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INTRODUCTION TO EARTH       SCIENCE         Prof. Resnick         Please turn off          cell phones &            put away
INTRODUCTION TO EARTH       SCIENCE            Chapter 1
What is Earth Science?All sciences which deal with Earth  & its place in universe----
THEME:    EARTH IS DYNAMIC!
4 parts to Earth’s system:1) Atmosphere- carbon dioxide (CO2)-   free oxygen (O2)-   water vapor (H2O)
4 parts to Earth’s system:2) Hydrosphere – includes:
4 parts to Earth’s system:3) Biosphere – all life4) Geosphere – planet   (crust, mantle, core)
4 parts are interrelated:Ex: Clear cutting a forestBiosphere:Atmosphere:Geosphere:Hydrosphere:
4 parts are interrelated:Ex: Volcanic eruptionBiosphere:Atmosphere:Geosphere:Hydrosphere:
ScienceAttempts to understand, explain,  and predict events- collects data to discover patterns  in natural world
Detective AnalogyScientists are solving a mysteryScene of      Clues      Mysterythe Crime                Solved
Uniformitarianism (p. 325)1787: James HuttonPhysical, chemical, & biologic  laws unchanged through time- forces which appe...
Hutton’s Unconformity Diagram
Scientific ProcessAsk a question:1) Collect facts by observation or   measurement
Scientific Process2) Explain how or why it happens    (hypothesis)3) Design experiment to test validity of hypothesis
Scientific Process4) Accept, modify, or reject hypothesisTheory – well-tested framework that best explains the observations
Scientific RevolutionNew information leads to a better explanation of observationsOccurs due to:   a) new approach to the ...
Scientific RevolutionAstronomy example: - Ptolemian Astronomy      Earth is center of universe - Copernican Astronomy     ...
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01_introduction_students_revised

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE Prof. Resnick Please turn off cell phones & put away
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE Chapter 1
  3. 3. What is Earth Science?All sciences which deal with Earth & its place in universe----
  4. 4. THEME: EARTH IS DYNAMIC!
  5. 5. 4 parts to Earth’s system:1) Atmosphere- carbon dioxide (CO2)- free oxygen (O2)- water vapor (H2O)
  6. 6. 4 parts to Earth’s system:2) Hydrosphere – includes:
  7. 7. 4 parts to Earth’s system:3) Biosphere – all life4) Geosphere – planet (crust, mantle, core)
  8. 8. 4 parts are interrelated:Ex: Clear cutting a forestBiosphere:Atmosphere:Geosphere:Hydrosphere:
  9. 9. 4 parts are interrelated:Ex: Volcanic eruptionBiosphere:Atmosphere:Geosphere:Hydrosphere:
  10. 10. ScienceAttempts to understand, explain, and predict events- collects data to discover patterns in natural world
  11. 11. Detective AnalogyScientists are solving a mysteryScene of Clues Mysterythe Crime Solved
  12. 12. Uniformitarianism (p. 325)1787: James HuttonPhysical, chemical, & biologic laws unchanged through time- forces which appear small can produce features very largeEx: Colorado River and Grand Canyon
  13. 13. Hutton’s Unconformity Diagram
  14. 14. Scientific ProcessAsk a question:1) Collect facts by observation or measurement
  15. 15. Scientific Process2) Explain how or why it happens (hypothesis)3) Design experiment to test validity of hypothesis
  16. 16. Scientific Process4) Accept, modify, or reject hypothesisTheory – well-tested framework that best explains the observations
  17. 17. Scientific RevolutionNew information leads to a better explanation of observationsOccurs due to: a) new approach to the question b) new technology
  18. 18. Scientific RevolutionAstronomy example: - Ptolemian Astronomy Earth is center of universe - Copernican Astronomy Sun is center of solar system

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