English modal verbs review

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English modal verbs review

  1. 1. What kind of personality may the stars have? What kind of personality features must they have in order to be successful?
  2. 2. can vs. be able to in the past
  3. 3. can vs. be able to in the past <ul><li>Ability to do s.th. in the past in a particular situation -> was/were able to </li></ul><ul><li>managed to (+infinitive) or succeeded in (+ing-form) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He was able/managed to rescue the man. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He succeeded in rescuing the man. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General ability to do s.th. in the past -> could </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I could run 10 miles when I was young. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verbs of perception ( see, hear, smell, taste, feel ) and thinking ( understand, remember ) -> always could </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We could see a man in the garden. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-> positive sentences only </li></ul>
  4. 4. can vs. be allow to in the past <ul><li>Permission to do s.th. in the past in a particular situation -> was/were allowed to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I was allowed to borrow my parents’ car last night. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General permission to do s.th. in the past -> could </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When I was 18, I could borrow my parents’ car whenever I wanted to. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-> positive sentences only </li></ul>
  5. 5. must vs. have to I have to listen to the teacher! You must listen to the teacher ! must : authority comes from the speaker have to : authority comes from outside the speaker Have to is not a modal verb
  6. 6. Asking for permission <ul><li>__________ I borrow your car? </li></ul><ul><li>can, could, may, (might) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Group work <ul><li>Within the given groups of 4, build 2 pairs </li></ul><ul><li>discuss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what kind of important/ main characters you have in your book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what kind of personality these characters have to/might/can/must/mustn’t... have to be functional for the development of the story and their personality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make notes (title of the book, characters, your names) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make full sentences and use the most accurate modal verbs and personality adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time: until 15.25 pm </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Group work <ul><li>One flew over the cuckoo's nest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Céline, Martina, Nina, Nicole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mara, Annika, Marisa, Stefan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An inspector calls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gina, Kevin, Alexander, Sarah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noemi, Andrea, Luzi, Emanuel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lord of the flies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jürg, Dominic, Angela, Tabea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hélène, Max, Adrian, Doris </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Group work - Discussion <ul><li>Within the given groups of 4 </li></ul><ul><li>give a short presentation of your findings to the other pair of your group </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss your findings and add new aspects onto your note sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Make full sentences and use the most accurate modal verbs and personality adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Time: until 15.40 pm -> hand in note sheet </li></ul>

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