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LEEDing the Way

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NurseryWorks 2013
(video: http://NurseryWorks.weebly.com/2013-content-archive.html)

Jim Schuessler, Landscape Architecture Associate, BNIM
SPONSORED BY FRONTIER FARM CREDIT
Obtaining LEED certification on building and landscape projects is about saving money, conserving energy, reducing water use, and improving improving homes and communities. But what does that mean for landscape projects? With over 16 years of experience as a landscape architect and land planner and 7 years of LEED registration, Jim Schuessler will share with us how LEED works, why it works for landscapes and how it is best for growers and landscape contractors to work on LEED projects.

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LEEDing the Way

  1. 1. NurseryWorks Conference LEEDing the Way Manhattan, KS | 17 July 2013 NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 1
  2. 2. Sustainability is in many ways an ancient concept idea. Many Indigenous Structures respond to:  Climate  Culture  Place Mesa Verde, Colorado NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 2
  3. 3. Toll on the Environment Global Warming Ozone Depletion Air Pollution Soil Erosion & Water Pollution “Every living system is in decline and the rate of decline is increasing.” -The Union of Concerned Scientists NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 3
  4. 4. Buildings Today Satellite Photo at Night Showing Electric Light Usage and Light Pollution Clear Cutting, a Non-sustainable Forestry Practice Water Consumption Today buildings in the U.S. account for:       36% of 65% of 30% of 30% of 30% of 12% of the the the the the the world's energy annually world’s electricity annually world’s greenhouse gas emissions world’s raw material use world’s waste (136 tons annually) world’s potable water consumption Source: USGBC NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 4
  5. 5. Buildings Today Satellite Photo at Night Showing Electric Light Usage and Light Pollution Clear Cutting, a Non-sustainable Forestry Practice Water Consumption GROWTH OF GREEN BUILDING • • • • As of 2010, green building accounted for 25% of all new construction The green building market is expected to reach $135 billion by 2015 The value of green building construction starts was up 50% from 2008 - 2010 Over 160,000 professionals hold LEED credential NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 5
  6. 6. Definition Sustainable design: “[Sustainable development] meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” - World Commission on the Environment and Development NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 6
  7. 7. LEED® To help offset the environmental impacts of building and operating buildings, some owners choose to use the LEEDTM rating systems as a guideline: Benefits of Certification  Receive recognition and publicity for sustainable design leadership  Contribute to a growing body of knowledge  Educate others  Validate claims through third party certification  Gain a market advantage with a recognized trade name  Utilize government incentive programs  Improve the value of the building over time NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 7
  8. 8. LEED Rating Systems NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 8
  9. 9. Main Credit Categories NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 9
  10. 10. Possible Points LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations 100 base points; 6 possible Innovation in Design and 4 Regional Priority points     Certified 40–49 points Silver 50–59 points Gold 60–79 points Platinum 80 points and above NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 10
  11. 11. Sustainable Sites Credits 26 Possible Points                Prerequisite 1 Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Required SScr1 Site Selection SScr2 Development Density and Community Connectivity SScr3 Brownfield Redevelopment SS4.1 Alternative Transportation—Public Transportation Access SS4.2 Alternative Transportation—Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms SScr4.3 Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles SScr4.4 Alternative Transportation—Parking Capacity SScr5.1 Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat SScr5.2 Site Development—Maximize Open Space SScr6.1 Stormwater Design—Quantity Control SScr6.2 Stormwater Design—Quality Control SScr7.1 Heat Island Effect—Nonroof SScr7.2 Heat Island Effect—Roof SScr8 Light Pollution Reduction NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 11
  12. 12. Water Efficiency Credits 10 Possible Points     Prerequisite 1 Water Use Reduction Required WEcr1 Water Efficient Landscaping WEcr2 Innovative Wastewater Technologies WEcr3 Water Use Reduction NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 12
  13. 13. Other Contributions 10 Possible Points  Materials and Resources - MRcr3 Materials Reuse - MRcr4 Recycled Content Credit - MRcr5 Regional Materials - MRcr6 Rapidly Renewable Materials - MRcr7 Certified Wood  Innovation in Design NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 13
  14. 14. SUSTAINABLE SITES INITIATIVE™ (SITES™) An interdisciplinary effort to create voluntary national guidelines and a rating system for sustainable land design, construction and maintenance practices for landscapes of all types, with or without buildings NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 14
  15. 15. IMPORTANCE OF SITE AND LANDSCAPE SUSTAINABLE SITES INITIATIVE Existing design and construction rating systems include little recognition of the benefits of sustainable landscape and site design. While carbonneutral performance remains the holy grail for green buildings, sustainable landscapes move beyond a do-no-harm approach by sequestering carbon, managing stormwater, cleaning the air, increasing energy efficiency, restoring habitats, and ultimately providing significant economic, social, and environmental benefits. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 15
  16. 16. GUIDELINES AND PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS SUSTAINABLE SITES INITIATIVE • • • • • • • • • • Do no harm Use the precautionary principle Design with nature and culture Use a decision-making hierarchy of preservation, restoration and regeneration Provide regenerative systems as intergenerational equity Support a living process Use a systems thinking approach Use a collaborative and ethical approach Maintain integrity in leadership and research Instill a sense of stewardship NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 16
  17. 17. THE SITES RATING SYSTEM SUSTAINABLE SITES INITIATIVE Measures a sites sustainability within the context of ecosystem services • 250 point scale • Recognize % of attainment • Multiple point levels for many credits LEVELS OF PILOT 4 CERTIFICATION =100 points (40%) =125 points (50%) =150 points (60%) =200 points (80%) NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 17
  18. 18. SUPPORT SUSTAINABILITY IN PLANT PRODUCTION Site Design – Material Selection Credit No. 9 (3 Points) Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Intent: Purchase plants from providers who reduce resource consumption and waste. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 18
  19. 19. Requirement: Obtain 90 percent of purchased plants from businesses that employ at least six of the eight practices listed below. 1. Irrigation: Use 50 percent of the total annual irrigation volume or reduce total irrigation volume by 50 percent. 2. Reduce runoff from irrigation: Capture and recycle all irrigation runoff water on site. (i.e. no dry-weather discharges). 3. Choose sustainable soil amendments and growing media: Use peat-free growing media (i.e. compost, manure or other sustainable sources). 4. Recycle organic matter: Compost and/or recycle 100 percent of vegetation trimmings on site for use in nursery operations or for sale to the public. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 19
  20. 20. Requirement (cont.) 5. Reduce waste: Conduct a waste audit to identify the weight or volume of on-going consumables, and reuse, recycle, or compost 50 percent of the on-going consumables waste stream. 6. Use integrated pest management (IPM): Employ a certified IPM practitioner OR use a IPM-certified nursery. 7. Prevent use and distribution of invasive species: Demonstrate that invasive species are managed and are not distributed. 8. Reduce energy consumption: Demonstrate that the energy use during the three most recent years is at least 25 percent less than the average energy use over the previous ten years. 9. Use renewable energy sources: Use on-site renewable energy sources to meet 10 percent of electricity demands OR engage in at least a four-year contract for the purchase of 20 percent of electricity from renewable energy sources. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 20
  21. 21. SUPPORT SUSTAINABILITY IN MATERIALS MANUFACTURING Site Design – Material Selection Credit No. 10 (3-6 Points) Passeig de St.Joan by Lola Domenech Barcelona, Spain Funenpark by LANDLAB Amsterdam Intent: Support sustainable practices in materials manufacturing by purchasing materials from manufacturers whose practices increase energy efficiency, reduce resource consumption and waste, and minimize negative effects on human health and the environment. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 21
  22. 22. Requirement: 3 points: 25% [or 6 points for 50%] of purchased products for construction (by cost) are sourced from manufacturers who meet the following:  Have developed an Environmental Management System (consistent with ISO 14001 or equivalent) to reduce negative environmental effects and increase operating efficiency.  Inventory and publicly disclose all intentionally added chemical constituents and all unintentional chemical residuals or impurities present at 100 ppm (0.01% w/w) or more.  And…. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 22
  23. 23. And meet 3 of the following 7 1. Products do not contain intentionally added constituents that are deemed to be: - probable carcinogens, toxic compounds, and toxicants. 2. Document reductions of at least 20 percent per unit of product since the baseline year in at least two of the following three categories: - emission of hazardous air pollutants - emission of toxic water pollutants - generation of hazardous and non-hazardous waste 3. A peer-reviewed full life cycle assessment (LCA) or an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) has been conducted for the product. 4. The product manufacturer demonstrates that the manufacturing process per unit of product consumes 25% less energy than average for the industry 5. The product manufacturer uses on-site renewable energy sources to generate 10% of its electricity OR is engaged in at least a 4-year contract for the purchase of 20 percent of electricity from renewable sources 6. The product manufacturer demonstrates that the three best years for carbon emissions in the previous 10 years are at least 25 percent better than its corresponding 10-year average OR the product manufacturer purchases carbon offsets for 25 percent of its own carbon emissions. 7. Potable water use makes up less than 25% of total water consumption demands during manufacturing for the product line specified (i.e., non-potable sources are used to meet 75 percent of water consumption demands). NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 23
  24. 24. State of Kansas Projects LEED Certified Projects Levels No. Certified  Certified ……………………………………………… 19  Silver ……………………………………………….. 41 - Service Center for U.S. Dept of Agriculture - 13 projects at Fort Riley  Gold …………………………………………………. 30 -  KSU Justin Hall Addition (LEED-CI) Flint Hills Discovery Center KSU School of Leadership Studies KSU Jardine 5 Retail (LEED-CI) 4 projects at Fort Riley Platinum ……………………………………………. 8 - The first 6 were in Greensburg (10 total) - Juvenile Services Center, Olathe - Center for Design Research, Lawrence NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 24
  25. 25. LEED Projects I have assisted with designing - Kanas City Internal Revenue Service Greensburg Incubator, Greensburg Greensburg BTI, John Deere Greensburg School Greensburg City Hall Iowa Utilities Board|OCA Bldg Applebee’s Restaurant Support Center Rockhurst University North Garage Fort Osage Education Center Grinnell College Preschool Psych Lab Little Big Horn College, Health and Wellness Ctr Iowa State University – Troxel Hall University of Iowa – Art Bldg Replacement Certified Platinum Platinum Platinum Platinum Platinum Silver Silver Gold Silver Platinum (Pending) Gold (Pending) Gold (Pending) NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 25
  26. 26. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 26
  27. 27. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 27
  28. 28. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 28
  29. 29. Sustainable Sites Credit 5.1 Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat  Restore or protect a minimum of 50% of the site (excluding the building footprint) or 20% of the total site area (including building footprint), whichever is greater, with native or adapted vegetation* *Native or adapted plants are plants indigenous to a locality or cultivars of native plants that are adapted to the local climate and are not considered invasive species or noxious weeds. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 29
  30. 30. Photo: © BNIM NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 30
  31. 31. Photo: © BNIM NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 31
  32. 32. Photos: © Assassi, Schuessler NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 32
  33. 33. Photos: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 33
  34. 34. - Text/Image Slide - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 34
  35. 35. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 35
  36. 36. - Text/Image Slide - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx Photo: © BNIM NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 36
  37. 37. Photos: © Assassi, Schuessler NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 37
  38. 38. Photo: © Assassi, Schuessler NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 38
  39. 39. - Text/Image Slide - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx - xxxxx Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 39
  40. 40. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 40
  41. 41. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 41
  42. 42. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 42
  43. 43. 42% Vegetated Open Space SS Credit 5.2: Site Development—Maximize Open Space To promote biodiversity by providing a high ratio of open space to development footprint. Exceeds local zoning open space requirements by 25%. OR Provide a vegetated open space area adjacent to the building that is equal in area to the building footprint. OR Provide vegetated open space equal to 20% of the project site area. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 44
  44. 44. IUB / OCA Building, Des Moines, IA Photo: © BNIM NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 45
  45. 45. LEED Platinum Certified Connectivity The IUB/OCA campus is on the capital campus with a visual connectivity to the capital. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 46
  46. 46. Central Courtyard The landscape transitions to a more formal expression within the courtyard accented by sculpture that moves with the wind. Photos: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 47
  47. 47. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 48
  48. 48. Photo: © Schuessler NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 49
  49. 49. Year-Round Interest Landscape changes with the seasons. Sedums and little bluestem change from greens and blues to reds in the fall. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 50 Photo: © Schuessler
  50. 50. Integration The plaza and stabilized granite building plinth integrate with the building façade/solar shelves blurring the inside from the outside rooms. Photos: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 51
  51. 51. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 52
  52. 52. Photo: © BNIM NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 53
  53. 53. KC IRS Campus Photos: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 54
  54. 54. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 55
  55. 55. Photo: © Schuessler NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 56
  56. 56. Photo: © Sinclair NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 57
  57. 57. Water Efficiency Credit 1.0 Water Efficient Landscaping NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 58 Photos: © Schuessler
  58. 58. Table: Irrigation Baseline Case (July) Ks Kd Kmc ET IE CE Species Factor Density Factor Microclimate Factor Evapotranspiration Rate Irrigation Efficiency Controller Effieciecy NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 59
  59. 59. NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 60
  60. 60. EPA District 7 Headquarters Lenexa, Kansas Photos: © Assassi, BNIM NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 61
  61. 61. Sustainable Sites Credit 6.2 Stormwater Design—Quality Control Photos: © Schuessler NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 62
  62. 62. Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 63
  63. 63. Central Courtyard Photo: © Assassi NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 64
  64. 64. Thank You Jim Schuessler, ASLA 913-669-7271 jschuessler@bnim.com NurseryWorks Conference Questions Manhattan, KS | 17 July 2013 NurseryWorks | 7.17.13 | 65

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