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Creative Commons CopyTalk webinar October 2, 2014

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This is a presentation given for ALA's CopyTalk webinar series. It was presented by Timothy Vollmer on October 2, 2014.

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Creative Commons CopyTalk webinar October 2, 2014

  1. 1. Open licensing and the public domain: Tools and policies to support libraries, scholars, and the public Timothy Vollmer | CopyTalk webinar | October 2, 2014
  2. 2. What should we talk about? • What’s Creative Commons and why is it useful? • What are CC licenses and how do they work? • What are CC public domain tools and how do they work? • Who uses CC? • How is CC relevant for libraries? • Public policy around open licenses
  3. 3. Nonprofit organization Free copyright licenses Founded in 2001 Operate worldwide
  4. 4. Creative Commons develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation.
  5. 5. Flickr user: pugno_muliebriter, CC BY-NC 2.0
  6. 6. The problem: traditional copyright does not work well for sharing and free online collaboration.
  7. 7. Features of copyright today • It’s in the Constitution! • “To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” • attaches when an “original work of authorship is fixed in a tangible medium of expression” • applies to published/unpublished works; you get it automatically (no registration or marking required) • in U.S., lasts for life of author + 70 years • “bundle of rights” = reproduce, make derivative works, distribute, public performance
  8. 8. Features of copyright today • You have to ask permission • Copyright infringement can be expensive (in U.S. $750-$150,000/work infringed) • Safety valves on exclusive rights of authors = exceptions and limitations to copyright • Fair use • Federal government works not protected • Libraries, classroom teaching exception
  9. 9. Features of copyright today • Public domain = not protected by copyright • Copyright = “all rights reserved”; Public domain = “no rights reserved” • Don’t have to ask permission! • in U.S., stuff that was published before 1923 • Facts not protected • copyrighted works rise into the public domain after copyright term expires or when author puts it there beforehand
  10. 10. FAST FWD
  11. 11. With the web, It’s so damn easy to share
  12. 12. But how to ask permission?
  13. 13. How to support those that just want to share?
  14. 14. CC’s solution: A simple, standardized, legally robust way to grant copyright permissions to creative works (and data).
  15. 15. “Lowers transaction costs”
  16. 16. CC’s legal infrastructure: (1) Copyright Licenses (2)Public Domain Tools
  17. 17. (1) CC Copyright Licenses
  18. 18. CC licenses build on traditional copyright • CC works within the existing system by allowing movement from “All Rights Reserved” to “Some Rights Reserved” • CC improves copyright by giving creators a choice about which freedoms to grant and which rights to keep • CC minimizes transaction costs by granting the public certain permissions beforehand.
  19. 19. License Building Blocks All CC licenses are combinations of 4 elements: Attribution" ShareAlike" NonCommercial" NoDerivatives"
  20. 20. Public Domain Dedication Licenses
  21. 21. Creative Commons License Chooser: http://creativecommons.org/choose/
  22. 22. Anatomy of a CC License:
  23. 23. " !
  24. 24. Important License Attributes • All are non-exclusive, irrevocable public licenses • All require attribution • All permit reuse for at least noncommercial purposes in unmodified form • Do not contract away any user rights (exceptions/ limitations like fair use) • CC licensor enters into a separate license agreement with each user
  25. 25. Important License Attributes • License runs with the work, recipient may not apply technological measures or conditions that limit another recipients rights under the license, e.g. no DRM • No warranties • License terminates immediately upon breach • CC is not a party to the license
  26. 26. (2) Public Domain Tools
  27. 27. CC0 Public Domain Dedication (read “CC Zero”) Universal waiver, permanently surrenders copyright and related rights, placing the work as nearly as possible into the public domain worldwide
  28. 28. CC Public Domain Mark Not legally operative, but a label to be used by those with knowledge of a work already in the public domain Only intended for use with works in the worldwide public domain
  29. 29. 75 jurisdictions
  30. 30. 500M – 1B works
  31. 31. Version 4.0
  32. 32. Sui Generis Database Rights • now licensed alongside copyright; doesn’t apply where they don’t exist Common-sense attribution • URI shortcut possible 30-day window to correct license violations • rights reinstated if fixed within 30 days of discovery More global/better readability • end porting now! Operation of Share-Alike • downstream adaptations can come under later version of SA license Clarity about ND • extract and reuse under ND licenses, but no sharing
  33. 33. Who uses Creative Commons?
  34. 34. Wikipedia: Over 77,000 contributors working on over 22 million articles in 285 languages; 23 million files on Commons
  35. 35. Open Educational Resources
  36. 36. What about libraries?
  37. 37. 1) CC0 for library metadata 2) Tag resources with rights info 3) Open license for library owned content 4) Open policy for university research 5) Copyright education/advocacy
  38. 38. 1) CC0 for library metadata 2) Tag resources with rights info 3) Open license for library owned content 4) Open policy for university research 5) Copyright education/advocacy
  39. 39. Europeana: 30M metadata items under CC0, 5 million digital object with PDM and 2.8 million digital objects under one of the CC licenses
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  44. 44. 60
  45. 45. 1) CC0 for library metadata 2) Tag resources with rights info 3) Open license for library owned content 4) Open policy for university research 5) Copyright education/advocacy
  46. 46. 62
  47. 47. Filter by usage rights Free Access - Rig... (3042) Restricted Access... (866) CC BY-NC-SA (308) Public Domain marked (188) Unknown copyright... (144) Paid Access - Rig... (83) CC BY-NC (115) CC BY (58) CC BY-NC-ND (40) CC BY-SA (15) CC0 (1)
  48. 48. 65
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  50. 50. 1) CC0 for library metadata 2) Tag resources with rights info 3) Open license for library owned content 4) Open policy for university research 5) Copyright education/advocacy
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  53. 53. 1) CC0 for library metadata 2) Tag resources with rights info 3) Open license for library owned content 4) Open policy for university research 5) Copyright education/advocacy
  54. 54. 71
  55. 55. 1) CC0 for library metadata 2) Tag resources with rights info 3) Open license for library owned content 4) Open policy for university research 5) Copyright education/advocacy
  56. 56. An aside of increasing importance: Text and data mining
  57. 57. “The computer-based process of deriving or organizing information from text or data. It works by copying large quantities of material, extracting the data, and recombining it to identify patterns, trends and hypotheses or by providing the means to organize the information mined.” Text Mining and Data Analytics in Call for Evidence Responses. UK Government. http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ipreview-doc-t.pdf
  58. 58. “new” technique, new revenue opportunity for publishers
  59. 59. Carroll: “even content under a [BY-NC license] can be freely mined for commercial purposes because the license applies only to uses covered by copyright, and copyright does not regulate text mining—at least in the United States.”
  60. 60. Public policy
  61. 61. OPEN POLICY: Publicly funded resources are openly licensed resources
  62. 62. AusGOAL Australian Digital Alliance BCcampus Centrum Cyfrowe Cetis Commonwealth of Learning Connexions Creative Commons Creative Commons United States Curriki EIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries) Foundation for Excellence in Education Free Knowledge Advocacy Group EU Fundación Karisma Harvard Open Access Project (HOAP) iNACOL ISKME Lumen Learning Kennisland National Copyright Unit, Australia New Media Consortium New Media Rights OER Foundation Open Access Button Open Coalition Open Coalition Open Education Consortium Open Knowledge Foundation Open Textbook Library, University of Minnesota Open University of Tanzania rSmart Reme Melero, Consejo Superior de investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC) Spanish National Research Council Renata Aquino Saylor Academy SPARC Textbook Equity UNESCO Knowledge Societies Division U.S. Student PIRGs Wide World Ed Wiki Strategies
  63. 63. Questions?
  64. 64. Thank you very much! tvol@creativecommons.org

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