Ancient greek gods and goddesses

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Ancient greek gods and goddesses

  1. 1. ANCIENT GREEK GODS AND GODDESSES Mrs. Miles’ Social Studies Class
  2. 2. Sept 7 th Openers <ul><li>1.) Pericles was famous for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) his support of education, art and architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) his support of the military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) his desire to conquer the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D) his support of direct democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2.) Why was education important to Athenian democracy ? </li></ul><ul><li>A) It helped people rule themselves wisely. </li></ul><ul><li>B)It helped people vote with paper ballots. </li></ul><ul><li>C)It provided skills to create great art and literature. </li></ul><ul><li>D)It spread Greek knowledge throughout the ancient world. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Zeus <ul><li>God of the heavens and the earth, ruler of the weather, giver of justice </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled with his lightning and thunderbolts </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: eagle and oak tree </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hera <ul><li>Goddess of marriage and married women; wife of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: cow </li></ul>
  5. 5. Poseidon <ul><li>God of the sea and earthquakes; brother of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: trident, dolphins and horses </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hades <ul><li>God of the underworld; guarded all the dead </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: Cerberus (three headed dog) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hestia <ul><li>Goddess of the hearth and home; known for her pure and simple life </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: hearth fire </li></ul>
  8. 8. Demeter <ul><li>Goddess of all growing things; when she was sad and lonely plants did not grow (winter) </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: a bunch of wheat and the cornucopia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Athena <ul><li>Goddess of wisdom and war; daughter of Zeus who sprouted from his head </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: owl and olive tree </li></ul>
  10. 10. Aphrodite <ul><li>Goddess of love and beauty; born form the foam of the sea and rode to shore on a seashell </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: dove, sparrow and rose </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ares <ul><li>God of war, hatred and violence; he had a short temper </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: dogs, vultures, spear and shield </li></ul>
  12. 12. Hephaestus <ul><li>God of blacksmiths, metalworkers and craftsmen; son of Zeus and Hera; married to Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: anvil and hammer </li></ul>
  13. 13. Apollo <ul><li>God of sunlight, truth, poetry, music and healing; twin brother of the goddess Artemis; protector of single men </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: lyre (harp) and wreath </li></ul>
  14. 14. Artemis <ul><li>Goddess of the moon, single women, hunting and childbirth </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: crescent moon, stag (deer), bow and arrow </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hermes <ul><li>God of trade, travel and theft; messenger for the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: winged cap and winged sandals </li></ul>
  16. 16. Dionysus <ul><li>God of wine, parties and drama </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: grapes, a wine cup or a leopard </li></ul>

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