Life in the New England Colonies

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Life in the New England Colonies

  1. 1. The New England Way of Life Chapter 6.1
  2. 2. The Land and Climate <ul><li>Land was covered by forests. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil was rocky and not very fertile. </li></ul><ul><li>The harsh climate offered a short growing season. </li></ul>
  3. 3. New England’s Economic Activities <ul><li>Most settlers were subsistence farmers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farmers grew enough food for their own needs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sometimes they grew surpluses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or extra food which could be traded for goods. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. New England’s Economic Activities <ul><li>Shipbuilding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlers used the forests making ships. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood was brought from the country to Boston and Portsmouth where the ships were built. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. New England’s Economic Activities <ul><li>Fishing and Whaling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish were abundant along the New England coast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fisherman sometimes worked around the clock in freezing temperatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whaling produced ivory and oil for lamps </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. New England Towns <ul><li>People lived in towns working the fields around the towns. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The meeting house was the the center of town </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>town meetings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>church services. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stocks were used for people who had been found guilty of crimes. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. New England Towns <ul><li>Church Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion was very important to the Puritans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The church made laws about behavior, clothing, and education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attending church services was mandatory. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Town Meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens would meet to discuss issues that affected the town. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. At Home With the Family <ul><li>The home usually centered around the fireplace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold climate in New England. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooking </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. A Busy Life for Women <ul><li>Women worked equally as hard as men to provide for the family!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They helped clear land, plated and harvested crops, prepared food, managed animals, made candles, and made clothes. </li></ul></ul>

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