The spread of_hellenistic_culture

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The spread of_hellenistic_culture

  1. 1. The Spread of Hellenistic Culture<br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br />Define Hellenistic Culture<br />Summarize the major science, philosophies and artistic styles of the Hellenistic period <br />
  3. 3. Vocabulary <br />Hellenistic:<br />
  4. 4. Hellenistic Culture<br />Hellenistic: Blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great <br />Alexandria, Egypt<br />Center of Hellenistic <br />Spread customs and traditions<br />became center of learning and scholarship<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Library of Alexandria<br />Contains half million papyrus scrolls<br />Philosophy, literature, history, and sciences<br />First research library <br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Lighthouse of Pharos <br />Built on Island of Pharos<br />393-450 feet tall<br />One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World<br />1303/1323 AD Destroyed by earthquakes<br />
  9. 9. Astronomy <br />Ptolemy<br />Incorrectly placed earth at<br /> center of solar system <br />Aristarchus<br />Proposed Earth and other<br />and other planets revolved around the sun<br />Eratosthenes <br />Closely calculated Earth’s true size<br />
  10. 10. Geometry <br />Euclid<br />Basis for Geometry<br />Archimedes<br />Calculated Pi<br />Lever, Pulley and Screw <br />Erathosthenes<br />Calculated size of world<br />
  11. 11. Philosophy <br />Cynicism<br />Rejected ideas of pleasure, wealth, and social responsibility<br />Believed people should live according to nature<br />Stoicism<br />People should live virtuous life in harmony with natural laws<br /><ul><li>Epicureanism
  12. 12. Seek pleasure, avoid pain
  13. 13. Develop close friendships with people of similar ideas </li></li></ul><li>Art <br /><ul><li>Realism in Sculpture
  14. 14. Flourishing of sculpture
  15. 15. Honored gods, heroes, and ordinary people
  16. 16. More realistic than Ancient Greece, more ordinary
  17. 17. Influence would follow to Rome
  18. 18. Colossus of Rhodes
  19. 19. Bronze statue
  20. 20. One of the seven wonders
  21. 21. Toppled by earthquake in 225 B.C.E.</li></ul>Nike of Samothrace<br /> (often Winged Victory)<br />Honor Goddess Nike<br />
  22. 22. Hellenistic Sculpture<br />
  23. 23. The Hellenistic Era/Kingdoms<br />Four kingdoms emerged after Alexander’s death<br />1. Macedonia<br />2. Syria<br />3. Pergamum (Turkey)<br />4. Egypt<br />All eventually were conquered by the Romans<br />
  24. 24. Hellenistic Achievements<br />
  25. 25. Homework<br />Chart and Vocabulary Terms due Friday at the end of the hour <br />Quiz on Monday <br />

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