The Draft Program EIR/EIS the Authority released with its federal partner the Federal Railroad Administration concluded that the high-speed train system would have many benefits for Californians, including: HST is a new mode of transportation that would increase connectivity and accessibility to existing transportation systems, air transportation, and underserved inland populations such as the Central Valley. HST is safer, more reliable than highway or air travel. It would provide quick, predictable travel times that would be sustainable over time. It would have lower passenger costs than air or auto travel. HST would provide additional capacity for future generations. HST would decrease energy consumption, reduce air pollution, and reduce reliance on petroleum. HST would cost 2 to 3 times less and have fewer environmental impacts than expanding highways and airports to meet future demands. The Environmental impacts of HST are minimized with most alignments within or adjacent to existing rail or highway right-of-way.
Like past major infrastructure projects – California’s water, university and highway systems -- the high-speed train system would be an economic stimulant and smart investment in California’s infrastructure. Creating 300,000 “job years” of employment during construction In addition, a high-speed train system is forecasted to improve California’s economy, resulting in 450,000 more permanent jobs by 2035. Cost benefit analysis based upon “investment grade” ridership forecasts concluded that the high-speed system benefits would be more than two times its costs.
For long distances, high-speed trains will provide “ door-to-door ” travel times similar to air, and will be twice as fast as highway travel. For intermediate travel, like Fresno to Los Angeles, high-speed trains would provide quicker “ door-to-door ” travel times than either air or highway. By 2020, high-speed trains will be faster than air travel in total “ door-to-door ” travel time from Los Angeles to San Francisco. *****Insert specific example line haul times tailored to audience*************
What Constitutes HSR?What Constitutes HSR?International Union of RailwaysInternational Union of Railways(UIC):(UIC): Operating speeds at or aboveOperating speeds at or above250 km/h (155 mph)250 km/h (155 mph) on new tracks,on new tracks,or 200 km/h on existing tracks.or 200 km/h on existing tracks.US Federal Railroad Admin. (FRA):US Federal Railroad Admin. (FRA):Operating speeds exceedingOperating speeds exceeding 90mph90mph;;standards allow speeds to 217 mph.standards allow speeds to 217 mph.200 kph = 125 mph250 kph = 155 mph300 kph = 186 mph350 kph = 217 mph
HSR ApplicationsHSR Applications Best suited for trips of 2–3 hours (100-600 mi.),Best suited for trips of 2–3 hours (100-600 mi.),for which HSR can beat both air and auto modes.for which HSR can beat both air and auto modes. Competitive with autos on shorter distances,Competitive with autos on shorter distances,given road congestion or expensive parking fees.given road congestion or expensive parking fees. Most effective when integrated with conventionalMost effective when integrated with conventionaltransit; should feed airports to serve long-transit; should feed airports to serve long-distance travelers.distance travelers.
HSR CapacityHSR Capacity Double track can handle 15 trainsDouble track can handle 15 trainsper hour per direction.per hour per direction. Assuming 800 passengers per train,Assuming 800 passengers per train,the capacity is 12,000 passengersthe capacity is 12,000 passengersper hour per direction.per hour per direction. Thus, double track HSR has aThus, double track HSR has acapacity about 13% greater than acapacity about 13% greater than a6-lane highway.6-lane highway. HSR line carries 2.83 times moreHSR line carries 2.83 times morepassengers per hour per foot ofpassengers per hour per foot ofwidth.width.
HSR Alignment GeometryHSR Alignment Geometry Maximum curvature:Maximum curvature:• D~1/2° (R~13,000 ft) initial linesD~1/2° (R~13,000 ft) initial lines• D~1/4° (R~23,000 ft) for 300 kph+ speedsD~1/4° (R~23,000 ft) for 300 kph+ speeds Maximum gradient: 3.5% to 4.0%Maximum gradient: 3.5% to 4.0% Multiple main tracks (2 min.)Multiple main tracks (2 min.) Shallow entry and divergenceShallow entry and divergenceangles for turn-outs.angles for turn-outs. Flyovers or tunnels at junctionsFlyovers or tunnels at junctionsto avoid track crossings.to avoid track crossings. Can use existing rail linesCan use existing rail lines(at reduced speeds) in vicinity(at reduced speeds) in vicinityof urban stations.of urban stations.
HSR Access ControlHSR Access Control No freight/low speed passenger ops.No freight/low speed passenger ops. No highway grade crossingsNo highway grade crossings No rail grade crossingsNo rail grade crossings Fenced R-O-WFenced R-O-W Sensors at bridgesSensors at bridgesand tunnels to detectand tunnels to detectfallen objectsfallen objects
HSR PropulsionHSR Propulsion Existing systems use locomotiveExisting systems use locomotivepropelled trainsetspropelled trainsets Locomotives powered by electricityLocomotives powered by electricitydistributed via overhead catenarydistributed via overhead catenary Future: turbine propelled locomotives;Future: turbine propelled locomotives;trains having all powered carstrains having all powered carsTurbineTurbineElectricElectric
HSR vs. Conventional RailHSR vs. Conventional RailTechnologies,Requirements andPerformanceTraditional / RegionalPassenger RailRegional High-SpeedRail Express High-Speed RailRepresentative TrainSpeeds50-79 mph 110-150 mph 200 mphTypical PassengerCapacities300 - 1,000 passengers 300 - 800 passengers 300 - 800 passengersPropulsion(predominant)Diesel-electric Electric ElectricTypical Station Spacing 20-30 miles 50-70 miles 100 milesR-O-W usage Shared with freightoperations, freight servicepredominatesShared with freightoperations, passengerservice predominatesExclusive to passengerserviceTypical Trip Length 20-2,500 Miles 100 Miles 300 – 500 MilesExamples Amtrak Intercity railoperationsAmtrak Conv. ServiceAmtrak NortheastCorridor ServiceAmtrak ACELATGV, Shinkansen(No US examples, yet!)
Asian HSR SystemsAsian HSR Systems JapanJapan KoreaKorea TaiwanTaiwan ChinaChina
Japan HSR: Shinkansen SystemJapan HSR: Shinkansen System• Opened in 1964 (First in world!)Opened in 1964 (First in world!)• Network size:Network size: 2,452 km in service (1,520 miles)2,452 km in service (1,520 miles) 590 km under construction (370 miles)590 km under construction (370 miles) Additional 583 km planned (360 miles)Additional 583 km planned (360 miles) 2,250 miles total when completed2,250 miles total when completed• Operated by 4 railway companiesOperated by 4 railway companies• Total fleet: approx. 4,000 carsTotal fleet: approx. 4,000 cars• Max. speed: 300 km/h (185 mph)Max. speed: 300 km/h (185 mph)• Annual ridership: 300 millionAnnual ridership: 300 million
Fastech 360 trains will carry travelers at a top speed ofFastech 360 trains will carry travelers at a top speed of224 mph and is expected to hit speeds above 250 mph in224 mph and is expected to hit speeds above 250 mph intest runs (400 kph)test runs (400 kph)East Japan Railway is testing a prototype with twoEast Japan Railway is testing a prototype with twouniquely shaped nose cones-at 52 feet, the longest ever-uniquely shaped nose cones-at 52 feet, the longest ever-that reduce drag and noisy micropressure waves inthat reduce drag and noisy micropressure waves intunnels.tunnels.To stop quickly in an emergency, the Fastech 360 usesTo stop quickly in an emergency, the Fastech 360 usescat-ear-like spoiler brakes that pop out of the roof tocat-ear-like spoiler brakes that pop out of the roof toincrease air resistance. The trains will go into serviceincrease air resistance. The trains will go into servicearound 2011.around 2011.Japan’s Fastech 360Japan’s Fastech 360
Korea HSRKorea HSR Seoul-Daegu route:Seoul-Daegu route: 330 km (205 mi.)in service330 km (205 mi.)in service Daegu-Pusan route:Daegu-Pusan route: 82 km (50 mi.) under82 km (50 mi.) underconstructionconstruction Rolling stock:Rolling stock: 46 TGV trains (initially)46 TGV trains (initially) Max speed:Max speed: 300 km/hr (185 mph)300 km/hr (185 mph)
Korea HSR:Korea HSR: New KTX-350 TrainsNew KTX-350 TrainsManufactured by Hyundai-RotemManufactured by Hyundai-Rotem350 km/hr350 km/hr (220 mph)(220 mph) max. speedmax. speed
Taiwan HSRTaiwan HSR• Opened 2007:Opened 2007: 345 km. (215 mi.)345 km. (215 mi.)• Max speed:Max speed: 300 km/hr (185 mph)300 km/hr (185 mph)• Rolling stock:Rolling stock: 30 12-car train sets30 12-car train setsHSR 700T TrainsetHSR 700T Trainset
China HSRChina HSRLong-range HSR Plan:Long-range HSR Plan: 832 km in service832 km in service (515 mi.)(515 mi.) 3,404 km under construction3,404 km under construction (2,110 mi.)(2,110 mi.) 4,075 km planned (4,075 km planned (2,525 mi.)2,525 mi.) 5,150 miles5,150 miles total when completetotal when complete Dual pass./freight lines: 250kphDual pass./freight lines: 250kph (155 mph)(155 mph) Dedicated pass. lines: 350 kphDedicated pass. lines: 350 kph (220 mph)(220 mph)
France HSRFrance HSR LGV opened in 1981; 100 mil. annual ridersLGV opened in 1981; 100 mil. annual riders Speeds: 270-320 kphSpeeds: 270-320 kph (170 - 200 mph)(170 - 200 mph) Network size:Network size:• 1,872 km in operation1,872 km in operation (1,160 mi.)(1,160 mi.)• 299 km under construction299 km under construction (185 mi.)(185 mi.)• 2,616 km in planning2,616 km in planning (1,620 mi.)(1,620 mi.) HSR Lines separate from existing tracksHSR Lines separate from existing tracks(but compatible with existing tracks)(but compatible with existing tracks)Goal: <3 hrs. travel time to Paris
Travel times toTravel times toParisParison French HSRon French HSR
France HSR - LGVFrance HSR - LGV Rail gauge: 1,435 mmRail gauge: 1,435 mm (56 inches)(56 inches) Initial LGV fleet:Initial LGV fleet: 400400 duplex carsduplex cars Capacity:Capacity: 595595-passengers per car-passengers per car Evolution of HSP in France:Evolution of HSP in France:LGVLGV »»TGVTGV »» AVGAVG
France HSR - TGVFrance HSR - TGVThalys first generation= TGV RéseauDesigned for internationalservice to Belgium and theNetherlands (BrusselsAmsterdam)TGV - PSETGV- Atlantique/Réseau500 TGV trainsets500 TGV trainsetsin servicein service
France HSR -TGVFrance HSR -TGVTGV-2NTGV – ESTDesigned to travel also inGermany and Switzerland onregular tracks
France HSR Next Generation:France HSR Next Generation: AGVAGVAGV Features:AGV Features:• Distributed power (Jacobs bogies)Distributed power (Jacobs bogies)• Synchronous magnet motorsSynchronous magnet motors• Reduced axle loads & improvedReduced axle loads & improvedaerodynamicsaerodynamics• Speeds toSpeeds to 350 mph350 mph
Germany HSR:Germany HSR:DBDB 11ststService in 1991Service in 1991 Network size:Network size:• 1,285 km in operation1,285 km in operation (800 mi.)(800 mi.)• 378 km under construction378 km under construction (230 mi.)(230 mi.)• 670 km in planning670 km in planning (420 mi.)(420 mi.) Speeds: 250 kphSpeeds: 250 kph (155 mph)(155 mph) 67 million annual riders67 million annual riders
Germany HSRGermany HSR Dedicated HSR trackDedicated HSR track Grades up to 4%Grades up to 4% Follows the naturalFollows the naturaltopography (unique)topography (unique) Slab trackSlab track Speed: 300 kphSpeed: 300 kph(185 mph)(185 mph)
Italy HSR: FSItaly HSR: FSOpened in 1992Opened in 1992Network size :Network size :• 562 km in service (350 mi.)562 km in service (350 mi.)• 314 km under construction (195 mi.)314 km under construction (195 mi.)• 395 km in planning (250 mi.)395 km in planning (250 mi.)Speeds: 200-250 kphSpeeds: 200-250 kph(125 – 155 mph)(125 – 155 mph)
Italy HSR: Rolling StockItaly HSR: Rolling StockType Design Vmax Trains In ServiceETR 500 (P) Ansaldo/Bombardier300 kph (185mph) 60 1982
Spain HSR:Spain HSR: RENFERENFEOpened in 1992Opened in 1992Network size:Network size:• In service: 1,594 kmIn service: 1,594 km (990 mi.)(990 mi.)• Under constr.: 2,219 km (Under constr.: 2,219 km (1,375 mi.)1,375 mi.)• Planned: 1,702 kmPlanned: 1,702 km (1,055 mi.)(1,055 mi.)Separated trackswith different gauge90 trainsetsMax. speed: 300 kph(185 mph)
Spain HSR:Spain HSR:Rolling StockRolling StockAVE S 100 (Alstom)AVE S 102Talgo /BombardierAVE S 103(SiemensICE-3)
Western EuropeWestern EuropePassengerPassengerRail NetworkRail Network
Future HSR SystemsFuture HSR Systems Argentina: Buenos Aires-Rosario (195 mi.)Argentina: Buenos Aires-Rosario (195 mi.) Brazil: Rio de Janeiro-Sao Paulo (310 mi.)Brazil: Rio de Janeiro-Sao Paulo (310 mi.) Morocco: Marrakech-Tanger (420 mi.)Morocco: Marrakech-Tanger (420 mi.) Turkey: Ankarra-Istanbul-Konya (460 mi.);Turkey: Ankarra-Istanbul-Konya (460 mi.);other Turkish lines (1,040 mi.)other Turkish lines (1,040 mi.) Saudi Arabia: Medina-Mecca (340 mi.)Saudi Arabia: Medina-Mecca (340 mi.) Portugal: various lines (625 mi.)Portugal: various lines (625 mi.) Poland: various lines (440 mi.)Poland: various lines (440 mi.) USA!USA!
USA HSR (The Present)USA HSR (The Present)AMTRAK Northeast Corridor LineAMTRAK Northeast Corridor LineAcelaAcela (tilt trains) in operation since(tilt trains) in operation since2000; Boston to Washington, D.C.2000; Boston to Washington, D.C.Speed:150 mph max;Speed:150 mph max; 125125 mph typ.mph typ.
Acela Facts:Acela Facts:3.2 million riders/yr.3.2 million riders/yr.8,820 riders/day8,820 riders/day20 trains/day20 trains/day456 mile route456 mile route
ACELA Facts:ACELA Facts: ACELA accounts for 37%ACELA accounts for 37%of NY to Boston non-carof NY to Boston non-carbusiness travelbusiness travelACELA earns $4.4 billionACELA earns $4.4 billionper year in revenuesper year in revenuesACELA is 1 of only 2 profitableACELA is 1 of only 2 profitableAmtrak routes.Amtrak routes.
USA HSRUSA HSRThe FutureThe Future In 1991 and again in 1998,CongressIn 1991 and again in 1998,Congressauthorizedauthorized 11 regional HSR11 regional HSRcorridorscorridors. (Planning began!). (Planning began!) In 2009, Congress (via the ARRA)In 2009, Congress (via the ARRA)authorizedauthorized $8 billion$8 billion for HSRfor HSRplanning/construction.planning/construction. Also in 2009, FRA issued 1Also in 2009, FRA issued 1ststNationalNationalHSR Strategic PlanHSR Strategic Plan..
USA HSR VisionUSA HSR VisionHSR in TennesseeHSR in TennesseeNashville (2020)Nashville (2020)Chattanooga (2025)Chattanooga (2025)Memphis (2030)Memphis (2030)
Obama to call for $53B forObama to call for $53B forhigh-speed railhigh-speed railWASHINGTON – President Barack Obama is calling for aWASHINGTON – President Barack Obama is calling for asix-year,six-year, $53 billion$53 billion spending plan for high-spending plan for high-speed rail, as he seeks to use infrastructure spendingspeed rail, as he seeks to use infrastructure spendingto jump-start job creation.to jump-start job creation.An initialAn initial $8 billion$8 billion in spending will be part of thein spending will be part of thebudget plan Obama is set to release Monday. Ifbudget plan Obama is set to release Monday. IfCongress approves the plan, the money would goCongress approves the plan, the money would gotoward developing or improving trains that travel uptoward developing or improving trains that travel upto 250 mph, and connecting existing rail lines to newto 250 mph, and connecting existing rail lines to newprojects.projects.By JULIE PACE, Associated Press Julie Pace, Associated PressBy JULIE PACE, Associated Press Julie Pace, Associated Press ––Tue Feb 8, 2011Tue Feb 8, 2011 4:39 pm ET4:39 pm ET
USA HSR VisionUSA HSR VisionCalifornia HSRCalifornia HSRCorridorCorridor
CaliforniaHSRCorridorCaliforniaHSRCorridorTotal length:Total length:790 miles790 milesSacramentoSacramentoToToSan DiegoSan Diego
Cal. HSR vs. Highways/AirportsCal. HSR vs. Highways/AirportsMeasuresMeasuresOfOfEffectivenessEffectivenessHighway/AirportHighway/AirportAlternatives:Alternatives:3,000 added lanes-miles of3,000 added lanes-miles offreeway and equiv. 2 newfreeway and equiv. 2 newinternational airportsinternational airportsCalifornia HSRCalifornia HSRAlternative:Alternative:790 miles of California HSR790 miles of California HSRCostCost $100 Billion$100 Billion $40 Billion$40 BillionCapacityCapacity OK to 2050OK to 2050 OK to 2100OK to 2100EnergyEnergy 22 million barrels/yr22 million barrels/yrof petroleumof petroleumcompared to HSRcompared to HSRBaseBase(1/5 the energy of a car(1/5 the energy of a car& 1/3 the energy of a& 1/3 the energy of aplane per seat/mile)plane per seat/mile)PollutionPollution 18 billion more lbs/yr18 billion more lbs/yrof COof CO22 than HSRthan HSRBaseBaseSafetySafety 100’s killed per yr. on100’s killed per yr. oncomparable highwaycomparable highwayroutesroutes‘‘0’ fatalities0’ fatalities(45 yrs. of Japan & 25+ yrs.(45 yrs. of Japan & 25+ yrs.of France HSR systems.)of France HSR systems.)
California HSR Ridership SourcesProjected annual ridership:Projected annual ridership: 93 million93 million
Safer, more reliable than highway or air travel. Quick, predictable travel times that would besustainable over time. Lower passenger costs than air or auto travel. Additional capacity for future generations. Decreased energy consumption, reduced airpollution, and reduced reliance on petroleum. Would cost 2 to 3 times less and have fewerenvironmental impacts than expanding highwaysand airports to meet future demands.California HSR BenefitsCalifornia HSR Benefits
California HSR BenefitsCalifornia HSR BenefitsCalifornia HSR BenefitsCalifornia HSR Benefits 160,000 construction-related jobs. 450,000 new permanent jobs by 2035. B/C Ratio > 2
California HSR ProjectCalifornia HSR Project Authorized by state legislation in 1996.Authorized by state legislation in 1996. California HSR Authority created.California HSR Authority created.• Nine-member board - 5 appointed byNine-member board - 5 appointed byGovernor, 2 by State Senate, 2 by StateGovernor, 2 by State Senate, 2 by StateAssembly.Assembly. Budget expended in state/federalBudget expended in state/federalfunds: $70Million to date.funds: $70Million to date. Projected completion date: 2020-2030Projected completion date: 2020-2030
California HSR ProjectCalifornia HSR ProjectProgress to DateProgress to Date Operations and Business PlansOperations and Business Plansdeveloped & approved.developed & approved. Program Level EnvironmentalProgram Level EnvironmentalClearance certified on July 9,Clearance certified on July 9,2008.2008. Detailed Route Planning &Detailed Route Planning &Design underway.Design underway. Right-of-way being purchased.Right-of-way being purchased.
California HSR Fiscal SummaryCalifornia HSR Fiscal Summary Projected cost for design, constructionProjected cost for design, constructionand rolling stock – $ 40 Billionand rolling stock – $ 40 Billion• Federal - $12 - $16 BillionFederal - $12 - $16 Billion• State - $9 BillionState - $9 Billion• Public/private partnership - $6.5 - $7.5 BillionPublic/private partnership - $6.5 - $7.5 Billion• Local cost sharing - $2 - $3 BillionLocal cost sharing - $2 - $3 Billion• Private & Other - $4.5 – $11.5 BillionPrivate & Other - $4.5 – $11.5 Billion Expected performance of 790-mileExpected performance of 790-mileCalifornia HSR system:California HSR system:• Ridership – 93 Million annuallyRidership – 93 Million annually• Gross annual revenue - $3.6 BillionGross annual revenue - $3.6 Billion• Annual Net after O&M - $2.0 BillionAnnual Net after O&M - $2.0 Billion
62•Program Management: Parsons Brinckerhoff, with SYSTRA, Cordoba,KDG Group, Cambridge Systematics & 12 specialty groups• Financial Planning: IMG, Barclays, Sperry Capital• Regional Engineering & Environmental Work:• Hatch Mott MacDonald/USR/Arup JV, with Consensus Planning Group & 9other specialty groups• STV Inc., with UltraSystems Environmental, & 4 specialty groups• HNTB/CH2M HILL, with Arellano Associates, Katz & Associates• URS/HMM/Arup JV, Forhan Co., VRPA Technologies, & 5 other specialtygroups• AECOM/CH2MHILL, with Circle Point, and 2 specialty groups• AECOM, with EarthTech, EDAW, Jones & Stokes, HNTB & 2 other specialtygroups• HNTB, with AECOM, PBS&J, & 5 other specialty groups• Parsons, with Jones & Stokes, HDR Engineering, Circle Point, & 11 otherspecialty groups• Visual Simulation: NC3D, and 3 specialty groups•90 Consultant Groups on CAHSR Project
Program ManagementEngineeringKen Jong, PBInfrastructureJohn Chirco, PE, PBElect / Train ControlsEric Scotson, PBOperations / Maint.Paul Mosier, PBRolling StockFrank Banko, PBRegulatory ApprovalsVlad Kanevskiy, PBVisual SimsDonald Newlands,Newlands and Co.OperationsNick Brand,SYSTRAProgram DirectorTony Daniels,Parsons BrinkerhoffEnvironmentalSteven Wolf, PBDISCIPLINE MANAGERS REGIONAL MANAGERSAltamontSan Franciso to San JoseDominic Spaethling, PBSJ to Central ValleyGary Kennerley, PBSacramento to FresnoFresno to PalmdaleTom Tracy, PE, PBPalmdale to LAAnaheim to LABruce Armistead, PBLA to San DiegoJose Martinez, PE,Cordoba Corp.CommunicationsKris Deutschman,KDC GroupFinancialSasha Page,IMG Group
64Program ManagementDominic SpaethlingSF to San JoseTim Cobb, PE, HNTBAltamontBrent Ogden, AECOMGary KennerlySJ to Central ValleyDave Mansen, ParsonsTom Tracy, PEFresno to PalmdaleBob Schaevitz,URS/HatchMott/ARUPSac to FresnoKen Sislak, AECOMJose Martinez, PELA to San DiegoMike Zdon, HNTBBruce Armistead, PELA to AnaheimEugene Kim, STVPalmdale to LADan Tempelis,Hatch Mott/URS.ARUP
Contact InformationContact InformationCalifornia High-Speed RailCalifornia High-Speed RailAuthorityAuthority925 L Street, Suite 1425925 L Street, Suite 1425Sacramento, CA 95814Sacramento, CA 95814Telephone (916) 324-1541Telephone (916) 324-1541Fax (916) 322-0827Fax (916) 322-0827www.cahighspeedrail.ca.govwww.cahighspeedrail.ca.gov
Get Ready.Get Ready.It’s coming!It’s coming!March 4, 2011 1:19 PMHigh speed rail project officially dies in Florida,sending rail money to other statesPlans to build a high speed rail line between Tampa andOrlando died Friday, when the Florida Supreme Court sidedwith Republican Gov. Rick Scott, who has argued he has noobligation to accept federal funding for the project.The 84-mile rail line was expected to be a highlight of theObama administrations infrastructure investments, but thenew Republican governor turned down the $2.4 billion infederal funds allocated for the project. Department ofTransportation Secretary Ray LaHood had tried to convinceScott to take the money, but in a statement today, LaHoodconfirmed the money will now go to other states investing inhigh speed rail.