Chapter 8.1 fighting begins


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Chapter 8.1 fighting begins

  1. 1. Chapter 8: The American Revolution Section 1: Fighting Begins
  2. 2. What has happened? <ul><li>Concord and Lexington in April 1775 were the first real battles of the Revolutionary War. </li></ul><ul><li>(The Shot Heard Round the World) </li></ul><ul><li>Many people were afraid of breaking away. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unsure how long the war would last. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Afraid the British were better prepared and trained. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worried about their own families and homes. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Victory at Ticonderoga <ul><li>Spring of 1775 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Green Mountain Boys attacked Ft. Ticonderoga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Mountain Boys: Vermont Farmers who formed a militia to resist the Governor of New York’s attempt at taking control of Vermont. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GMB’s were led by a blacksmith, Ethan Allen. </li></ul><ul><li>GMB’s captured Fort Ticonderoga in a surprise attack </li></ul><ul><li>The victory yielded 100 cannons and many guns. </li></ul>“ Come out of there, you rat!”
  4. 4. The Second Continental Congress <ul><li>Delegates from all 13 colonies attended the 2 nd Continental Congress in Philadelphia in May 1775. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It acted like a national government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two things were accomplished. </li></ul><ul><li>1). Declared loyalty to King George if he </li></ul><ul><li>eliminated the Intolerable Acts with the Olive Branch Petition. </li></ul><ul><li>2). Established the Continental Army under the command of George Washington. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Comparing the British and American Forces <ul><li>British </li></ul><ul><li>Trained and Experienced.(+) </li></ul><ul><li>Well-Armed with a strong Navy.(+) </li></ul><ul><li>Had to fight 3000 miles away.(-) </li></ul><ul><li>British soldiers were vastly outnumbered by American Colonists.(-) </li></ul><ul><li>American </li></ul><ul><li>Very little training.(-) </li></ul><ul><li>Not very well-armed.(-) </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting to defend their own land. (+) </li></ul><ul><li>Many soldiers owned their own rifles and had knowledge on using them. (+) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Battle of Bunker Hill (June 16,1775) <ul><li>June 16, 1775: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans established a position north of Boston to fire on British ships in the harbor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Original position was Bunker Hill, but the soldiers dug new positions at Breed’s Hill because it was better. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At dawn, 2400 British soldiers attacked 1200 American soldiers at Breed’s Hill. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to low supplies Americans, were to shoot at the last possible moment. “the whites of their eyes” </li></ul><ul><li>After 3 attempts the British defeated the Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans showed they could withstand a British attack. </li></ul>
  7. 8. The British Leave Boston <ul><li>Weeks after Battle of Bunker Hill the British left Boston harbor, while being fired upon by the cannons captured at Ft. Ticonderoga. </li></ul><ul><li>The British left the harbor, but they made a blockade around Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>Afterwards, the British King hired Hessian troops from Germany. </li></ul>BOSTON HARBOR
  8. 9. The Invasion of Canada (Fall and Winter 1775) <ul><li>American leaders thought French Canadians would side with the American cause </li></ul><ul><li>Americans invaded Canada to kick out the British. </li></ul><ul><li>One group traveled through Maine, the other down the St. Lawrence River. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans in were defeated in Quebec December 1775. </li></ul><ul><li>The American army was tired and demoralized after such a difficult and defeating experience. </li></ul>