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15 keerthana, surbhi, rachana, divyani, divija's guidebook


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Marin Headlands Guidebook

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15 keerthana, surbhi, rachana, divyani, divija's guidebook

  1. 1. Marin Headlands Guidebook By: Keerthana, Surbhi, Rachana, Divyani, and Divija
  2. 2. Contents Animals California Sea Lion Elephant Seal Great Blue Heron Great Egret Harbor Seal Mission Blue Butterfly San Bruno Elfin Butterfly Sea Otter Snowy Egret Plants Beach Grass Beach Morning Glory Beach Strawberry Bermuda Buttercups European Dune Grass Ice Plant Gum Plant Sand Verbena Sea Fig Sea Rocket Silver Beach Weed
  3. 3. Animals
  4. 4. California Sea Lion The Very playful california Sea Lion or the Zalophus Californianus lives in the Rocky Coastal area. It’s life span can come up to 30 years! This mammal goes hunting for 30 hours taking 4-5 minute dives. They eat shellfish, fish and squid. They live in big groups called Rookeries and when they mate they mate in those groups by the Coastal Rocky shores or in man made structures . The males grow up to be 850 p0unds and the females are 220 pounds you can identify the california Sea Lion by their Chocolate brown skin. Want to know a cool thing about the California Sea Lion They are about as tall as a full grown man! Here is picture of a Baby California Sea Lion! This is a picture of a California Sea Lion with her baby.
  5. 5. Elephant SealThe Elephant Seal’s scientific name is Mirounga and they are identified as Earless Seals. They are found in California and Baja California. And they like to eat fish, but they also eat other types of seafood. Male seals eat various food like octopuses, small sharks, rays, other bottom-dwelling fish. But female seals mostly eat squid. Male seals can grow to 20 feet and weigh 8,800 pounds. But female seals grow up to 10 feet and weigh up to 1,500 pounds. Adults could grow over 13 feet and weigh up to 4,500 pounds. And also Elephant Seals are the largest seals in the world and can live to 23 years. They are called pinnipeds because they have four flippers. Elephant Seal life span is different for each gender. For female they live up to 19-20 years, but for male, they live only up to 13-14 years. Female seals give birth in late winter to a single pup each year. Elephant Seal might look big but they are fast, they can swim 10-15 miles per hour.They use their whiskers which are called vibrissae to help locate their food. Elephant Seal communicate different ways like belches, grunts, snorts, whimpering, squeals, screams, and hisses. They make really deep dives and hold their breathe for 25-30 minutes for an average, dive a deep they hold their breathe for 80 minutes. Pups have black fur until 6 weeks and they turn silver. Adult seals are brown or gray. They put sand on themselves to keep cool in the sun. Elephant Seals get their name from father seal sleeping with his baby father looking out for her children
  6. 6. Great Blue Heron The Great Blue Heron or Ardea herodias is a majestic sight. The Great Blue Heron lives along the shallow waters along the edges of rivers, lakes, and marshes across the Great Lakes Region. The oldest Great Heron to live was 23 years old, they usually don’t live that long. The average lifespan of the Great Blue Heron is 15 years old. This bird eats all kinds of fish, frogs, salamanders, lizards, snakes, grasshoppers, dragonflies, large aquatic insects, crustaceans, shrews, mice and other small rodents. Great Blue Herons have one date per breeding season. They breed from March to May in the Northern part of their range, and November through April in the Southern hemisphere. Females usually lay between 2 and 7 pale-blue eggs. Both parents take turn taking care of the eggs, and the eggs hatch after 26 to 30 days. After living in the nest for about 2 months, the *chicks are ready to go from there parents. They are usually ready to reproduce when they are about 22 months old. Great Blue Herons stand approximately 60cm tall and are 97 to 137cm long. They weigh 2.1 to 2.5 kg. You can identify a Great Blue Heron by its long feathers, long wings, long pointed bill, and short tail. There bills are a yellowish color, there legs are yellowish-green, to gray, with a gray upper body. There necks are *streaked with white, black, and rust-brown.They have gray feathers of the back of their necks, and chestnut colored feathers on their thighs. They feature a plume of black feathers that start behind their eyes, *chicks- chicks is another word for babies/ kids *streaked- means lines all over the something Finall y found Fish looking out for prey My sketch of a Great Blue Heron
  7. 7. Great Egret The Great Egret lives in many places. Some are freshwater, saltwater, ponds, streams and mudflats. Its lifespan comes up to 15 years and reproduces around the age of 2-3 years in the the tall trees near water. There are soon eggs each nest each nests has about 3-4 eggs the cute babies learn to fly in 6-7 weeks.The majestic animal can be as tall as half of a full grown man and Its weight is 2.2 lbs or 1 kg ! The carnivorous bird’s diet includes frogs, salamanders snakes, and other small animals. Here is a fun facts about the great egret, Its weight is 1/70 of a full grown man which is 1 kilogram! Here is a picture of a mother egret with her small baby Egrets. Here is ano Picture of a great egret
  8. 8. Harbor SealThe Harbor Seal or Phoca Vitulina is a cute looking animal. Harbor Seals live in the Coastal regions of the North Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, they also live in the Arctic region. They can live up to be 30 years old. In size, an average male is 63 inches long, a female is 58 inches long, and a pup (baby) is 32 inches long. Harbor seals eat crustaceans, squid, fish, and mollusks. You can identify a Harbor Seals by its range of color from silver to red with dark and light spots. Males are mature at the age 3 to 7 years and reach the weight of 165lbs, and female are mature at the age 3 to 6 and reach the weight of 110 lbs. The pregnancy time is from 9 to 11 months. Pups are born Adult Harbor Seal on Ice. Two harbor seals (Dining and Billiard) engage in rest and relaxation Days old harbor seal pup found on beach alone Harbor Seal looking toward you
  9. 9. The mission blue butterfly also known as the Icaricia Icarioides missionensis lives in the coastal grassland habitat. The mission blue butterflies diet is nectar. The life cycle for a mission blue butterfly is after hatching, a caterpillar starts to eat a plant. The caterpillar sheds its skin several times during this stage. It looks for a sheltered spot, then spins it self up with silken threads and sheds its skin one last time revealing skin that will harden from the chrysalis or the pupa. Six to 10 days later a fully developed winged adult emerges from the chrysalis and the cycle starts all over again. One of the special things about the mission blue butterfly is that it is rare and endangered. The predators for the mission blue butterfly are wasps, A mission blue butterfly resting on a leaf A mission blue butterfly drinking nectar.
  10. 10. San Bruno Elfin Butterfly The San Bruno Elfin butterfly known as Incisalia Mossii bayensis lives on the Coastal grasslands, Coastal scrubs and Rocky soils. The butterfly drinks the nectar from the coastal flower as there food. The butterfly can grow up to be 22- 24 mm. They start mating in february and march when the flowers are full of nectar!If you want to see these butterflies you can go to San Bruno mountain, San Mateo county or San francisco Peninsula also known as Marin headlands. Sadly, The San Bruno Butterfly is endangered It was listed Endangered in 1976. Here is a picture of a caterpillar of the San Bruno Elfin butterfly Here is a picture of the San Bruno Butterfly
  11. 11. Sea Otter The Sea Otter or the Enhydra Lutris is normally found near the shallow coastal waters off the Pacific Ocean.The normal lifespan for a female is around 15 to 20 years. The normal lifespan for a male is 10 to 15 years. For reproduction, they have mating season the whole year.The female normally have pregnancy for 6 to 8 months. A female sea otter normally has one pup or a baby sea otter, but she can also have twins or two babies. Sea otters have the diet of urchins, abalone,mussels, clams, crabs, snails, and about 40 other marine species.Sea otters grow up to about four feet. Their weight for female is 45 pounds, and the male go to about 65 pounds. The identification for a sea otter is: A layer of far apart guard hairs overlays the underfur.Sea otters are completely covered with fur except for the nose pads,the inside of the ear flaps and the pads on the bottom of the feet. The color of the fur is from dark brown, to reddish brown. Older sea otters become *grizzled, with the fur around the head, neck, and shoulders almost becoming A sea otter eating food A sea otter resting *Grizzled means having streaked or with gray hair.
  12. 12. The Snowy Egret The snowy egret or Egretta Thula [its scientific name] is not a common sight but a beautiful one. It is a threatened species and lives near coastal or marshy areas. A baby egret is born out of a bluegreen egg and leaves the nest after 20-25 days to go out on its own. It takes both parents to incubate the eggs and that means not much food. A snowy egret eats almost anything that is a small aquatic creature or water plant.This includes of shrimp, crayfish, fiddler crab, snakes, snails and frogs. The lifespan is about 16 years and is a medium sized heron.It is about 20-27 inches long and is 41 inches long in wingspan. It is 13 ounces and you can identify it with its slender,black beak and yellow feet and it is much smaller than the Flying female snowy egret Male snowy egret showing off 3 newly hatched egret
  13. 13. Plants
  14. 14. Beach Grass The Beach Grass or Ammophila breviligulata looks just like grass. Beach Grass spreads along the entire *foredunes of the Long Beach Peninsula. It now fronts most foredunes, from the mouth of the Columbia River to the mouth of the Copalis. Beach Grass lives forever, but needs Sandy conditions to live. Beach Grass spreads by the winter currents. The foredunes are about 9 feet high. Each blade of Beach Grass in height is 2 to 4 feet. A beautiful view of Beach Grass Beach Grass near the Beach *foredunes- part of a system of sand dunes, on the nearest side to the sea
  15. 15. Beach Morning Glory The Beach Morning Glory’s scientific name is Ipomoea Pes-Caprae and is also known as Goat’s Foot or Railroad Vine. They live by ocean shores, by the sea near the sand area, and railroads so sometimes they are called railroad vines. The Beach Morning Glory plant grows a height between 4in.-6 inches, the stems might crawl along the floor to 75 feet. The leaves are less 6 inches, 2.5-4 inches long . Beach Morning Glory plants lived for a long time like five years. There are small, round seed pods that contain seeds the color velvet, dark brown. These seeds will appear on the plant after flowering. Then the seeds flow and end up by the sea. The leaves are shaped like a goat or horse foot. The Beach Morning Glory plant opens up in the morning and closes back up by the afternoon. The plant can be used differently, two pink beach morning glory pointing up one purple beach morning glory showing off
  16. 16. Beach Strawberry The Beach Strawberry scientific name is Fragaria Chiloensis, and is also known as Pacific Beach Strawberry or Sandwich Beach Strawberry. They can be found on ocean beaches on the sand near the ocean. Dunes, grasslands, coastal prairie, herbs, Or by the Ocean, at the border of North and South America. Beach Strawberry plants can grow from 0-1 foot. Its lifespan is moderate. They spread by seed or leafless stolons. Beach Strawberry produce small red berries similar to strawberries, and blooms April to August. Beach Strawberry has three green, sharp, oval leaves with waxy texture, that helps keep the plant moisture. The edible part of the plant is the fruit. Beach Strawberry beach strawberry opened up beach strawberry pointing upward
  17. 17. This light yellow Bermuda Buttercup also known as Buttercup Oxalis it can grow in many places some are Vineyards, gardens, Urban areas, and turfs. This plant does not have seeds in California , so had does it grow there? It grows from bulbs, These small bulbs stay dormant through winter and finally bloom in spring. These flowers reproduce by people replanting and the bulbs. These plants only bloom on time in the year . Want to know some fun facts? The Bermuda Buttercup come in groups of 20 or less and it spread’s really fast, add 1 and you will have 10 in a few days! Bermuda ButtercupThis is a picture of bermuda buttercup This is a picture of a Double Bermuda Buttercup
  18. 18. European Dune Grass European dune grass might seem like the most boring thing in the world but its quite interesting. It is not a native plants and obviously is from Europe. The plant and a few other dune grasses stabilize the dunes and european dune grasses stabilize them the most . The dunes that are stabilized by this plant can grow up to 14 feet. The european dune grass can grow up to 3 feet tall and is a green, slender, tall grass. It resides on sandy shores especially in the west coast of the United States[California, Washington, and Oregon]. The life cycle of the european dune grass is perennial and it got in the U.s.a during 1896. Because it was non-native it spread like European dune grass on the beach European dune grass European dune grass range
  19. 19. The ice plant or the Carpobrotus Edulis is found at the California coasts. The ice plant needs full sun and prefers a sharply-drained soil. The ice plant is identified by its three sided leaves. Each side is 4-5 inches long. The spring flowers are 2-6 inches across,and are colored white, yellow, pink, or deep magenta. The ice plant is not native to marin headlands. It was originally brought to California in the 1900’s for stabilizing soil around the railroad tracks. The seed for the ice plant also looks like powder. Ice plant is not endangered, and it is alive all year long. All aphids and mealy bugs eat the ice plant flower. Some tips on growing ice plant are that the ice plant will tolerate sandy or gravelly soils well, but will not tolerate *compacted, heavy, or clay soils. Some uses for the ice plant is they look great growing in rock gardens, rock walls, flower boxes, and hanging baskets all around the house. *exert force on (something) to make it more dense; compress. Ice Plant A yellow ice plant A magenta ice plant
  20. 20. Gum plant The gum plant or the Grindelia Stricta Venusola is found near the California coast. It is a beautiful sight because it is also alive all year. It is called the gum plant because it is covered with a *resinous substance giving it a sticky gum-like *varnished appearance. Some interesting facts about the gum plant are: that the gum plant has many different names. Two of those names are the Broad-leafed gum plant and the scary grindelia. The gum plant is also used as a herb. The gum plant is threatened, so we all should work to save the gum plant together. The gum plant is also native to marin headlands and the reproduction happens with the seeds that are in the middle of the gum plant. *Resinous: Full of or contaning a closed gum plant A open gum plant on a beach in California
  21. 21. Sand Verbena The sand verbena is a beautiful common sight on the beach in marin headlands. It only grows in dry sand like desert sand and beach sand [away from the water] . The yellow sand verbena is a coastal plant and is a common sight in marin headlands. It has a *perennial life cycle and blooms in the spring and summer. It has a height of 1-4 inches and the stalk is only 1-3 inches long. The leaves are thick and rounded and are 1-2 inches across. The flowers are ¼-½ inches large. You can identify this plant because of its bright yellow and the sand verbena in full bloom *perennial means year Sand verbena at the beach
  22. 22. Sea Fig pink sea fig plant pink sea fig plant shining in the sun The Sea Fig scientific name is Carpobrotus Chilensis, or also commonly known as Ice PLant. It’s habitat is in the sand and is native to South Africa. The Sea Fig plant uses full sun and is a showy plant. The Sea Fig plant is about 6-12 inches and the leaves are 1.5-2.7 inches. It lived for a *perennial time. The Sea Fig plant usually blooms May through July, spring and summer. It stores food in its swollen leaves. The Sea Fig plant grows low covering the ground. It is the color rose-magenta, pink color.
  23. 23. Sea-Rocket This plant is part of the Mustard Family and its scientific name is Cakile. The Sea Rocket covers large areas of land at coastal lands. Sea Rocket has 4 lavender to white petals, 4 green sepals, 6 stamens. The Sea Rocket is a Summer plant and usually about 6 to 20 inches tall. Sea Rockets flowers bloom in mid fall to mid summer, and last about 3 months. Reproduction is done by pollenation. Which is where bees, beetles, and fleas take pollen and take it to different flowers in the plant( sea rocket). This plant can be identified by its juicy leaves and unusual placement of seapods. The Sea Rocket is found on the Atlantic Coast and around the Great Lakes.The Sea Rocket originated in Europe, and apparently in California in the 1930s. Sea Rocket picture with flowers Sea Rocket Flowers
  24. 24. Silver Beach Weed Silver beach weed is a common native plant at Marin Headlands. It has has many other names such as the silver beach burr and e.t.c.. Its scientific name is Ambrosia Chamissonis. The silver beach weed plant has a perennial life cycle and identified by its highly dissected, pale colored, curvy leaves and the light foliage collects sunlight. It also is on the coast. silver beach weed
  25. 25. Rachana’s Bibliography Websites "Critter Catalog." BioKIDS. Web. 21 Mar. 2015. <>. " Sea Rocket (Cakile Edentula Lacustris)." Sea Rocket (Cakile Edentula Lacustris). Web. 25 Mar. 2015. < ket.html>. "National Marine Mammal Laboratory." National Marine Mammal Laboratory. Web. 17 Mar. 2015. < rbor.php>. "Harbor Seal." Harbor Seal. Macalester. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. < ml> "Essay - Sea Rocket." Essay - Sea Rocket. Beach Watchers. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. < t.htm>. "Critter Catalog." BioKIDS. BioKids. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. Pictures "File:Harbor Seal Mammal Phoca Vitulina.jpg." Wikimedia, 8 Jan. 2015. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. < hoca_vitulina.jpg>. "American Sea-rocket." Flickr. Yahoo! Web. 19 Mar. 2015. <>. "Re-ENERGIZE Buffalo." : LIVESTREAM: Great Blue Heron Nest at Cornell. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. < heron-nest-at.html>. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. < seals-receive-helping-hand-llnl-technology-newly-developed- diagnostic-device>. "Bumblebee - Our 2,000th Harbor Seal!" The Marine Mammal Center :. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. < Room/2013-news-archives/2000-harbor-seal-name- contest.html>. "Picture Of A Harbor Seal." I Alaska Travel Photos. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. < seal-8057-pictures.htm>. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. < manter.php>. "Great Blue Heron | Great Blue Heron Pictures | Herons of North American | Florida Birds | Birds." Great Blue Heron | Great Blue Heron Pictures | Herons of North American | Florida Birds | Birds. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. < blue-heron.html
  26. 26. Websites "beach Grass." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. 2014, and "marram Grass." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. 2014. "Beach Grass." HighBeam Research, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. <>. Rachana’s Bibliography Pictures "Beach Grass." Flickr. Yahoo!, 28 July 2011. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <>. "Sea Rocket Flower." Flickr. Yahoo!, 19 Jan. 2012. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. <>.
  27. 27. "Great Egret." Audubon. National Audubon Society, 13 Nov. 2014. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <>. "Great Egrets, Great Egret Pictures, Gray Egret Facts - National Geographic." National Geographic. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <>. "San Bruno Elfin Butterfly." Calendar RSS. Web. 17 Mar. 2015. <>. "To Protect Invertebrates!" The Xerces Society » Elfins: San Bruno Elfin (Callophrys Mossii Bayensis). Web. 17 Mar. 2015. <>. "How to Manage Pests." Creeping Woodsorrel and Bermuda Buttercup Management Guidelines--UC IPM. Web. 19-20 Mar. 2015. <>. "California Sea Lions, California Sea Lion Pictures, California Sea Lion Facts - National Geographic." National Geographic. Web. 20-23 Mar. 2015. < lion/>. "California Sea Lion." The Marine Mammal Center :. Web. 20 -23 Mar. 2015. <>. "Bermuda Buttercup (Buttercup Oxalis) (Oxalis Pes-caprae)." Weed Gallery: Buttercup Oxalis (Bermuda Buttercup)-UC Divyani’s Bibliography
  28. 28. "San Bruno Elfin Butterfly." Calendar RSS. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. < animals/endangered-species/san-bruno-elfin.html>. San Bruno Elfin Caterpillar "Baby Great Egrets at Gatorland." Dina's City Wildlife Adventures. 10 June 2012. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <>. Adult great Egret with it’s Small Egret "Cute News Picture of the Day | First News." Cute News Picture of the Day | First News. Web. 20-23 Mar. 2015. <>. Picture of baby California Sea Lion "California Sea Lion." Animal Spot. Web. 20-23 Mar. 2015. <>. Picture of California sea Lion with baby "Moss' Elfin." Moss' Elfin. Web. 17 Mar. 2015. <>. Picture of San Bruno Butterfly "Fables and Flora." Fables and Flora. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. <>. Bermuda Buttercup flower "Oxalis Pes-caprae - Bermuda Buttercup - (Oxalidaceae)." Oxalis Pes-caprae. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. <http://www.first->. -Double Bermuda Buttercup Divyani’s Pictures Part 1
  29. 29. "Great Egret." Untitled 1. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <>. Picture of great Egret Divyani’s pIctures Part 2
  30. 30. Website Sea otter- 1. 2. ea-otter/ 3. h/south ern-sea-otters MIssion Blue Butterfly- 1. animals/enngered-specdaies/Mission-blue- butterfly.html 2. 3. Butterfly.htm Surbhi’s bibliography (Animal) Picture Sea otter- Top picture: 2245417021- hd/Endangered_Species/Endangered/Sea_Otter/Sea_Otter.jpg Bottom picture: hd/Endangered_Species/Endangered/Sea_Otter/Adult_Sea_Ott er_Enhydra_lutris_in_Morro_Bay_CA.jpg Mission Blue Butterfly Top picture- Bottom picture- g Thank you slide: content/uploads/2014/11/thank- you.jpg#thank%20you%202190x877
  31. 31. Surbhi’s Bibliography (plant) Website Ice Plant- 1. information.html 2. Gum plant- 1. .html 2. es/am_gumplant.html Picture Ice Plant- Top picture:: Bottom Picture: Gum Plant- Top picture: Bottom Picture:
  32. 32. Snowy Egret Writing: 1. 2. 8 Pictures: 1. 53 2. ml 3. 5d-mark-iii-autofocus/ 4. European Dune Grass Writing: 1. @usernumber=5&surveynumber=182php 2. shores/animals/european-beach-grass 3. rass.html Pictures: 1. Bibliography Sand Verbena Writing: 1. Pictures: 1. 2. 513/ Silver Beach Weed Writing: 1. %20beach-weed.html Pictures 1. html Animals Cover Page 1. grets.htm 2. 3.
  33. 33. 6. 7. and-animals/marine-mammals Front Page: 8. Continued...
  34. 34. Divija’s Bibliography Becker, John E. “Amazing Sea Creatures.” The Northern Elephant Seal. Detroit, Mich.: KidHaven, 2005. 6-14 pages. Print. Goldish, Meish. Southern Elephant Seal: The Biggest Seal in the World. New York, NY.: Bearport Pub., 2010. Print “Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga Angustirostris) - Office of Protected Resources - NOAA Fisheries.” Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga Angustirostris) - Office Protected Resources - NOAA Fisheries. 14 May 2014. Web. 21 Mar. 2015. <>. “Beach Morning Glory (Ipomoea Pes-Caprae) on the Shores of Singapore. “Beach Morning Glory (Ipomoea Pes-Caprae) on the Shores of Singapore. 1 Jan. 2008. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <http.//>. “Native Plants Hawaii.” Native 1 Jan. 2009. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. < caparaebrasiliensis>. “Ipomoea Pes-Caprae Beach Morning Glory1.” EDIS New Publication RSS> Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <>. United States. National Park Service. “Beach Strawberry.” National Parks Service. U.S. Department of Interior, 26 Mar. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. <>. “Beach Strawberry (Chiloensis).” Beach Strawberry Plant Guide. Demand Media. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <>. “Pacific Beach Strawberry.” PLant Guide. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. <>. “WSU Clark County Extension.” Beach Strawberry. Board of Regents. 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 19 Mar. 2015 <>.
  35. 35. Sea Fig 1. 2. Beach Morning Glory 1. convolvulaceae/beach-morning-glory/ 2. /ipopescapr1.htm Beach Strawberry 1. g 2. Sea Fig 1. Divija’s Bibliography (Pictures)