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Using Subject Pronouns 
with SER 
SER is a VERB that means TO BE
Singular 
Yo: I 
Tú: You 
Usted: You (formal) 
Él: He 
Ella: She 
Plural 
Nosotros: We (at least one boy) 
Nosotras: We (a...
To form sentences in Spanish: 
Start with a subject PRONOUN (or Noun) 
Add the VERB 
Add adjectives, nouns, preposition...
First, copy these definitions: 
Verb- a word that shows action OR links ideas 
together in a sentence 
Conjugate – to ma...
SER is a linking verb 
that means TO BE 
To use SER in a sentence, you must CONJUGATE it to 
match the subject noun/prono...
Ser = to be 
COPY THIS CHART! 
Yo soy = I am 
Tú eres = you are 
Usted es = you are 
Él es = he is 
Ella es = she is 
Noso...
So, how do I know which 
“form” of SER to use? 
Look at the subject of your sentence. 
If it is one of the pronouns from...
When should I use the verb 
SER? 
SER is used in the following situations: 
•Origin: Soy de Durham. 
•Descriptions and Cha...
1. Yo soy de Cuba. 
2. Tú eres un muchacho. 
3. Anita es muy bonita. 
4. Nosotros somos estudiantes. 
5. Vosotras sois mae...
1. Yo ___ de los Estados Unidos. 
2. Miguel y Juan ____ hermanos. 
3. Nosotros _______ estudiosos. 
4. Vosotros ____ de Co...
soy 
1. Yo ___ de los Estados Unidos. 
2. Miguel y Juan ____ son 
hermanos. 
3. Nosotros _______ estudiosos. 
4. Vosotros ...
6. Ana ___ una estudiante buena. 
7. Ustedes____ de Colombia. 
8. Tú y yo ________ amigos buenos. 
9. Tus amigas ____ simp...
es 
1. Ana ___ una estudiante buena. 
2. Ustedes____ son 
de Colombia. 
3. Tú y yo ________ somos 
amigos buenos. 
4. Tus ...
Wait, what about NOT to be? 
To make a sentence negative in Spanish, just put the 
word NO in front of the verb. 
For ex...
¡Adiós!
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Pronouns and ser

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Spanish Subject pronouns and the verb SER

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Pronouns and ser

  1. 1. Using Subject Pronouns with SER SER is a VERB that means TO BE
  2. 2. Singular Yo: I Tú: You Usted: You (formal) Él: He Ella: She Plural Nosotros: We (at least one boy) Nosotras: We (all girls) Vosotros: You all (at least one boy) Vosotras: You all (all girls) Ustedes: You all (formal) Ellos: They (at least one boy) Ellas: They (all girls) Remember these? In Spain
  3. 3. To form sentences in Spanish: Start with a subject PRONOUN (or Noun) Add the VERB Add adjectives, nouns, prepositional phrases, etc. Subject + verb + (adjectives, nouns, etc.) Yo + soy + de Durham. SOY is a form of the verb SER Slow down Sra. Anderson…. What does all of this mean?
  4. 4. First, copy these definitions: Verb- a word that shows action OR links ideas together in a sentence Conjugate – to make a VERB agree with the subject of the sentence (example: I am, you are, he is…) Infinitive- the UNCONJUGATED form of the verb. In English, TO + verb (ex. to be, to run, to sing). In Spanish, all unconjugated verbs end with –AR, -ER, or –IR.
  5. 5. SER is a linking verb that means TO BE To use SER in a sentence, you must CONJUGATE it to match the subject noun/pronoun. Ex. You shouldn’t say: You should say:  “I be from Durham.”  “I am from Durham.” “We be the students.”  “We are the students.” “The teacher be short.”  “The teacher is short.” That’s what conjugating is all about!
  6. 6. Ser = to be COPY THIS CHART! Yo soy = I am Tú eres = you are Usted es = you are Él es = he is Ella es = she is Nosotros(as) somos = we are Vosotros(as) sois = y’all are Ustedes son = you all are Ellos son = they are Ellas son = they are Note: SER is an –ER verb, but it has an irregular conjugation! Also, in English we have 3 forms for this verb: am, is, are, but Spanish has 6 forms: soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son
  7. 7. So, how do I know which “form” of SER to use? Look at the subject of your sentence. If it is one of the pronouns from the chart, then use that “form” of SER. Nosotros _______ de España. Since NOSOTROS is on the chart, use the form SOMOS Nosotros SOMOS de España. (We are from Spain.) If the subject is a noun (such as PACO), change the noun to a pronoun to find the correct “form” of SER. Paco = Él  So look for Él on the chart and use that form. Paco ES mi amigo. (Paco is my friend.)
  8. 8. When should I use the verb SER? SER is used in the following situations: •Origin: Soy de Durham. •Descriptions and Characteristics: Soy baja. •Possession: Es mi libro. •Time and Date: Son las ocho. Es el 7 de mayo. •Identification: Rosa es mi amiga. Es una pluma. •Professions: La Srta. Farlow es una maestra. •Nationality: Paco es mexicano.
  9. 9. 1. Yo soy de Cuba. 2. Tú eres un muchacho. 3. Anita es muy bonita. 4. Nosotros somos estudiantes. 5. Vosotras sois maestras de español. 6. Luis y Juan son colombianos. More Examples
  10. 10. 1. Yo ___ de los Estados Unidos. 2. Miguel y Juan ____ hermanos. 3. Nosotros _______ estudiosos. 4. Vosotros ____ de Costa Rica. 5. Rafael ___ muy atlético. *Number your paper 1-5 and write the correct form of SER to complete each sentence.
  11. 11. soy 1. Yo ___ de los Estados Unidos. 2. Miguel y Juan ____ son hermanos. 3. Nosotros _______ estudiosos. 4. Vosotros ____ de Costa Rica. 5. Rafael ___ muy atlético. somos sois es Check your answers. Ask for help if you don’t understand.
  12. 12. 6. Ana ___ una estudiante buena. 7. Ustedes____ de Colombia. 8. Tú y yo ________ amigos buenos. 9. Tus amigas ____ simpáticas. 10. Ella ___ de El Salvador. *Number your paper 6-10 and write the correct form of SER to complete each sentence.
  13. 13. es 1. Ana ___ una estudiante buena. 2. Ustedes____ son de Colombia. 3. Tú y yo ________ somos amigos buenos. 4. Tus amigas ____ son simpáticas. 5. Ella ___ es de El Salvador. Check your answers. Ask for help if you don’t understand.
  14. 14. Wait, what about NOT to be? To make a sentence negative in Spanish, just put the word NO in front of the verb. For example, I am not tall. = Yo no soy alta.  NO soy = I am not SOY is the verb, so we put The girl is not from Perú. = NO before it! La muchacha no es de Perú. ES is the verb, so we put NO before it!
  15. 15. ¡Adiós!

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