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Planning for Healthy Food Outside


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Markets: a brief historical view, followed by a discussion the contemporary issues of commerce, social interactions, health and environmental benefits, legal and policy considerations, and political benefits.

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Planning for Healthy Food Outside

  1. 1. Planning for Healthy Food Outside Presented by: Lauren Dunning, JD, MPH Los Angeles County Department of Public Health Alfonso Morales, PhD University of Wisconsin – Madison
  2. 2. 1. Alfonso – Historical Considerations and Frame 2. Lauren – Legal and Policy Considerations 3. Alfonso – Research and Policy Implications 4. Lauren – Examples from Farmers’ Markets and Healthy Mobile Vending 5. Alfonso and Lauren – Concluding Thoughts Roadmap
  3. 3. Brief Historical Considerations
  4. 4. Maxwell Street, 1932
  5. 5. Earlier Systems Of Exchange Economic Upheavals And Regulatory Changes Legitimized Marketplaces Legitimized Marketplaces Legitimized Marketplaces Modern Retail Changed Occupational Categories Legitimized Marketplaces Malls Legitimized Marketplaces Secondary Retail Legitimized Marketplaces Tertiary Retail Legitimized Marketplaces Online Markets Legitimized Marketplaces Marketplaces De-Legitimized Ongoing Practices And Struggles for Legitimation Re-emergent Concerns with Health, Employment Etc. Economic forms Politically (re)legitimized In Summary: 150 Years of Markets More Upheavals And Changes
  6. 6. Contemporary Vendors and Vending
  7. 7. Commerce • Enhancing Downtowns • Employment and Job Training • Business Incubation • Human Capital, Gross/Net Receipts, and Multiplier • Promoting Local, Sustainable Agriculture • Local Business • Business Partnerships • Public Investment • Tourism
  8. 8. Cosmopolitanism • Social Encounters – ‘Heads Up’ versus ‘Heads Down’ • Diversity and Density • Recreation/Multi-use • Community Relations/Human Scale • Public Safety • Involved Youth • Services
  9. 9. Health and Environmental Benefits • Food access and cost • Increase physical activity • Health/nutritional education • Psychological well-being • Connecting rural and urban
  10. 10. Government Intervention for Health • Procurement and use of public resources • Incentives • Regulation
  11. 11. Legal and Policy Considerations • State – State Food Codes • Local – Zoning – Licensing Legal and Policy Considerations
  12. 12. Regulation of Use
  13. 13. Research Findings • Should Government Allocate Vending Space? – Contingent on how many vendors are allowed – Means of allocation include lottery, auction, first come, rotation, networks – important to communicate goals for vendors • Should Goods/Merchandise be Restricted? – Contingent on public goals • How Might Merchants Contribute to the Public? – Permits – Taxation – Insurance…etc.
  14. 14. Many Organizational Options
  15. 15. Political Benefits • Revitalizing Public Spaces – Federal government program • Mitigating risks – Public safety – public characters • Public services – Civic engagement – Program participation Arnstein, Sherry R. "A Ladder of Citizen Participation," JAIP, Vol. 35, No. 4, July 1969, pp. 216-224. Accessed at: participation.html#download[coloration added]
  16. 16. Foster Commerce and Cosmopolitanism • EXPERIMENT – Take lessons from other places • Vendors fulfill Purposes from Various Perspectives • Management and Internal Relationships – Stability and Flexibility can be won in many different ways • Governance and External Relationships – How do vendors and street food articulate with other elements of planning practice? Transportation, sidewalks, the food system, economic development…etc. What relationships are implied? – What do sensible regulations look like?
  17. 17. Example: Farmers’ Markets Private Property Public Property Streets LA City X Code X Code (parks) X LA County X Code EBT X X San Francisco X Code EBT X Code EBT X EBT
  18. 18. Example: Healthy mobile vending Streets Sidewalks Public Property Private Property New York Green Carts Kansas City Parks incentive Boston Healthy option Healthy option Healthy option Philadelphia Healthy carts San Francisco RFP
  19. 19. Policy Ideas • “When you cannot measure your knowledge is meager and unsatisfactory.” Lord Kelvin – Enumerate markets/vendors – Census data – NAICS (category 454390), etc. • Vendors (and marketplaces) create dynamic places that: – Provide a mix of experiences, diversions and commercial options that appeal to multi-cultural and multi-generational patrons; – Provide visceral and visual experiences across time and season; that – Bridge the goals of state and society. • Micro loans and Business advice when desired – Allow businesses/vendors to remain small, but harness the income for credit – Seek out local/regional supply chain opportunities • Collaborate across agency, jurisdiction and organizational type – e.g. Business Schools, Business Improvement Districts, CBOs, Kitchen Incubators and Food Trucks, etc.
  20. 20. Contact Information • Lauren Dunning:, 213-738-6107 • Alfonso Morales