351 lecture 9

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  • \nhttp://news.blogs.cnn.com/2011/10/20/libyan-fighters-say-they-have-captured-gadhafi/?iref=BN1&hpt=hp_t1\n
  • Headline comes in automatically. Click for graphic image that might be him. \n\nhttp://news.blogs.cnn.com/2011/10/20/libyan-fighters-say-they-have-captured-gadhafi/?iref=BN1&hpt=hp_t1\n
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  • 351 lecture 9

    1. 1. Week 8 Sources
    2. 2. • Take-home style exam • Submitted on Turnitin.comMidterm • Available November 2 Exam • Due November 8 • Short answer and essay on material presented up to Week 6. • Study guide now online
    3. 3. Says Who? Critical Evaluationof Sources interviewed for News Reports
    4. 4. Smart Questions About Sources:  What is her/his self-interest?  Does anyone else say so?  Is it verified fact, or assertion?  How would this source know?  Who, exactly, is this source?
    5. 5. Critical Thinking is…Critical Thinking skills:
    6. 6. Why Sources Matter
    7. 7. What Are the ConsequencesWhen The Press Gets it Wrong? U.S. Invades Iraq to Capture WMD
    8. 8. Why Critical Thinking About Sources Matters
    9. 9. To Be Fair…"Saddam
Hussein
has
spent
the
be1er
part
of
this
decade,
and
much
of
his
na7ons
wealth,
 not
on
providing
for
the
Iraqi
people,
but
on
 developing
nuclear,
chemical
and
biological
 weapons
and
the
missiles
to
deliver
them."
 






 President
Clinton,
Jan.
27,
1998.

    10. 10. To Be Fair…

 


"Iraq
is
a
long
way
from
[here],
but
 what
happens
there
ma1ers
a
great
 deal
here.
For
the
risks
that
the
leaders
 of
a
rogue
state
will
use
nuclear,
 chemical
or
biological
weapons
against
 us
or
our
allies
is
the
greatest
security
 threat
we
face."
 






 Madeleine
Albright,
Feb.
18,
1998.
 



    11. 11. To Be Fair…







"Fateful
decisions
will
be
made
in
the
days
and
weeks
ahead.
At
issue
is
nothing
less
than
the
fundamental
ques7on
of
whether
or
not
we
can
keep
the
most
lethal
weapons
known
to
mankind
out
of
the
hands
of
an
unreconstructed
tyrant
and
aggressor
…”






 Sen.
Joe
Biden
(D,
DE),
Feb.
12,
1998
 

    12. 12. To Be Fair… "He
will
use
those
weapons
of
mass
destruc7on
again,
as
he
has
ten
7mes
since
 1983."
 






 Sandy
Berger,
 Clinton
Na7onal
Security
Adviser,
 Feb.
18,
1998
    13. 13. “The problematic articles varied in authorship and subject matter, but many shared a common feature. They depended at least in part on information from a circle of Iraqi informants, defectors and exiles bent on ‘regimechange’ in Iraq, people whose credibility has come under increasing public debate in recent weeks.” May
26,
2004
    14. 14. Today: Five Smart Questions About Sources: What is her/his self-interest? Does anyone else say so? Is it fact, or assertion? How would this source know? Who, exactly, is this source?
    15. 15. Judging the Reliability of Sources Independent Sources Are Better Than Self-Interested Sources Multiple Sources Are Better Than Single Sources Sources Who Verify Are Better Than Sources Who Assert Authoritative/Informed Sources Are Better Than Uninformed Sources Named Sources Are Better Than Unnamed Sources (Mnemonic Device: I’M VAIN)
    16. 16. Judging the Reliability of Sources Independent Sources Are Better Than Self-Interested Sources
    17. 17. Self Interest vs. Selfishness IntellectualReligion/poli7cs Familial/Roman7c Financial
    18. 18. A Self-interested source…
    19. 19. An Independent source
    20. 20. Independence: Rival Praises FindingDecoded
DNA
Reveals
Details
Of
Black
Death
Germ Scien/sts
have
used
DNA
lurking
inside
the
teeth
of
 medieval
Black
Death
vic/ms
to
figure
out
the
en/re
 gene/c
code
of
the
deadly
bacterium
that
swept
 across
Europe
more
than
600
years
ago,
killing
an
 es/mated
half
of
the
popula/on... The
Natural
History
Museum
of
Denmarks
Thomas
 Gilbert
is
one
of
the
scien/sts
who
tried
to
find
plague
 DNA
in
Black
Death
vic/ms
in
the
past
without
 success.
He
says
the
new
technique
used
in
this
study
 is
exci/ng
and
the
analysis
is
compelling.
"Its
a
great
 result.
It
looks
very,
very
convincing,"
Gilbert
says.
 "Theres
no
reason
why
the
data
shouldnt
be
real."
    21. 21. NYT
–
(October
13,
2011)
People
with
ea/ng
disorders
like
 How
is
this
source
self‐interested?anorexia
have
opened
up
a
new
baYleground
in
the
insurance
 Does
that
mean
the
story
is
unreliable?wars,
tes/ng
the
boundaries
of
laws
manda/ng
equivalent
coverage
for
mental
illnesses.
    22. 22. Independent Sources Are Better Than Self-Interested Sources
    23. 23. Independence: A Ruthless Standard
    24. 24. Judging the Reliability of Sources Multiple Sources Are Better Than Single Sources
    25. 25. Multiple Sources vs. Lone Source
    26. 26. Multiple Sources Trump a Lone Source?
    27. 27. Reconstructing the Blackwater Incident in Nusoor Square
    28. 28. In Pursuit of TruthBlackwater shooting
    29. 29. Judging the Reliability of Sources Sources Who Verify Are Better Than Sources Who Assert
    30. 30. Verifying or Asserting? The
Tokyo
ci/zens’
group…in
 consulta/on
with
the
Yokohama‐based
 Isotope
Research
Ins/tute,
collected
soil
 samples
from
near
their
own
homes.
 Some
of
the
results
were
shocking:
the
 sample
that
Mr.
Hayashida
collected
 under
shrubs
near
his
neighborhood
 baseball
field
in
the
Edogawa
ward
 measured
nearly
138,000
becquerels
 per
square
meter
of
radioac/ve
cesium
 137,
which
can
damage
cells
and
lead
to
 an
increased
risk
of
cancer.

    31. 31. Verifying or Asserting?
    32. 32. Sources Who Verify vs. Sources Who Assert
    33. 33. A Corollary to Last Week’s Lesson: Just Like We Always ask: “Did the Reporter Open the Freezer?” You can also ask” “Did the Source Open the Freezer?
    34. 34. Judging the Reliability of Sources Authoritative/Informed Sources Are Better Than Un-informed Sources
    35. 35. Authoritative vs. Uninformed
    36. 36. Authoritative/Informed Sources vs. Un-informed Sources
    37. 37. Judging the Reliability of Sources Named Sources Are Better Than Unnamed Sources
    38. 38. Who Was ‘Deep Throat’?The Most Famous Unnamed Source in History
    39. 39. Who Was ‘Deep Throat’?The Most Famous Unnamed Source in History
    40. 40. Who Was ‘Deep Throat’?The Most Famous Unnamed Source in History
    41. 41. Characterizing Unnamed Sources
    42. 42. Vaccines are Dangerous? Sez Who?
    43. 43. Evaluating Anonymous Sources Transparency Characterization Corroboration (evidence/sources)
    44. 44. Evaluate The Sources
    45. 45. Evaluate The Sources
    46. 46. Sources Outlets
    47. 47. Evaluate The Source
    48. 48. Judging the Reliability of Sources Independent Sources Are Better Than Self-Interested Sources Multiple Sources Are Better Than Single Sources Sources Who Verify Are Better Than Sources Who Assert Authoritative/Informed Sources Are Better Than Uninformed Sources Named Sources Are Better Than Unnamed Sources (Mnemonic Device: I’M VAIN)
    49. 49. Key Lesson:Evaluate SourcesEvaluate SourcesEvaluate Sources
    50. 50. Evaluate SourcesTo Find Reliable Information With Which You: Make a decision Take Action Make a judgment
    51. 51. Preparing to Deconstruct the News 1) What Do I Know? 2) How Do I Know It? 3) What Don’t I Know?
    52. 52. • Take-home style exam • Submitted on Turnitin.comMidterm • Available November 2 Exam • Due November 8 • Short answer and essay on material presented up to Week 6. • Study guide now online

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