State of Rail in Australia

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State of Rail in Australia

  1. 1. CRC Workshop 2009 p State of Rail in Australia Bryan Nye Chief Executive Officer www.ara.net.au
  2. 2. History y 1850-1900 Pioneering 1901 Lost Opportunity ( Federalism ) 1900-1960 Glory Days 1960-1996 Lost Opportunity 2000 Renaissance www.ara.net.au
  3. 3. www.ara.net.au
  4. 4. Seven Kingdoms g Federated History – 22 gauges, now there are 9 Standard – NSW, Inter Capital (WA, SA, VIC) Broad – VIC, SA Narrow – QLD, WA 22 Communications Networks www.ara.net.au
  5. 5. Rail Industry: Size y Labour force: 44,210 people(+9.5%) people( 9.5%) – +70,000 working in industries supporting rail Investment Commitments: – Rolling stock and track $ BN $36 Track: 44 262 km 44,262 www.ara.net.au
  6. 6. Track Ownership p Private Rail (BHP, Rio Tinto, FMG) 7,000 km QR 9,521 km RailCorp 1,700 km WestNet Rail 6,622 km ARTC (pre ARTC/NSW lease) 10,000 km Sugar Cane Railways 4,150 km VicTrack Vi T k 3,676 km 3 676 k Asia Pacific Rail 2,251 km www.ara.net.au
  7. 7. Passenger Operators g p Rail Corp (NSW) Queensland Rail Connex /MTR(Vic franchise) V/Line Yarra Trams/KDR (Vic franchise) Great Southern Railway (GSR) TransAdelaide Veolia Transport Sydney WA Public Transport Authority Urban Passenger Rail g 724.7million journeys j y (47.6 million increase 7%) Non-Urban Passenger Rail 13.38 million journeys ( (19.2% increase) ) www.ara.net.au
  8. 8. Environment Change g Relative Change 2004 to 2008 Petrol Price + 31% Population + 6% Private Road Vehicle Use + 1% Heavy Rail y + 23% Light Rail + 10% Bus + 11% Public Transport + 18%
  9. 9. Freight Operators Hire and Reward Pacific National (PN) P ifi N i l Genessee and Wyoming (G&W) Queensland Rail (QR) ( ) Southern Shorthaul Railroad / Specialised Container Coote/Silverton Services (SCT) Independent Rail Australia FreightLink Freightliner Tasrail CFCL EL Zorro www.ara.net.au
  10. 10. Freight Operators g p Special Operators BHP Billiton Iron Ore Pilbara Rail Company Comalco Sugar cane railways www.ara.net.au
  11. 11. Rail Freight - Big Picture g g 2006/07 2007/08 Change Coal 265.79 278.43 4.75% Ore 274.12 315.72 15.2% Sugar 31.27 27.72 -11% Grain 9.79 10.08 3% Bauxite 10.18 18.06 77% Other Bulk 55.90 53.06 -5% Non-Bulk 18.58 21.76 17% Total 634.64 719.1 13% * Numbers in million tones. www.ara.net.au
  12. 12. WA Investment $ $2.2 BN (Passenger & Freight) plus Rio Tinto BHP $2.3BN FMG www.ara.net.au
  13. 13. SA Investment Light Rail Electrification Upgrade $2.2 BN www.ara.net.au
  14. 14. VIC Investment Meeting our Transport Challenge (MTOC)-$10.2BN(10yrs Vic Regional Rail $4 15BN Rail-$4.15BN Plus $300Ml in Freight N t F i ht Networkk www.ara.net.au
  15. 15. NSW Investment $6 BN Infrastructure/Rolling stock www.ara.net.au
  16. 16. QLD Investment Passenger $1.4 BN Freight $2.3 BN www.ara.net.au
  17. 17. ARTC – Australian Government $2.45 BN - Infrastructure www.ara.net.au
  18. 18. Freight Operators Pacific National (PN) CFCLA GWS $2.1 BN FreightLink SCT www.ara.net.au
  19. 19. Rail Market Share of Interstate Freight Movements DARWIN KATHERINE TENNANT CREEK 90%+ ALICE SPRINGS 80%+ BRISBANE 80%+ TARCOOLA 21% BROKEN HILL KALGOORLIE 5% PERTH SYDNEY ADELAIDE 5% 7% MELBOURNE www.ara.net.au
  20. 20. Projected Market - 2010 Melbourne – Brisbane: – 53% (7.4 mt) (7 4 (26% cheaper) (25.6 hrs) Melbourne – Sydney: – 13% (6% cheaper) (10.5 hrs) Sydney – Brisbane: – 11% % (4% cheaper) (15.1 hrs) www.ara.net.au
  21. 21. Transport Challenge Volume & Movement of Freight will Double Over Next 10 15 Years 10-15 Congestion Cost 13BN in 1995, $30 BN by 2015 Current R d & R il I d C t Road Rail Inadequate t Climate Change Community Expectation y p www.ara.net.au
  22. 22. Benefits Safest form of land transport Environment – 9 times more energy efficient – one train, two drivers = 150 train trucks & 45,000 litres of fuel Efficient rail is a cheaper mode of freight transport than road on all inter capital corridors www.ara.net.au
  23. 23. Government Challenges Ongoing Microeconomic Reform National Plan Development Incentives to Invest Regional Rail www.ara.net.au
  24. 24. Regulatory Framework One Safety Regulator not seven y g One Safety Investigator Economic , Environment, OH&S, Noise, Training, Skills et al www.ara.net.au
  25. 25. Dedicated Sydney Freight Corridor Southern Sydney Freight Line Port Botany + Moorebank Strathfield North – Stage 1 $800 M (Yet to be funded) Stage 2 $ $1.5 BN Stage 3 $ 2.0 BN g www.ara.net.au
  26. 26. Locomotive Fleet Locomotive Age Cumulative Number Total Diesel 100% Electric All Locomotives Average Age 80% 500 Aus 34.8 Years Average Age Average Age USA 8 Years 60% 40% 250 20% 0 0% less than 5 6 to 10 11 to 15 16 to 20 21 to 25 26 to 30 more than years years years years years years 30 years www.ara.net.au
  27. 27. Regional Rail www.ara.net.au
  28. 28. Industry Challenges Level Crossing Passenger Operation Harmonisation Innovation and Technology Skill Shortages www.ara.net.au
  29. 29. Level Crossings E ngineering Th 4 E’s he E E ducation E nforcement E nough is Enough www.ara.net.au
  30. 30. Harmonisation www.ara.net.au
  31. 31. Information www.ara.net.au
  32. 32. Future Train Control Satellite navigation? Control Centre Voice comms On board train detection Movement authority Intelligent Advisory speed Traffic Management Key nodes Limited signalling Limited train detection www.ara.net.au
  33. 33. Modular Turnouts www.ara.net.au
  34. 34. Digital Technology e-cash seat reservation www.ara.net.au
  35. 35. Communicate Modern Exciting Industry Internal/External Sell The Message RAIL – Today’s Solutions for Tomorrow’s Problems www.ara.net.au

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