Queuing in runwayTraffic congestion in the Airport
Reduce in regional economic health. Delays resulting in lost business , personal lossesetc…(late arrivals). Inability to forecast travel time accurately. wasted fuel increases air pollution & co2 emissionwhich contributeGlobal warming Frequent repairs & replacements of vehicles. Causing health problems in motorists….[stress,frustration ]. Emergency vehicles may be blocked. “ rat running”( affects the neighborhood amenity) .
Main solution for controlling traffic congestion is Congestion pricingCongestion pricing or congestion charge is a systemof surcharging users of transport network in periodsof peakDemand to reduce traffic congestion……
Cordon area pricing: charges for passing thecordon line around a city center. Area wide pricing: charges for being insidean area. Toll ring pricing: Toll collection surroundingthe city. Corridor pricing : Access to a lane is priced.
OBJECTIVE :To make users more aware of thecosts that they impose upon one another whenconsuming during the peak demand, and that theyshould pay for the additional congestion they create.i.e. when demand exceeds supply…….Congestion pricing is widely used by telephone and electricutilities, metros,railways & auto bus services. Critics maintain that congestion pricing is not equitable, places an economic burden on neighboring communities, has a negative effect on retail businesses and on economic activity in general, and is just another tax.
Sreet markings and a sign (inset) with the white-on-red Calert drivers to the congestion charge.
A system that enables settlement of parking fees withoutparking tickets and cash. IU-> in-vehicle unit. CHU->charging unit. More than 99% of vehicles in Singapore are equipped with IU’s. Toll fee is collected into the IU’s using RF communication from IC cards.
Features of Electronic parking system: Availability Flexibility of car park operation Reliability Service timeTypes of Electronic parking system Access control system Charging system Free-flow charging system
Traffic decreased by about 13% during ERPoperational hours. Vehicles decreasing from 270,000 to235,000. Carpooling has increased. Average road speeds increased by about20%.
Traffic estimation & prediction systemThis new system integrates with existing systemslike Green link determining system (GLIDE). Traffic scan. Expressway Monitoring Advisory system(EMAS). Junction Electronic Eyes (J-Eyes). Electronic road pricing (ERP).
This system is designed To allow variable pricing. Improved overall Traffic management. Alert drivers about conditions ahead. Charging the prices at the moment.Trial results:Accuracy more than 85%.Predictions up to 60 minutes
Efforts in controlling Air pollution Singapore Green plan 2012 (SGP 2012) AIM: To reduce Green house gas emissions up to 5% by 2012.By using : New air pollution controlling equipments like Air filters ,Gas& smoke analysis apparatus. Solar panel technology as Energy provider. Natural gas instead of fuels to generate electricity. By installing catalytic converter in motor vehicles. Alternate energy such as hydro-electric power or wind power instead of fossil fuels. Encouragement of more eco-friendly vehicle use through“Green vehicle rebate.”
AIM: To make consumers more environmentallyfriendly & to support cleanEmerging technologies.GREEN VEHICLES are more fuel efficient &emit less air pollutants.GVR was first introduced in 2001.