The Map, Map Reading and Principles of Geography - World Tourism

4,056 views

Published on

Maps are the basic tools of the travel professional. Without them, it is next to impossible to locate cities or countries one may have never heard about. Bienvenido G. Claravall.


Message me if you want to have a copy of this presentation. Thanks.

Published in: Travel
5 Comments
17 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,056
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
5
Likes
17
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Map, Map Reading and Principles of Geography - World Tourism

  1. 1. CrisEdrenDelaPeña
  2. 2. Physical Maps a rectangular flat map that features the natural geophysical features of the earth’s land mass, such as terrestrial elevations, plateaus, valleys, rivers and the like.
  3. 3. Physical Maps
  4. 4. Political Maps a rectangular flat map that features the political boundaries of the different countries of the world.
  5. 5. Political Maps
  6. 6. Nautical Charts a rectangular flat map that provide general indications of the ocean’s depth in fathoms and the characteristics of the sea bottom (sandy, coral, mud).
  7. 7. Nautical Chart
  8. 8. Flat Maps do not give accurate distances from east to west or vise versa, sometimes greatly distorted.
  9. 9. Fathom unit of measurement of the sea depth. One fathom equals 6 feet Globe a sphere that shows either the geophysical features of the earth’s land mass or the political boundaries of the different countries of the world. The only truly accurate map
  10. 10. Circles the circumference of the earth is divided into 360 degrees. Longitudes and Latitudes are separated by fifteen (15) degrees. Therefore a degree is the unit that measures distances between Latitudes or Longitudes.
  11. 11. Cardinal Points there are four cardinal points in a compass – North, East, South and West Longitudes are imaginary lines that stretching from North Pole to South Pole. Latitudes Are imaginary lines stretching from the Prime Meridian West up to the International Date Line.
  12. 12. Zone is the area between two longitudes Prime Meridian is the first meridian or the first Longitude. Is also referred to as Greenwich Meridian Time. International Date Line is the last meridian or where the +180 degrees and the -180 meet.
  13. 13. Equator is the imaginary line that encircles the middle (the waist) of the earth. It is equidistant from the North and South Poles. Northern Hemisphere is all the area north of the equator Southern Hemisphere is all the area south of the equator
  14. 14. Temperate Zones are the areas between the North Pole and the Tropic of Cancer and areas between the Tropic of Capricorn and the South Poles. Here the wind normally blows from west to east, and is called Temperate Winds.
  15. 15. Temperate Zones
  16. 16. Tropical Zones are areas between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator in the north and between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer in the South. Here the wind normally blows from east to west, and called Trade Winds.
  17. 17. Tropical Zones
  18. 18. Tropic of Cancer An imaginary line 23 degrees north of the Equator that encircles the earth. Tropic of Capricorn An imaginary line 23 degrees south of the Equator that encircles the earth.
  19. 19. North Pole is the top of the earth. The true north. This is where Arctic is. Magnetic North is the direction all compasses point to. South Pole is the bottom of the earth. This is where Antarctic is.
  20. 20. Continents are large masses of land
  21. 21. Archipelago a number of islands surrounded by water
  22. 22. Cape a projection of land into water
  23. 23. Elevation the height of land above the sea level
  24. 24. Islands bodies of land surrounded by water
  25. 25. Isthmus a narrow strip of land between two large bodies of water
  26. 26. Mountains elevated terrestrial masses that are peaked and serrated
  27. 27. Plateau Elevated terrestrial mass that is flat
  28. 28. Peninsula Large projection of land into water
  29. 29. Volcano Elevated terrestrial masses that spew lave and other material when active
  30. 30. Oceans are large bodies of water. Oceans make up of 2/3 of the earth’s surface.
  31. 31. Bay body of water that protrudes into land
  32. 32. Gulf Large bodies of water that protrude into land
  33. 33. Fjords Narrow inlets of sea between cliffs or steep slopes
  34. 34. Lakes Bodies of water surrounded by land
  35. 35. Rivers Streams of water that empty into the seas or oceans
  36. 36. Seas Next largest to the oceans are the seas
  37. 37. Strait Water passages between bodies of land
  38. 38. Scale The comparative measurement on the map v.v. actual measurement

×