SER in the past We have learned the forms of SER in the PRESENT &FUTURE tenses, but you canalso use it in the PAST tense to tell what WAS or USED TO BE.
2 past tenses?Spanish has 2 past tenses: Preterite & Imperfect
Criteria for the uses of the preterite tense1. An action that is terminated or completed. (I walked to school this morning.) •2. An action or state that occupies a limited period of time. (I played tennis for two hours.)3. An action with a specific and indicated beginning or ending. (At 10:00 it started to rain.)
Ser – Preterite tense YO - fui NOSOTROS - fuimos We were I was TÚ - fuiste VOSOTROS - fuisteis Y’all were (Spain) You were ÉL/Ella/Ud. - fue ELLOS/ELLAS/Uds. - fueron He/She was They were You wereThis PAST tense form is used for specific events in the past.
Ex. SER en el Pretérito:Ayer fue malo.– Yesterday was bad.Srta. Robo fue la maestra anteayer.– Ms. Robo was the teacher day before yesterday.Por un año, fui presidente.– For one year, I was president.Note: these have a definite period of time.
Criteria for the uses of the imperfect tense1. An action that was ongoing or habitual in the past. (used to, was …ing) • We used to sing every day.2. Describing people in the past • ••• • Age, characteristics, state of mind • I was 14. He was short. She was shy.3. Background information to set the scene • Time, date, weather, situation (It was…) • It was 10:00. It was Monday. It was raining.
Ser – Imperfect tense YO - era NOSOTROS - éramos We used to be I used to be TÚ - eras VOSOTROS - erais Y’all used to be (Spain) You used to be ÉL/Ella/Ud. - era ELLOS/ELLAS/Uds. - eran He/She used to be They used to be You all used to be You used to be
SER en el Imperfecto:Eran las ocho y media.– It was 8:30.Paco era muy cómico de niño.– Paco was very funny as a child.Ellos eran mejores amigos.– They used to be best friends.
Some words that indicate PRETERITE or IMPERFECT. *these aren’t definites, just suggestions- depends on the meaning of the sentence! Pretérito ImperfectoAyer (yesterday) Cada díá (each day)Anteayer (day before yesterday) Todos los días (every day)Anoche (last night) A veces (sometimes)El año pasado (last year) A menudo (often)El mes pasado (last month) Generalmente (generally)Una vez (one time) Frecuentemente (frequently)*These words indicate a specific *These words indicate ongoingtime or period of time in the past. times in the past. Copy these words in your steno pad
Practicamos A – Fill in the blanks with the correct form of SER in the PRETERITE tense.1. La fiesta ________ ayer.2. Marta y Rosa _______ amigas el año pasado pero no son amigas ahora.3. El viernes pasado, tú ________ el maestro.4. Una vez, yo _______ la reina de la escuela.5. El Sr. Robles _______ carnicero por un año.
Practicamos B – Fill in the blanks with thecorrect form of SER in the IMPERFECT tense.6. ________ las diez cuando la fiesta empezó.7. Marta y Rosa _______ mis amigas cuando yo era joven.8. Todos los viernes, tú ________ el maestro.9. Cada año, yo _______ la reina de la escuela.10. El Sr. Robles _______ carnicero.