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CReW Cultural Relations at Work
Erasmus+ Programme – Jean Monnet Activities
Bridging the gap between Practice and Theory
S...
OUTLINE
1. THE CReW PROJECT
2. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS: THE PRACADEMIC APPROACH
3. RESEARCH DESIGN
• Construction of th...
THE CREW PROJECT
• Erasmus+ Programme, Jean Monnet Activities (EAC-A03-2016)
• 3 events, one on each stream of the Joint c...
OUTLINE
1. THE CReW PROJECT
2. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS: THE PRACADEMIC APPROACH
3. RESEARCH DESIGN
• Construction of th...
PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS
• THREE GAPS
• between academics and practitioners;
• between agency and structure;
• between t...
OUTLINE
1. THE CReW PROJECT
2. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS: THE PRACADEMIC APPROACH
3. RESEARCH DESIGN
• Construction of th...
Research
Design
CONSTRUCTION OF A THEORETICAL
FRAMEWORK - I
• Analysis of politics and policies
• Web or relations
CONSTRUCTION OF A THEORETICAL
FRAMEWORK - II
• ACTORS
• DIRECTION
• OBJECTIVES
• MEANS
Data analysis
RESEARCH QUESTION FOR
PRACADEMICS EVENTS
• What are the current strategies being pursued by members
states and EU institut...
DATA SELECTION AND COLLECTION OF
CASE STUDIES
• Organizational dimensions
üMultilateral partnership with all relevant stak...
DATA SELECTION AND COLLECTION
Case study (n:13) Contributor
Event 1. Rabat: Supporting culture as an engine for sustainabl...
B) Multiple case study analysis
supporting culture as an
engine for sustainable social
and economic development
promoting ...
PRELIMINARY
FINDINGS
PRELIMINARY PRACTICE ORIENTED
RESULTS I
• Governance, Management, and Funding
- Multilateral partnership: between network ...
• Sustainability
- cultural entrepreneurship and employability
- resilience-informed practice (local empowerment)
- profes...
Rabat Stuttgart London
WORD CLOUDS OF PRACADEMICS
RECOMMENDATIONS
A FIRST SET OF POLICY-ORIENTED THEORETICAL
IMPLICATIONS
• There is a certain agreement on the strategic approach to ICR be...
• All cases taken into consideration align with the inter-governmental approach endorsed by the EU at least
since 2016 à c...
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Pierangelo Isernia and Alessandro G. Lamonica - University of Siena

Bridging the gap between Practice and Theory

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Pierangelo Isernia and Alessandro G. Lamonica - University of Siena

  1. 1. CReW Cultural Relations at Work Erasmus+ Programme – Jean Monnet Activities Bridging the gap between Practice and Theory Siena Cultural Relations Forum, June 26-29, 2019 Pierangelo Isernia and Alessandro G. Lamonica
  2. 2. OUTLINE 1. THE CReW PROJECT 2. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS: THE PRACADEMIC APPROACH 3. RESEARCH DESIGN • Construction of the theoretical framework • Data selection and collection • Data analysis • Multiple case study analysis • Analysis of pracademic activities 4. PRELIMINARY FINDINGS • Practice-oriented applications • Policy-oriented theoretical implications 5. NEXT STEPS
  3. 3. THE CREW PROJECT • Erasmus+ Programme, Jean Monnet Activities (EAC-A03-2016) • 3 events, one on each stream of the Joint communication • Rabat (Spring 2018): sustainable development • London (Fall 2018): cultural heritage • Stuttgart (Spring 2019): inter-cultural dialogue • Siena Cultural Relations Forum 2019 • Newsletter and website (http://crewproject.wp.unisi.it/project/) • Best Practice Manual and Edited book
  4. 4. OUTLINE 1. THE CReW PROJECT 2. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS: THE PRACADEMIC APPROACH 3. RESEARCH DESIGN • Construction of the theoretical framework • Data selection and collection • Data analysis • Multiple case study analysis • Analysis of pracademic activities 4. GENERAL PRELIMINARY FINDINGS • Practice-oriented applications • Policy-oriented theoretical implications 5. NEXT STEPS
  5. 5. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS • THREE GAPS • between academics and practitioners; • between agency and structure; • between training and selection, and, within training, between formal academic and life-long training. • A QUEST FOR FILLING THE GAPS • The Council asks Member States to “…develop further existing networks for knowledge and competence development and encourage exchange between academia and practitioners in the field of international cultural relations” (April 2019, Council Conclusions on an EU strategic approach to international cultural relations and a framework for action) • THE CREW PROJECT: 3 GOALS • To foster dialogue between academics, practitioners and policy-makers • To make explicit and translate “in a common language” the practical knowledge often used in international cultural relations and cultural diplomacy • To collect and to organize information from case studies in ways close to the reality of the situation and grounded in social science theoretical framework
  6. 6. OUTLINE 1. THE CReW PROJECT 2. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS: THE PRACADEMIC APPROACH 3. RESEARCH DESIGN • Construction of the theoretical framework • Data selection and collection • Data analysis • Multiple case study analysis • Analysis of pracademic activities 4. GENERAL PRELIMINARY FINDINGS • Practice-oriented applications • Policy-oriented theoretical implications 5. NEXT STEPS
  7. 7. Research Design
  8. 8. CONSTRUCTION OF A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK - I • Analysis of politics and policies • Web or relations
  9. 9. CONSTRUCTION OF A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK - II • ACTORS • DIRECTION • OBJECTIVES • MEANS
  10. 10. Data analysis
  11. 11. RESEARCH QUESTION FOR PRACADEMICS EVENTS • What are the current strategies being pursued by members states and EU institutions [WORKSTREAM 1, 2, 3] within the EU and in the relationship with its third partners within the EU and in the relationship with its third partners? • To what extent is there already an agreement on a strategic approach to [WORKSTREAM 1, 2, 3] among member states and between member states and the EU institutions? • How is your activity contributing to the achievement of the strategic objectives foreseen by the European Commission when dealing with [WORKSTREAM 1, 2, 3]?
  12. 12. DATA SELECTION AND COLLECTION OF CASE STUDIES • Organizational dimensions üMultilateral partnership with all relevant stakeholders üMultilateral funding mechanism (multidonor) üStakeholders’ engagement based on “variable geometry”. üLocal empowerment üRegional focus üEU engagement based on complementarity and subsidiarity üRole of existing frameworks for cooperation üAll workstreams of the Joint Communication represented: • Relational dimensions üEU Regional level to Third State and Society levels (dyads 1 and 2); üEU State level to Third State and Society levels (dyads 3 and 4); üEU Society level to Third State and Society levels (dyads 5 and 6)
  13. 13. DATA SELECTION AND COLLECTION Case study (n:13) Contributor Event 1. Rabat: Supporting culture as an engine for sustainable social and economic development in the EU Neighborhood South Tfanen – Tunisie Créative Matteo Malvani - Tfanen programme manager, British Council Tunisia The “Med-Culture” Programme in the South of the Mediterranean Fanny Bouquerel – Capacity Development Expert Young Mediterranean Voices – The hub for intercultural dialogue in the Mediterranean Regina Salanova - Head of Communications ALF The “Cultures pour vivre ensemble” Programme in Morocco Javier Galvan - Director Instituto Cervantes, Rabat Event 2. London: Reinforcing cooperation on cultural heritage in the EU Neighborhood South The UK’s Cultural Protection Fund Kate Pugh, Chair Cultural Protection Fund Advisory Group & Alex Bishop, Grants Manager Cultural Protection Fund French government initiatives to protect tangible and intangible cultural heritage abroad Alexis Mocio-Mathieu, Directorate for Culture, Education, Researc The Cultural Management Academy Miki Braniste, Curator, Goethe-Institut Archaeology and policy-making on the protection and valorization of cultural heritage. Reflections “from the field” [EAMENA] Prof. David Mattingly, University of Leicester Event 3. Stuttgart: Promoting culture and inter-cultural dialogue for peaceful inter-community relations Eastern Partnership Culture and Creativity: Cooperation and mobility in practice Simon Williams, Director British Council Ukraine European ‘Houses’ of Culture -Experiences in Eastern Europe and EUNIC projects Robert Kieft, Project Manager EUNIC Global Young Mediterranean Voices. A flagship regional youth network Eleonora Insalaco, Head of Intercultural Research and Programming Spaces of Culture: Creative endeavors between Europe and Turkey Hanna Dede, Programme Director “Spaces of Culture” Residencies as a sustainable model for international mobility of cultural actors – development and current experiences Melanie Bono, Goethe Institut
  14. 14. B) Multiple case study analysis supporting culture as an engine for sustainable social and economic development promoting culture and intercultural dialogue for peaceful inter-community relations reinforcing cooperation on cultural heritage The “Med-Culture” Programme in the South of the Mediterranean The Young Mediterranean Voices Programme (YMV) The International Alliance for the Protection of Cultural Heritage in Conflict Areas (Aliph) Tfanen – Tunisie Créative Spaces of Culture EAMENA (Endangered Archaeology in the MENA region), with a focus on its relationship with the UK’s Cultural Protection Fund (CPF)
  15. 15. PRELIMINARY FINDINGS
  16. 16. PRELIMINARY PRACTICE ORIENTED RESULTS I • Governance, Management, and Funding - Multilateral partnership: between network diplomacy and polylateralism - Process-based design - Consultative participatory approach - Regional dimension - Funding • Tools and Methodologies - Tailored capacity development - mobility and partnerships
  17. 17. • Sustainability - cultural entrepreneurship and employability - resilience-informed practice (local empowerment) - professional development: role of formal and informal education - networking and collaborative work at national and regional levels - advocacy and education. • Technical assistance and Grants - Inclusion - Selection process/evaluation procedure - hybrid structure • Dissemination and Communication - Website - social media platforms - specialized outputs PRELIMINARY PRACTICE ORIENTED RESULTS II
  18. 18. Rabat Stuttgart London WORD CLOUDS OF PRACADEMICS RECOMMENDATIONS
  19. 19. A FIRST SET OF POLICY-ORIENTED THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS • There is a certain agreement on the strategic approach to ICR between MS themselves and between MS and the EU institutions. • The process is slow. • Looking at practices, there are quite successful examples of projects and programmes that reflect the strategic framework through their organizational and relational dimensions à cooperation with third countries and IGOs is taking place and cooperation at local level between EU institutions, Member States, and local stakeholders is increasing. • Our (small) sample – limited and non-exhaustive – reflect a practical approach to the role of culture in external relations that is compliant with the requirements of international cultural relations. • The strategic approach is not free of contradictions that hinder its implementation for a combination of intrinsic (“mechanics” of the strategy) and extrinsic (intervening and systemic) factors
  20. 20. • All cases taken into consideration align with the inter-governmental approach endorsed by the EU at least since 2016 à cooperation between MS with the support of EU institutions (Council Conclusions, April 2019). à result of long negotiations between governmental and supranational institutions. • Challenge 1: is the adoption of ICR approach the outcome of a value-driven, interest-free, participatory process, or rather a stratagem to strengthen the inter-governmental structure to the detriment of the supranational aspirations of further integration(the rescue of the nation-state hypothesis)? • Challenge 2: Is a shift from public diplomacy to cultural relations in the EU really taking place? Is it a shift or rather a struggle between different models with each institution talking past each other (the EU advocating soft power, the MS pursuing national foreign policy objectives (cultural diplomacy) and practitioners carrying out cultural relations as “…the exchange of arts, ideas, information, and other aspects of culture in order to foster a mutual understanding” (Cummings 2003)). • Challenge 3: EU ICR has been designed with the international liberal order in mind. What are the consequences of a changing international context for the implementation of the strategy? (Carta and Higgott) • Challenge 4: Is the EU biting off more than it can chew? Is the effectiveness of EU ICR constrained by different organizational cultures and levels of expertise in cultural diplomacy among MS A FIRST SET OF POLICY-ORIENTED THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS: CHALLENGES

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