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Aztecs

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Aztecs

  1. 1. The Aztecs
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>Arid Valley in Central Mexico </li></ul>
  3. 3. Important Cities <ul><li>Tenochtitlan – Capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Island City in Lake Texcoco </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Government <ul><li>Ruled by an emperor with absolute power </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect rule (trade and tribute held empire together) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Government (continued) <ul><li>Empire built by the conquest of fierce warriors </li></ul><ul><li>Conquest provided prisoners and slaves for religious sacrifices </li></ul><ul><li>Right of slaves to buy freedom </li></ul>
  6. 6. Economy <ul><li>Based on agriculture (beans, squash, tomatoes, and peppers) </li></ul><ul><li>Chinampa farming (practice of draining swamps and building up fields in shallow lake beds) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Religion <ul><li>Polytheism </li></ul><ul><li>Chief god, the sun god </li></ul><ul><li>Priests, a special social class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recorded knowledge and ran schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Served as astronomers and mathematicians </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Religion (continued) <ul><li>Ceremonies performed daily </li></ul><ul><li>Based on warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramids </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent sacrifices </li></ul>
  9. 9. Achievements <ul><li>Causeways </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts </li></ul><ul><li>Canals </li></ul><ul><li>Dams </li></ul>

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