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Handout for MW2008 demonstration in Montreal.

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  1. 1. Biodiversity Heritage Library by Connie Rinaldo (
  2. 2. WHAT? <ul><li>MISSION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide Open Access to Biodiversity Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digitize the core published literature of biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborate with the global taxonomic community, rights holders and others </li></ul></ul>“ The cultivation of natural science cannot be efficiently carried on without reference to an extensive library.” C. Darwin et al 1847 Darwin, C. R. et al. 1847. Copy of Memorial to the First Lord of the Treasury [Lord John Russell], respecting the Management of the British Museum. Parliamentary Papers, Accounts and Papers 1847 , paper number (268), volume XXXIV.253 (13 April): 1-3. [Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online
  3. 3. WHO? Member Partners <ul><li>American Museum of Natural History </li></ul><ul><li>Field Museum of Natural History </li></ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum, London </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Botanical Garden </li></ul><ul><li>New York Botanical Garden </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Botanic Garden, Kew </li></ul><ul><li>Botany Libraries, Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution </li></ul>James Dwight Dana Zoophytes. Atlas , 1849
  4. 4. <ul><li>Internet Archive </li></ul><ul><li>International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Open Content Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) </li></ul><ul><li>Atlas of Living Australia </li></ul><ul><li>BioOne </li></ul><ul><li>Many other negotiations underway </li></ul>WHO? Collaborators
  5. 5. WHY? <ul><li>Taxonomic literature has extreme longevity </li></ul><ul><li>Current taxonomic literature often relies on texts and specimens > 100 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Literature repatriation </li></ul><ul><li>Tractable, well-defined scientific domain </li></ul><ul><li>Supports GBIF & other international initiatives </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Internet Archive scanning centers in London, New York, DC, Boston, Illinois etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Image files/text derived from OCR. </li></ul>HOW?
  7. 7. GOVERNANCE & PROCESS <ul><li>BHL is not a legal entity </li></ul><ul><li>MOU with BHL (each member) </li></ul><ul><li>By-Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Council </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Committee: Chair attends EOL Steering Committee </li></ul><ul><li>BHL Project Director & part-time Deputy </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Meetings of the Library Directors </li></ul><ul><li>Conference Calls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive committee (weekly) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff in the trenches (weekly) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Business (meetings or calls) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directors and staff </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. BHL Portal http://www. biodiversitylibrary .org <ul><li>Serve image and text files, create volume, part, piece metatata; ingest page level metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Globally Unique Identifiers (GUIDs) to link to other services </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomic Intelligence: developed at MBLWHOI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses sophisticated algorithm to locate name strings from the 9.4 million in NameBank from OCR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iterative processing of texts increases number of names in Namebank and also the accuracy of recognition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More tools under development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portal prototype developed at Missouri Botanical Garden based on </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Seek Permissions <ul><li>Opt in Copyright Model: The BHL actively works with professional societies & associations to integrate their publications into the BHL in a way that serves the societies’ missions and goals </li></ul><ul><li>BHL is digitizing learned society backfiles & serving them from the BHL Portal at no cost to the societies </li></ul><ul><li>Files are available to the publishers for reuse as they see fit </li></ul>
  10. 10. Financial & Legal Sustainability <ul><li>Quick ramp-up: high early costs will drive long-term costs down. </li></ul><ul><li>Derive some long-term costs from the operating budgets of the member institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate functions/tasks with wider efforts where appropriate, e.g. mass storage. </li></ul><ul><li>Make the BHL absolutely essential. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid legal conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Keep copyright infringement risk low </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain permissions when possible </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate alternative agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Move on if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Future Structure </li></ul>
  11. 11. Future Directions <ul><li>Multiple languages </li></ul><ul><li>Links back to EOL </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded taxonomic intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Geolocation </li></ul><ul><li>Global partnerships: Malaysia, China, broader EU participation </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond scientists: community needs </li></ul><ul><li>Grey Literature & Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Automated structural markup of journal literature </li></ul>