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Gitte Zschoch - Director EUNIC Global

The Eu Strategic approach for International Cultural Relations

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Gitte Zschoch - Director EUNIC Global

  1. 1. 11Gitte Zschoch, EUNIC Global Siena 27 June 2019
  2. 2. 2 • EU has supporting and complementing competences in the field of culture in relations to its Member States; promotes cooperation with third countries in the field of culture (Treaty of Lisbon 2007) • Agenda for Culture (2007): Culture in EU external relations as specific objective; New Agenda for Culture (2018): 3 dimensions, including “external dimension to strengthen international cultural relations” • Joint Communication: Towards an EU strategy for international cultural relations (2016)
  3. 3. 3 EU High Representative and Vice-President Federica Mogherini: “Culture has to be part and parcel of our foreign policy. Culture is a powerful tool to build bridges between people, notably the young, and reinforce mutual understanding. It can also be an engine for economic and social development. As we face common challenges, culture can help all of us, in Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia, stand together to fight radicalisation and build an alliance of civilisations against those trying to divide us. This is why cultural diplomacy must be at the core of our relationship with today's world.” Brussels, 8 June 2016
  4. 4. 4 • Are the fostering of understanding between countries and especially their peoples • Seek to engage in dialogue with broader publics • Tend to present a more ‘rounded’ picture of a country as opposed to cultural diplomacy approaches Source: www.cultureinexternalrelations.eu
  5. 5. 5 • Engaging in dialogue, mutual listening and learning • People-to-people approach and partnering with local stakeholders • Bottom-up approach, based on partners’ needs • Co-creation and joint capacity-building • Broader definition of culture beyond arts, including education, creative industries development cooperation, heritage, tourism, sports, and others
  6. 6. 6 Council Conclusions on an “EU strategic approach to international cultural relations and a framework for action”: INVITING THE MEMBER STATES TO: • “strengthen their participation in the preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of common local cultural strategies and projects in third countries. • EUNIC and the cooperation between diplomatic and consular representations could contribute to the achievement of this objective”
  7. 7. 7 CALLING THE COMMISSION AND THE HIGH REPRESENTATIVE TO: • “embed the principles and objectives of this strategic approach and strengthen collaboration with relevant Council bodies in the design and implementation of existing and future thematic and geographic frameworks [...]; • designate ‘cultural focal points’ and ensure adequate capacities for culture in EU delegations;”
  8. 8. 8 CALLING THE MEMBER STATES, THE COMMISSION, AND THE HIGH REPRESENTATIVE TO: • “put particular effort into the implementation of common projects and joint actions in third countries based on a common strategic vision developed at local level by the Member States, their diplomatic and consular representations, their cultural institutes, EUNIC, EU delegations and local stakeholders; • adequate frameworks and instruments should be developed for that purpose [...].”
  9. 9. 9 Council Conclusions (2017): Prepare a roadmap Administrative Arrangement (2017): EC- EEAS-EUNIC Report on current state of EU- EUNIC partnership (2018) European ‘Houses’ of Culture Project (2019-20) Council Conclusions on EU international cultural relations (2019) Preparatory Action (2013/14) Joint Communica tion (2016)
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  11. 11. 11 • A cross-cutting approach to culture, going beyond the arts • A new definition of cultural diplomacy in terms of cultural relations: “to go beyond projecting the diversity of European cultures, and aim at generating a new spirit of dialogue, mutual listening and learning, joint capacity-building and global solidarity” • 3 work streams: culture for development, culture and intercultural dialogue for peace, cultural heritage • new type of partnership between the EEAS, Commission services, national cultural institutes and their umbrella organisation (EUNIC)
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  13. 13. 13 • WORKING TOGETHER: To develop a “concerted approach to international cultural relations” between the signatories • FLEXIBLE PARTICIPATION: To use the “principle of ‘variable geometry’” • WORKING WITH LOCAL PARTNERS: cooperation with relevant stakeholders, including civil society organisations, public authorities, international organisations; EUNIC and EU Delegations
  14. 14. 14 • “The two Sides expect that the partnership will be implemented at country level through seeking enhanced cooperation and complementarity with relevant stakeholders, including civil society organisations, public authorities, international organisations where appropriate, and between European Union Delegations and EUNIC clusters”. • “The joint pilot activities should help test method(s) of ‘enhanced cooperation’ between EU Delegations (or Headquarters when relevant) and cultural institutes in partner countries, including aspects of planning, resourcing, implementation, monitoring and evaluation”.
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  16. 16. 16 • Preparatory Action • Initiated by the European Parliament to test and implement innovative collaboration models between European actors (EUNIC members and EU delegations) and local stakeholders in non-EU countries. • Helps to deliver the EU strategy on international cultural relations
  17. 17. 17 To test (new) innovative models of collaboration between EU, EU MS, and local stakeholders To assist in designing and implementing innovative projects on the ground To help deliver the EU approach to international cultural relations, complementary to MS strategies € 750.000 € 83.419 Project budget European Commission (DG EAC) EUNIC Global
  18. 18. 18 INTRODUCTION DEFINING THE PARTNERSHIP ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES ANNEXES
  19. 19. 19 DEVELOPING A SHARED STRATEGIC VISION • What defines a good cultural relations strategy? • Consult with local stakeholders to define and develop a joint cultural relations strategy • Identify common goals and priority actions • Continue supporting European cooperation on culture in headquarters
  20. 20. 20 DEVELOPING A JOINT CULTURAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK • Use existing fora and training programmes and make them available to all parties Develop a joint training programme
  21. 21. 21 PROFESSIONALISING THE PARTNERSHIP • Internally anchor coordination of the partnership in EU Del and clusters • Establish regular meetings between EU Delegations and EUNC clusters and enable knowledge transfer • Sign an agreement between EU Delegations and EUNIC cluster • Institutionalise joint working sessions during regional seminars • Give access to a platform for EU Delegations and clusters to share information and best practices
  22. 22. 22 DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING PROJECTS TOGETHER • Governance of the partnership: clearly define roles and responsibilities • Allow for the principle of variable geometry and ensure the European dimension • Allow for variable co-financing models • Enable a clear vision for financing models of the partnership • Communication of joint activities and use of logos
  23. 23. 23 DEFINING A MONITORING AND EVALUATIONS APPROACH
  24. 24. 24 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES • Role of both sides’ headquarters in the partnership • Role of clusters in the partnership • Role of EU Delegations in the partnership
  25. 25. 25 ANNEXES • EU and EUNIC: Understanding each other • Detailed overview over currently used financing models • Templates and examples • Abbreviations
  26. 26. 26 • Co-authorship between EEAS, EC, EUNIC • 1st draft circulated in November 2018 • 2nd draft sent to colleagues in EUNIC clusters and EU Delegations where Joint Activities take place; discussion in EU inter-group on culture and in EUNIC BoD • Presentation at Cultural Affairs Committee of the EU • Final comments of BoD received on 11 June • Publication in June 2019
  27. 27. 27 EUNIC network created by six EU cultural institutes 2006 Integration of ministries for Member States without cultural institutes EUNIC Cluster Fund created Creative Europe programme funding (2015-2017) First strategic framework adopted (2015-2025) Administrative Arrangement signed (EUNIC, EC, EEAS) 2010 2012 2014 2015 2017 Network grows to 50 clusters EUNIC brings together members from all 28 EU Member States Creative Europe programme funding (2018-2021) 2018 “European ‘Houses’ of Culture” Preparatory Action 2007 Treaty of Lisbon 2013/14 “Culture in EU external relations” Preparatory Action 2016 Joint Communication on Culture in EU international relations; Global Strategy 2019 Council Conclusions 2018 New Agenda For Culture 2019 Joint Guidelines EUNIC-EU Delegations
  28. 28. 28 • New Agenda for Culture: • Promoting the cultural and creative sectors in the Western Balkans; • Eastern Partnership culture programme; • Support to culture in Mediterranean countries; • European ‘Houses’ of Culture; • Dialogue on culture with China and Japan; • Development Fund for Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific countries; • Regional strategies on culture for Western Balkans, Middle East and North Africa, and Latin America; • Cultural heritage protection as part of security missions; • Support of silk road heritage.
  29. 29. 29 Council Conclusions: • embed the principles and objectives … in the design and implementation of existing and future thematic and geographic frameworks • ensure the appropriate expertise in the field of cultural relations; • designate 'cultural focal points' and ensure adequate capacities for culture in EU delegations; • establish a single web contact point with access to information on EU policies, programmes and actions undertaken by the Commission and EEAS regarding international cultural relations; • include the aspect of international cultural relations, where appropriate, in the regular reporting on foreign policy actions and programmes, including in the context of the Global Strategy;
  30. 30. 30 Council Conclusions: • facilitate, through the appropriate institutional and legal frameworks and support measures, the mobility of artists and cultural professionals between the EU and third countries; • implementation of common projects and joint actions in third countries based on a common strategic vision developed at local level by the Member States, their diplomatic and consular representations, their cultural institutes, EUNIC, EU delegations and local stakeholders; adequate frameworks and instruments should be developed for that purpose;
  31. 31. 31 • Joint Communication • Engaging in dialogue, mutual listening and learning • People-to-people approach and partnering with local stakeholders • Bottom-up approach, based on partners’ needs • Co-creation and joint capacity-building

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