California Sea Lion
The Very playful california Sea Lion or the
Zalophus Californianus lives in the Rocky
Coastal area. It’s life span can come up to
30 years! This mammal goes hunting for
30 hours taking 4-5 minute dives. They eat
shellfish, fish and squid. They live in big
groups called Rookeries and when they
mate they mate in those groups by the
Coastal Rocky shores or in man made
structures . The males grow up to be 850
p0unds and the females are 220 pounds
you can identify the california Sea Lion by
their Chocolate brown skin. Want to know
a cool thing about the California Sea Lion
They are about as tall as a full grown
Here is picture of
a Baby California
This is a
Sea Lion with
SealThe Elephant Seal’s scientific name is Mirounga and they are identified as
Earless Seals. They are found in California and Baja California. And they
like to eat fish, but they also eat other types of seafood. Male seals eat
various food like octopuses, small sharks, rays, other bottom-dwelling
fish. But female seals mostly eat squid. Male seals can grow to 20 feet and
weigh 8,800 pounds. But female seals grow up to 10 feet and weigh up to
1,500 pounds. Adults could grow over 13 feet and weigh up to 4,500
pounds. And also Elephant Seals are the largest seals in the world and
can live to 23 years. They are called pinnipeds because they have four
flippers. Elephant Seal life span is different for each gender. For female
they live up to 19-20 years, but for male, they live only up to 13-14 years.
Female seals give birth in late winter to a single pup each year. Elephant
Seal might look big but they are fast, they can swim 10-15 miles per
hour.They use their whiskers which are called vibrissae to help locate
their food. Elephant Seal communicate different ways like belches, grunts,
snorts, whimpering, squeals, screams, and hisses. They make really deep
dives and hold their breathe for 25-30 minutes for an average, dive a deep
they hold their breathe for 80 minutes. Pups have black fur until 6 weeks
and they turn silver. Adult seals are brown or gray. They put sand on
themselves to keep cool in the sun. Elephant Seals get their name from
out for her
Great Blue Heron
The Great Blue Heron or Ardea herodias is a majestic sight. The
Great Blue Heron lives along the shallow waters along the edges
of rivers, lakes, and marshes across the Great Lakes Region. The
oldest Great Heron to live was 23 years old, they usually don’t
live that long. The average lifespan of the Great Blue Heron is 15
years old. This bird eats all kinds of fish, frogs, salamanders,
lizards, snakes, grasshoppers, dragonflies, large aquatic insects,
crustaceans, shrews, mice and other small rodents. Great Blue
Herons have one date per breeding season. They breed from
March to May in the Northern part of their range, and November
through April in the Southern hemisphere. Females usually lay
between 2 and 7 pale-blue eggs. Both parents take turn taking
care of the eggs, and the eggs hatch after 26 to 30 days. After
living in the nest for about 2 months, the *chicks are ready to go
from there parents. They are usually ready to reproduce when
they are about 22 months old. Great Blue Herons stand
approximately 60cm tall and are 97 to 137cm long. They weigh
2.1 to 2.5 kg. You can identify a Great Blue Heron by its long
feathers, long wings, long pointed bill, and short tail. There bills
are a yellowish color, there legs are yellowish-green, to gray,
with a gray upper body. There necks are *streaked with white,
black, and rust-brown.They have gray feathers of the back of
their necks, and chestnut colored feathers on their thighs. They
feature a plume of black feathers that start behind their eyes,
*chicks- chicks is another
word for babies/ kids
*streaked- means lines all
over the something
looking out for
of a Great
The Great Egret lives in many places.
Some are freshwater, saltwater, ponds,
streams and mudflats. Its lifespan comes
up to 15 years and reproduces around the
age of 2-3 years in the the tall trees near
water. There are soon eggs each nest
each nests has about 3-4 eggs the cute
babies learn to fly in 6-7 weeks.The
majestic animal can be as tall as half of a
full grown man and Its weight is 2.2 lbs or
1 kg ! The carnivorous bird’s diet includes
frogs, salamanders snakes, and other
small animals. Here is a fun facts about
the great egret, Its weight is 1/70 of a full
grown man which is 1 kilogram!
Here is a picture
of a mother egret
with her small baby
Here is ano
Picture of a great
SealThe Harbor Seal or Phoca Vitulina is a
cute looking animal. Harbor Seals live in
the Coastal regions of the North Pacific
and Atlantic Oceans, they also live in the
Arctic region. They can live up to be 30
years old. In size, an average male is 63
inches long, a female is 58 inches long,
and a pup (baby) is 32 inches long.
Harbor seals eat crustaceans, squid, fish,
and mollusks. You can identify a Harbor
Seals by its range of color from silver to
red with dark and light spots. Males are
mature at the age 3 to 7 years and reach
the weight of 165lbs, and female are
mature at the age 3 to 6 and reach the
weight of 110 lbs. The pregnancy time is
from 9 to 11 months. Pups are born
Seal on Ice.
engage in rest
Days old harbor
seal pup found
on beach alone
Harbor Seal looking toward you
The mission blue butterfly also known as the
Icaricia Icarioides missionensis lives in the coastal
grassland habitat. The mission blue butterflies diet
is nectar. The life cycle for a mission blue butterfly
is after hatching, a caterpillar starts to eat a plant.
The caterpillar sheds its skin several times during
this stage. It looks for a sheltered spot, then spins
it self up with silken threads and sheds its skin
one last time revealing skin that will harden from
the chrysalis or the pupa. Six to 10 days later a
fully developed winged adult emerges from the
chrysalis and the cycle starts all over again. One
of the special things about the mission blue
butterfly is that it is rare and endangered. The
predators for the mission blue butterfly are wasps,
A mission blue butterfly resting on a leaf
A mission blue butterfly drinking nectar.
San Bruno Elfin Butterfly
The San Bruno Elfin butterfly known as
Incisalia Mossii bayensis lives on the
Coastal grasslands, Coastal scrubs and
Rocky soils. The butterfly drinks the
nectar from the coastal flower as there
food. The butterfly can grow up to be 22-
24 mm. They start mating in february
and march when the flowers are full of
nectar!If you want to see these butterflies
you can go to San Bruno mountain, San
Mateo county or San francisco Peninsula
also known as Marin headlands. Sadly,
The San Bruno Butterfly is endangered It
was listed Endangered in 1976.
Here is a
picture of a
Here is a
picture of the
The Sea Otter or the Enhydra Lutris is normally found near
the shallow coastal waters off the Pacific Ocean.The
normal lifespan for a female is around 15 to 20 years. The
normal lifespan for a male is 10 to 15 years. For
reproduction, they have mating season the whole
year.The female normally have pregnancy for 6 to 8
months. A female sea otter normally has one pup or a
baby sea otter, but she can also have twins or two babies.
Sea otters have the diet of urchins, abalone,mussels,
clams, crabs, snails, and about 40 other marine
species.Sea otters grow up to about four feet. Their weight
for female is 45 pounds, and the male go to about 65
pounds. The identification for a sea otter is: A layer of far
apart guard hairs overlays the underfur.Sea otters are
completely covered with fur except for the nose pads,the
inside of the ear flaps and the pads on the bottom of the
feet. The color of the fur is from dark brown, to reddish
brown. Older sea otters become *grizzled, with the fur
around the head, neck, and shoulders almost becoming
A sea otter eating food
A sea otter resting
*Grizzled means having streaked or with gray hair.
The Snowy Egret
The snowy egret or Egretta Thula [its
scientific name] is not a common sight but
a beautiful one. It is a threatened species
and lives near coastal or marshy areas. A
baby egret is born out of a bluegreen egg
and leaves the nest after 20-25 days to go
out on its own. It takes both parents to
incubate the eggs and that means not
much food. A snowy egret eats almost
anything that is a small aquatic creature
or water plant.This includes of shrimp,
crayfish, fiddler crab, snakes, snails and
frogs. The lifespan is about 16 years and
is a medium sized heron.It is about 20-27
inches long and is 41 inches long in
wingspan. It is 13 ounces and you can
identify it with its slender,black beak and
yellow feet and it is much smaller than the
3 newly hatched
The Beach Grass or Ammophila
breviligulata looks just like grass. Beach
Grass spreads along the entire *foredunes
of the Long Beach Peninsula. It now fronts
most foredunes, from the mouth of the
Columbia River to the mouth of the
Copalis. Beach Grass lives forever, but
needs Sandy conditions to live. Beach
Grass spreads by the winter currents. The
foredunes are about 9 feet high. Each
blade of Beach Grass in height is 2 to 4
A beautiful view of Beach
Beach Grass near the Beach
*foredunes- part of a system of
sand dunes, on the nearest
side to the sea
The Beach Morning Glory’s scientific name is
Ipomoea Pes-Caprae and is also known as
Goat’s Foot or Railroad Vine. They live by
ocean shores, by the sea near the sand area,
and railroads so sometimes they are called
railroad vines. The Beach Morning Glory plant
grows a height between 4in.-6 inches, the stems
might crawl along the floor to 75 feet. The
leaves are less 6 inches, 2.5-4 inches long .
Beach Morning Glory plants lived for a long
time like five years. There are small, round seed
pods that contain seeds the color velvet, dark
brown. These seeds will appear on the plant
after flowering. Then the seeds flow and end up
by the sea. The leaves are shaped like a goat or
horse foot. The Beach Morning Glory plant
opens up in the morning and closes back up by
the afternoon. The plant can be used differently,
two pink beach
one purple beach
The Beach Strawberry scientific name is
Fragaria Chiloensis, and is also known as
Pacific Beach Strawberry or Sandwich Beach
Strawberry. They can be found on ocean
beaches on the sand near the ocean. Dunes,
grasslands, coastal prairie, herbs, Or by the
Ocean, at the border of North and South
America. Beach Strawberry plants can grow
from 0-1 foot. Its lifespan is moderate. They
spread by seed or leafless stolons. Beach
Strawberry produce small red berries similar
to strawberries, and blooms April to August.
Beach Strawberry has three green, sharp,
oval leaves with waxy texture, that helps
keep the plant moisture. The edible part of
the plant is the fruit. Beach Strawberry
This light yellow Bermuda Buttercup also
known as Buttercup Oxalis it can grow in
many places some are Vineyards,
gardens, Urban areas, and turfs. This
plant does not have seeds in California ,
so had does it grow there? It grows from
bulbs, These small bulbs stay dormant
through winter and finally bloom in
spring. These flowers reproduce by
people replanting and the bulbs. These
plants only bloom on time in the year .
Want to know some fun facts? The
Bermuda Buttercup come in groups of 20
or less and it spread’s really fast, add 1
and you will have 10 in a few days!
Bermuda ButtercupThis is a picture
This is a picture of
a Double Bermuda
European Dune Grass
European dune grass might seem
like the most boring thing in the world but
its quite interesting. It is not a native plants
and obviously is from Europe. The plant and
a few other dune grasses stabilize the
dunes and european dune grasses stabilize
them the most . The dunes that are
stabilized by this plant can grow up to 14
feet. The european dune grass can grow up
to 3 feet tall and is a green, slender, tall
grass. It resides on sandy shores especially
in the west coast of the United
States[California, Washington, and Oregon].
The life cycle of the european dune grass is
perennial and it got in the U.s.a during 1896.
Because it was non-native it spread like
European dune grass on the
The ice plant or the Carpobrotus Edulis is found at the
California coasts. The ice plant needs full sun and
prefers a sharply-drained soil. The ice plant is identified
by its three sided leaves. Each side is 4-5 inches long.
The spring flowers are 2-6 inches across,and are
colored white, yellow, pink, or deep magenta. The ice
plant is not native to marin headlands. It was originally
brought to California in the 1900’s for stabilizing soil
around the railroad tracks. The seed for the ice plant
also looks like powder. Ice plant is not endangered, and
it is alive all year long. All aphids and mealy bugs eat
the ice plant flower. Some tips on growing ice plant are
that the ice plant will tolerate sandy or gravelly soils
well, but will not tolerate *compacted, heavy, or clay
soils. Some uses for the ice plant is they look great
growing in rock gardens, rock walls, flower boxes, and
hanging baskets all around the house.
*exert force on (something) to make it more dense; compress.
A yellow ice plant
A magenta ice plant
The gum plant or the Grindelia Stricta Venusola is
found near the California coast. It is a beautiful sight
because it is also alive all year. It is called the gum
plant because it is covered with a *resinous
substance giving it a sticky gum-like *varnished
appearance. Some interesting facts about the gum
that the gum plant has many different names. Two of
those names are the Broad-leafed gum plant and the
The gum plant is also used as a herb. The gum plant
is threatened, so we all should work to save the gum
plant together. The gum plant is also native to marin
headlands and the reproduction happens with the
seeds that are in the middle of the gum plant.
*Resinous: Full of or contaning
a closed gum plant
A open gum plant on a beach in California
The sand verbena is a beautiful
common sight on the beach in marin
headlands. It only grows in dry sand
like desert sand and beach sand [away
from the water] . The yellow sand
verbena is a coastal plant and is a
common sight in marin headlands. It
has a *perennial life cycle and blooms
in the spring and summer. It has a
height of 1-4 inches and the stalk is
only 1-3 inches long. The leaves are
thick and rounded and are 1-2 inches
across. The flowers are ¼-½ inches
large. You can identify this plant
because of its bright yellow and the
*perennial means year
pink sea fig plant
pink sea fig plant
shining in the sun
The Sea Fig scientific name is
Carpobrotus Chilensis, or also
commonly known as Ice PLant. It’s
habitat is in the sand and is native to
South Africa. The Sea Fig plant uses
full sun and is a showy plant. The Sea
Fig plant is about 6-12 inches and the
leaves are 1.5-2.7 inches. It lived for a
*perennial time. The Sea Fig plant
usually blooms May through July,
spring and summer. It stores food in
its swollen leaves. The Sea Fig plant
grows low covering the ground. It is
the color rose-magenta, pink color.
This plant is part of the Mustard Family and its scientific
name is Cakile. The Sea Rocket covers large areas of land at
coastal lands. Sea Rocket has 4 lavender to white petals, 4
green sepals, 6 stamens. The Sea Rocket is a Summer plant
and usually about 6 to 20 inches tall. Sea Rockets flowers
bloom in mid fall to mid summer, and last about 3 months.
Reproduction is done by pollenation. Which is where bees,
beetles, and fleas take pollen and take it to different flowers
in the plant( sea rocket). This plant can be identified by its
juicy leaves and unusual placement of seapods. The Sea
Rocket is found on the Atlantic Coast and around the Great
Lakes.The Sea Rocket originated in Europe, and apparently
in California in the 1930s.
Sea Rocket picture
Silver Beach Weed
Silver beach weed is a
common native plant at Marin
Headlands. It has has many other
names such as the silver beach burr
and e.t.c.. Its scientific name is
Ambrosia Chamissonis. The silver
beach weed plant has a perennial
life cycle and identified by its highly
dissected, pale colored, curvy
leaves and the light foliage collects
sunlight. It also is on the coast.
silver beach weed
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Divyani’s pIctures Part 2
MIssion Blue Butterfly-
Top picture: http://i.images.cdn.fotopedia.com/flickr-
Mission Blue Butterfly
Thank you slide:
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