Limitreal

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Presentation for Libraries, Museums, and Instructional Technology event at Harvard.

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Limitreal

  1. 1. Biodiversity Heritage Library by Connie Rinaldo
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>EOL/BHL: WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>Members/Collaborators </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability: Legal and Financial </li></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul>Reptilia and Batrachia . (1885-1902) by Albert C.L.G.  Günther
  3. 3. Member Partners <ul><li>American Museum of Natural History </li></ul><ul><li>Field Museum of Natural History </li></ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum, London </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Botanical Garden </li></ul><ul><li>New York Botanical Garden </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Botanic Garden, Kew </li></ul><ul><li>Botany Libraries, Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution </li></ul>James Dwight Dana Zoophytes. Atlas , 1849
  4. 4. Why? <ul><li>The cited half-life of publications in taxonomy is longer than in any other scientific discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Current taxonomic literature often relies on texts and specimens > 100 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Literature repatriation </li></ul><ul><li>Resource access </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Internet Archive </li></ul><ul><li>International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Open Content Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) </li></ul><ul><li>Atlas of Living Australia </li></ul><ul><li>BioOne </li></ul><ul><li>Many other negotiations underway </li></ul>Collaborators
  6. 6. <ul><li>Internet Archive scanning centers in London, New York, DC, Boston, Illinois etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Image files/text derived from OCR. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Governance <ul><li>MOU with BHL (each member) </li></ul><ul><li>BHL is not a legal entity </li></ul><ul><li>By-Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Council </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Committee: Chair attends EOL Steering Committee </li></ul><ul><li>BHL Project Director/Deputy </li></ul>
  8. 9. Process <ul><li>Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Meetings of the Library Directors </li></ul><ul><li>Conference Calls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive committee (weekly) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff in the trenches (weekly) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Business (meetings or calls) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directors and staff </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Mandates <ul><li>Open Access : all content can be reused, repurposed, reformatted. </li></ul><ul><li>Congruent : must fit in to and contribute to a healthy knowledge ecology </li></ul>
  10. 11. BHL Portal http://www. biodiversitylibrary .org <ul><li>Serve image and text files, create volume, part, piece metatata; ingest page level metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Globally Unique Identifiers (GUIDs) to link to other services </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomic Intelligence: developed at MBLWHOI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses sophisticated algorithm to locate name strings from the 9.4 million in NameBank from OCR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iterative processing of texts increases number of names in Namebank and also the accuracy of recognition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More tools under development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portal prototype developed at Missouri Botanical Garden based on botanicus.org </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. What BHL Wants To Do
  12. 13. What BHL Can Do
  13. 14. Seek Permissions from Copyright Holders <ul><li>Opt in Copyright Model: The BHL actively works with professional societies & associations to integrate their publications into the BHL in a way that serves the societies’ missions and goals. </li></ul><ul><li>BHL is digitizing learned society backfiles & serving them from the BHL Portal at no cost to the societies. </li></ul><ul><li>Files are available to the publishers for reuse as they see fit. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Legal Sustainability Strategy <ul><li>Avoid legal conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Keep copyright infringement risk low </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain permissions when possible </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate alternative agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Move on if necessary </li></ul>
  15. 16. Financial Sustainability Strategy <ul><ul><li>Quick ramp-up, high early costs – development, mass scanning, etc. Drive long-term costs down. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Derive some long-term costs from the operating budgets of the member institutions. (examples under consideration: acquisitions budget, staff positions, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate functions/tasks with wider efforts where appropriate, e.g. mass storage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear roles for staff who wear multiple hats. Two full-time grant funded positions currently but >15 staff who make substantive contributions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make the BHL absolutely essential. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Current Structure Internet Archive Web access BHL Portal & Taxonomic Intelligence BHL
  17. 18. Future Structure Web access BHL Portal & Taxonomic Intelligence Internet Archive German node French node European Digital Library French national node Multiple language interfaces BHL Other
  18. 19. Future Directions <ul><li>Multiple languages </li></ul><ul><li>Links back to EOL </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded taxonomic intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Geolocation </li></ul><ul><li>More global partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Grey Literature & Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Automated structural markup of journal literature </li></ul>
  19. 20. QUESTIONS? <ul><li>Connie Rinaldo [email_address] </li></ul>

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