National laws concerning the environment

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National laws concerning the environment

  1. 1. Prepared by:Joel P. Ogoc, Ed. D. Master Teacher IIScience Department
  2. 2.  Also known as the “National Integrated Protected Areas Systems (NIPAS) Act of 1992 The law protects the natural environment from the profound effect of human activities like  Increasing population  Resource exploitation  Industrial advancement Areas considered protected are those with  biologically unique features to sustain human life  Unique plant and animal life
  3. 3.  Protected area refers to identified portion of land and water set aside by reasons of their unique physical and biological significance managed to enhance biodiversity The following are considered protected areas  Nature reserves  Wildlife sanctuaries  Natural parks and monuments  Protected land and seascapes The lead agency for implementing the law is the DENR Violators of the law will be penalized from 5000 to 500,000 and imprisonment of 1 year or as determined by court
  4. 4.  Also known as “The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997” The law recognizes, protects and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities and indigenous people The National Commission on Indigenous People (NCIP) will carry out the formulation and implementation of policies for this act Convicted violators will be punished by imprisonment of not less than 9 months and not more than 12 years or a fine of not less than 10,000 and not more than 500,000 or both as the court dictates
  5. 5.  Also known as “The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998” The law provides for the development, management and conservation of the fisheries and aquatic resources for food security A position is created on the Department of Agriculture for an Undersecretary for Fisheries and Aquatic Resources to oversee the implementation of this act To ensure services, the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources will prepare and implement a development plan, issue license and identification for commercial fishing
  6. 6.  Violations of prohibited acts by a commercial fishing boat captain shall be fined 10,000 and imprisonment of 6 months with automatic revocation of license and confiscation of catch and fishing gears For an unregistered fisherfolk who violates , he will be fined 5000 and confiscation of catch For foreign fishing vessels poaching in Philippine waters will be fined 100,000 US dollars in addition to the confiscation of catch and fishing equipments/vessel Possession of explosives, imprisonment from 6 months to 2 years Actual use of explosive, imprisonment of 5 years to 10 years
  7. 7.  Selling of illegally caught fisheries, imprisonment of 6 months to 2 years Use of fine mesh nets, fine of 2,000 to 20,000 and imprisonment of 6 months to 2 years or both as determined by court Coral exportation and exploitation, imprisonment for 6 months to 2 years and a fine of 2,000 or 20,000 or both as determined by court Muro ami method of fishing, 2 to 10 years imprisonment and fine of 100,000 to 500,000 or both as deemed by court Sell or export of white sand and pebbles, imprisonment of 2 to 10 years and fine of 100,000 to 500,000 or both as decided by court
  8. 8.  Also known as “The Clean Air Act of 1999” The law protect and advance the right of people to a balanced and healthful ecology It promote and protect global environment to attain sustainable development It recognizes the responsibility of cleaning the habitat and environment It recognizes the responsibility to deal with environmental problems The law recognizes the principle that “polluters must pay”
  9. 9.  The lead agency is the DENR with its Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) together with DOST, DOE and the DOTC Violation of Standards for Stationary Sources, the Pollution Adjudication Board shall impose a fine of not more than 100,000 for every day of violation Violation of Standards for Motor Vehicles, non registration of the vehicle at the DOTC For the driver  First offense – not more than 2000  Second offense – not less than 2000 not more than 4000  Third offense – 1 year suspension and fine of not less than 4000 but not more than 6000
  10. 10.  Also known as the “Ecological Solid Waste Management A ct of 2000” The law adopts a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program which shall ensure protection of public health and environment and utilize environmentally-sound methods of resource conservation and recovery The lead agency is the DENR through its EMB together with DILG, DOST, DPWH, DOH, DTI and TESDA
  11. 11.  Littering on public places and burning of solid waste, fine of not less than 300 but not more than 1000 or community service of 1 to 15 days or both Dumping, squatting and burying on flood prone areas, fine of not less than 1000 but not more than 3000 or imprisonment of not less than 15 days but not more than 6 months or both Operation of open dumps and use of non- environment ally friendly packaging materials, fine of not less than 500,000 plus not less than 5% but not more than 10% of his earnings for the previous year of operation An imprisonment of not less than 1 year but not to exceed 3 years at the discretion of the court for second or subsequent violation
  12. 12.  Also known as the “National Caves and Cave Resources Management and Protection Act” The law conserves, protects and manages caves and cave resources as part of the country’s natural wealth The lead implementing is DENR in coordination with DOT, National Museum, the National Historical Institute and LGUs Prohibited acts include knowingly destroying, defacing, altering, disturbing, marring or harming of speleogem or speleothem and gathering, selling and possessing cave resources without authority
  13. 13.  Violators will be fined 20,000 to 500,000 or imprisonment of 2 to 6 years or both The person furnishing the capital will be fined 500,000 to 1,000,000 or imprisonment of 6 years and 1 day up to 8 years or both as determined by court Plus restoration of the area to its original form whenever practicable or compensation for the damages And if the offender is a government employee, he must be removed from government service
  14. 14.  Also known as the “Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act” The law conserves the country’s wildlife resources and their habitats for sustainability by protecting, conserving and regulating it The DENR is the lead agency for its implementation together with the DA For killing and destroying wildlife species, imprisonment of 6 to 12 years and fine of 100,000 to 1,000,000
  15. 15.  killing and destroying wildlife species, except in the following instances;  when it is done as part of the religious rituals of established tribal groups or indigenous cultural communities;  when the wildlife is afflicted with an incurable communicable disease;  when it is deemed necessary to put an end to the misery suffered by the wildlife;  when it is done to prevent an imminent danger to the life or limb of a human being; and  when the wildlife is killed or destroyed after it has been used in authorized research or experiments. inflicting injury which cripples and/or impairs the reproductive system of wildlife species;
  16. 16.  effecting any of the following acts in critical habitat(s) dumping of waste products detrimental to wildlife; squatting or otherwise occupying any portion of the critical habitat; mineral exploration and/or extraction; burning; logging; and quarrying
  17. 17.  For illegal acts under paragraph (b) of the immediately preceding section, the following penalties and/or fines shall be imposed; imprisonment of minimum of four (4) years and one (1) day to six (6) years and/or a fine of Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) to Five hundred thousand pesos (P500,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against species listed as critical; imprisonment of two (2) years and one (1) day to four (4) years and/or a fine of Thirty thousand pesos (P30,000.00) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against endangered species; imprisonment of one (1) year and one (1) day to two (2) years and/or a fine of Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against vulnerable species;
  18. 18.  imprisonment of six (6) months and one (1) day to one (1) year and/or fine of Ten thousand pesos (P10,000.00) to Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against other threatened species; and imprisonment of one (1) month to six (6) months and/or a fine of Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) to Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against other wildlife species. For illegal acts under paragraphs (c) and (d) of the immediately preceding section, an imprisonment of one (1) month to eight (8) years and/or a fine of Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) to Five million pesos (P5,000,000.00) shall be imposed.
  19. 19.  introduction, reintroduction or restocking of wildlife resources; trading of wildlife; collecting, hunting or possessing wildlife, their by- products and derivatives; gathering or destroying of active nests, nest trees, host plants and the like; maltreating and/or inflicting other injuries not covered by the preceding paragraph; and transporting of wildlife.
  20. 20.  For illegal acts under paragraphs (c) and (d) of the immediately preceding section, an imprisonment of one (1) month to eight (8) years and/or a fine of Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) to Five million pesos (P5,000,000.00) shall be imposed. For illegal acts under paragraph (e), the following penalties and/or fines shall be imposed: imprisonment of two (2) years and one (1) day to four (4) years and/or a fine of Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) to Three hundred thousand pesos (P300,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against species listed as critical; imprisonment of one (1) year and one (1) day to two (2) years and/or a fine of Two thousand pesos (P2,000.00) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against endangered species;
  21. 21.  imprisonment of six (6) months and one (1) day to one (1) year and/or a fine of One thousand pesos (P1,000.00) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against vulnerable species; imprisonment of one (1) month and one (1) day to six (6) months and/or a fine of Five hundred pesos (P500.00) to Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against species listed as threatened species; and imprisonment of ten (10) days to one (1) month and/or a fine of Two hundred pesos (P200.00) to Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against other wildlife species.
  22. 22.  For illegal acts under paragraphs (f) and (g) of the immediately preceding section, the following penalties and/or fines shall be imposed: imprisonment of two (2) years and one (1) day to four (4) years and a fine of Thirty thousand pesos (P30,000.00) to Three hundred thousand pesos (P300,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against species listed as critical; imprisonment of one (1) year and one (1) day to two (2) years and a fine of Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against endangered species; imprisonment of six (6) months and one (1) day to one (1) year and a fine of Ten thousand pesos (P10,000.00) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against vulnerable species;
  23. 23.  imprisonment of one (1) month and one (1) day to six (6) months and a fine of Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) to Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against species as other threatened species; and imprisonment of ten (10) days to one (1) month and a fine of One thousand pesos (P1,000.00) to Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against other wildlife species: Provided, That in case of paragraph (f), where the acts were perpetuated through the means of inappropriate techniques and devices, the maximum penalty herein provided shall be imposed.
  24. 24.  For illegal acts under paragraph (h) and (i) of the immediately preceding section, the following penalties and/or fines shall be imposed: imprisonment of six (6) months and one (1) day to one (1) year and a fine of Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) if inflicted or undertaken against species listed as critical species; imprisonment of three (3) months and one (1) day to six (6) months and a fine of Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00) to Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against endangered species;
  25. 25.  imprisonment of one (1) month and one (1) day to three (3) months and a fine of Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) to Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against vulnerable species; imprisonment of ten (10) days to one (1) month and a fine of One thousand pesos (P1,000.00) to Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against species listed as other threatened species; (e) imprisonment of five (5) days to ten (10) days and a fine of Two hundred pesos (P200.00) to One thousand pesos (P1,000.00), if inflicted or undertaken against other wildlife species.
  26. 26. That’s all for today

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