loss of city could decide to defeat because of the war. Even threatened that those who surrender the fortress, to be hanged or crucified. Then the German king, breaking the terms of the agreement, he had tied the hostages to the siege engines in the belief that the defender did not dare to shoot them. But the hopeless position of the crew of the castle meant that "bulkheads did not spare his own sons and relatives more than the Germans and Czechs." In September, joined the German forces under the command of Czech meals Świętopełk, as mentioned in Prague, Czech kronikarzKosmas . The siege lasted for many days and was prepared with great gusto. Built a large number of siege engines and dump earth rampart, outside shot at the smelter. The German army, having a large practice in the acquisition of fortresses, were counting on a quick surrender of the castle. Because it is not followed - the first assault was carried out. Glogow with war machines desperately repulsed attacks. On the heads of attackers poured hot tar and boiling water, dropped, or fought, heavy beams, and with the hooks repelled assault ladder.
  4. 4.  Legend children Glogow . In 1979 he stood on the left bank of the city Glogow Glogow Children monument - a project of the Bulgarian artist Dmitri Petrov Vaceva, commemorating the death of the youngest participants in the defense Glogau. Located near the castle in Glogow, unveiled on 1 September 1979 - on the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the outbreak of World War II and the 870th Głogów defense anniversary.
  5. 5. In 2009, celebrated its 900 anniversary brier Głogów defense. On this occasion, was organized reconstruction
  6. 6.  Here is a link to a short film of the reconstruction:
  7. 7.  Prezentacja przygotował Artur Rzegoczn przy spółpracy z /imghp?hl=pl&tab=ii