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Week 11 handout

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Week 11 handout

  1. 1. Week 11Deconstructing the News
  2. 2. Deconstruction: “Application of News Literacyconcepts to the analysis of component parts ofa news report in order to dispassionately judge its reliability.”
  3. 3. ‘Deconstructing’ the NewsIs Too Much Texting A Mental Illness?How to Assess the Reliability of the News
  4. 4. A Deconstruction How to Judge Reliability1) Summarize the main points: Does the headline and the lead support the main2) How close does the reporter come to opening the freezer? Is the evidence direct or arm’s-length?
  5. 5. A Deconstruction How to Judge Reliability3) Evaluate the reliability of the sources using I’M VA/IN4) Does the reporter make his/her work transparent?5) Does the reporter place the story in context?
  6. 6. A Deconstruction How to Judge Reliability6) Are the key questions answered? - -What-When - -Why? -7) Is the story fair?
  7. 7. And The Whole PointWhat can a news consumer Do with this information Is it actionable?
  8. 8. Deconstructing the News The power of Context
  9. 9. Key DefinitionsContext: Facts that surround an event or elements of a news story and provide meaning or significance
  10. 10. ContextAs their state financing dwindled, four-year public universities increased theirpublished tuition and fees almost 8 percent this year, to an average of $7,605…When room and board are included, the average in-state student at a publicuniversity now pays $16,140 a year.“Trends in College Pricing” and “Trends in StudentAid” reports is that fast-rising tuition costs havebeen accompanied by a huge increase in financialaid, which helped keep down the actual amountstudents and families pay.
  11. 11. Deconstructing the News
  12. 12. Key Definitions Transparency: The reporter specifies in the story what he or she does not know,and why it could not be learned; how they know what they do know; when the reporter pulls the curtain aside.
  13. 13. Deconstructing the News Transparency is Openness about · “Could not be reached” · “Requested anonymity because she feared losing her job” · “A reporter attempted to contact the family at home, but no one came to the door.”
  14. 14. Deconstruction1) Summarize the main points of the
  15. 15. Deconstructing the News How Reliable is the Headline? Workbook Example #1Is the Headline Supported By the
  16. 16. Deconstructing the NewsHow to Find the Main Points of the Find the Headline and “Lead”
  17. 17. Deconstructing the NewsWorkbookExample #3The Main Points Aren’t Always in the First
  18. 18. Deconstructing the News 2) Assess the evidence supporting the main points of the story.
  19. 19. Assessing EvidenceWorkbookExample #4
  20. 20. Deconstructing the News How close did the reporter come to opening the freezer? If not, did a reliable source open it?
  21. 21. Deconstructing the News Workbook Example #3 Evidence: Did the reporter open the
  22. 22. Assessing EvidenceWorkbookExample #5
  23. 23. Test Inferences for SoundnessEvidence: Information that proves or disproves somethingInference: Taking information that isaccepted as true and then drawing a conclusion
  24. 24. Deconstructing the News Is The Inference Sturdy? Workbook Example #6
  25. 25. Deconstructing the News3) Are the SourcesReliable?
  26. 26. Judging the Reliability of Sources1) Independent Sources Are Better Than Self-Interested Sources 2) Multiple Sources Are Better Than Single Sources 3) Sources Who Verify Are Better Than Sources Who Assert4) Authoritative/Informed Sources Are Better Than Uninformed Sources 5) Named Sources Are Better Than Unnamed Sources (Mnemonic Device: I’M VAIN)
  27. 27. Example 4
  28. 28. Deconstructing the News How to Assess Source Authority Workbook Example #10 Is the Source Authoritative? Independent? Why or Why Not?
  29. 29. Deconstructing the News How to Weigh Sources Workbook Example #7 Verification or Assertion?
  30. 30. Deconstructing the News Workbook Example #8
  31. 31. How to Judge Anonymous Sources Transparency Characterization Corroboration (evidence/ sources)
  32. 32. Deconstructing the NewsHow to Assess Source Reliability Workbook Example #9 How Do You Weigh the Anonymous Source?
  33. 33. Deconstructing the News Workbook Example #11
  34. 34. Deconstructing the News 4) Does the reporter make his or her work transparent?
  35. 35. Key Definitions Transparency: The reporter specifies in the story what he or she does not know,and why it could not be learned; how they know what they do know; when the reporter pulls the curtain aside.
  36. 36. Deconstructing the News Corrections are Institutional
  37. 37. Deconstructing the News How Transparent is the Story?National Public Radio Reports from
  38. 38. Deconstructing the News How Transparent is the Story? Reports of Qaddafi’s Demise
  39. 39. Deconstructing the News Step 6:Are the key questions answered?
  40. 40. Deconstructing the NewsWorkbookExample #13
  41. 41. Deconstruction Step 7: Is it Fair? Workbook Example #14
  42. 42. Deconstructing the News Workbook Example #15 Balance or Fairness?
  43. 43. Deconstructing the News Case Study: The pregnant man Workbook Example #12 Assess reliability by Evaluating Sources & Evidence
  44. 44. Deconstructing the News Case Study: The pregnant man Do These Sources Help?
  45. 45. Deconstructing the News Case Study: The pregnant man Does This Sonogram Help?
  46. 46. Deconstructing the News Case Study: The pregnant man Do Baby Photos Help?
  47. 47. Deconstructing the News Weigh sources and evidence
  48. 48. A Deconstruction How to Judge Reliability You can’t weigh every story with each of these points, but....1) Summarize the main points: Does the headline and the lead support the main2) How close does the reporter come to opening the freezer? Is the evidence direct or arms-length?
  49. 49. A Deconstruction How to Judge Reliability3) Evaluate the reliability of the sources using I’M VA/IN4) Does the reporter make his/her work transparent?5) Does the reporter place the story in context?
  50. 50. A Deconstruction How to Judge Reliability6) Are the key questions answered? - -What-When - -Why? -7) Is the story fair?
  51. 51. And the Whole Point Is… Is it actionable? Can you reach a conclusion? Can you take an action? Can you make a judgment? Can you share this information?
  52. 52. Assignment• Go through the slides to complete the Deconstruction Workbook• Due next time in class• Don’t forget to put your name on it

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