The Dromedary Camel


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The Dromedary Camel

  1. 1. The Dromedary Camel<br />“Trust in Allah, but tie your camel.”<br />-Arabian Proverb-<br />
  2. 2. No, Really, WTF is a Camel?<br />SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION<br />Kingdom: Animalia<br />Phylum: Chordata<br />Class: Mammalia<br />Order: Artiodactyla<br />Family: Bovidae<br />G. Species: Camelus Dromedarius<br />
  3. 3. No, Really, WTF is a Camel? cont.<br />Range<br />Its native range is still unclear but it was probably the Arabian Peninsula and the domesticated form occurs in Africa and Saudi Arabia. The only ‘wild’ camels are in Africa.<br />
  4. 4. General Characteristics<br />Body Length: 10 ft<br />Shoulder Height: 6-7 ft<br />Weight: 1320-2200 lbs.<br />Males are considerably larger than females<br />Coat is beige to light-brown with slightly lighter undersides.<br />Legs are long & slender with calluses on the knees<br />Upper lip is deeply spilt<br />Closable nostrils & long eyelashes to keep sand out<br />Two broad toes on feet<br />Camels are known for having bad attitudes to begin with, (biting, spitting, being smelly, etc.) <br />No, Really, WTF is a Camel? cont.<br />
  5. 5. What’s With the Hump?<br />The hump does not store water!<br />It stores fat that the camel is able to break down into water and energy when none is available<br />The dromedary is considered the ‘one-hump’ camel but it actually has two humps<br />The underdeveloped anterior hump sits over the shoulders while the other one is in the center of the back, obviously.<br />Someone called camels the ‘ship of the desert’ because of their humps and that’s somehow supposed to make sense and be clever<br />No, Really, WTF is a Camel? cont.<br />
  6. 6. Humble Beginnings<br />Became established in the Sahara region in the second millennium BC<br />Disappeared again around 900 BC<br />Persian invasion brought domesticated animals to Egypt<br />Used throughout North Africa<br />Romans kept a corps of camel warriors to patrol the desert<br />BUT these camels didn’t do<br />crap for the trade industry…<br />The History of the Dromedary Camel<br />
  7. 7. The Better, Buffer Camel<br />More durable camels arrived in the 4th century<br />Before then, the trips across the desert were taken by horse-drawn carriage— these were dangerous.<br />These camels did not become common until some Islamic conquest made them common.<br />These heartier camels allowed substantial trade across the Sahara desert for the first time<br />The History of the Dromedary Camel cont.<br />
  8. 8. The Camel’s Adventure to Australia<br />In 1840 the first camels were shipped to Australia from a Spanish island off the coast of Africa<br />Only one camel survived the voyage<br />It was kind of a fail for the Spaniards<br />The explorer John Horrocks was one of the first people to use camels to explore The Outback of Australia during the 1840’s.<br />Thanks to all this there are about 300,000 feral camels roaming around Australia<br />Australian Feral camels are the only real ‘wild’ camels now<br />The History of the Dromedary Camel cont.<br />
  9. 9. About Mom & Dad<br />Female camels are called cows<br />Male camels are called bulls<br />Bulls have an inflatable soft palate (like frog’s) that they fill with air to attract a cow<br />Cows reach sexual maturity when 3 or 4 years old<br />Bulls reach sexual maturity at 5 years old<br />A fully mature bull really gets around: ‘covering’ 20–50 females in one breeding season<br />The gestation period is between 12 and 13 months<br />Only one calf is born<br />Twins are wicked rare, FYI, so don’t get your hopes up<br />Let’s Make Baby Camels!<br />
  10. 10. The Finished Product<br />Called calves<br />Newborn stands about 3 feet tall with long, thin legs<br />So weak & wobbly it can barley walk<br />A day after birth it can follow its mother to graze<br />If the mother is a member of a human-lead caravan, the calf is put in a nifty hammock and carried on one of the super-buff camels so that the group can keep moving<br />Baby camels are born without a hump because the layer of fat doesn’t develop until they eat solid food<br />Let’s Make Baby Camels! cont.<br />
  11. 11. Its Better When You’re Together<br />Groups are called herds or caravans<br />Herds are not territorial and may join up during droughts<br />Family groups: a feral herd of females and young led by an adult male; usually fewer than 21 individuals<br />Other males, not in family groups, are solitary or travel in ‘bachelor groups’<br />Behavior and Survival<br />
  12. 12. How To Get The Ladies<br />Bulls splash urine on their tails and flick them around to cover their backs— the AXE of the dromedary world —besides puffing up their soft palate<br />Males also gurgle their saliva to create foam<br />Behavior and Survival cont.<br />
  13. 13. Its About To Get Violent Up In This Piece!<br />Males become very aggressive during the breeding season, defending their women from the other guys<br />They snap, kick, and neck-wrestle to protect their harem<br />Camel neck-wrestling is no laughing matter!<br />Suffocation of the loser may occur if the winner falls on his throat<br />Behavior and Survival cont.<br />
  14. 14. Survivor:Sahara<br />Aside from its eyelashes, closable nostrils, large padded feet, and hump here are a few other ways the camel survives in its harsh habitat:<br />Its feeding behavior: it only eats a few leaves from each plant as a method of conservation<br />It is capable of eating plants other herbivores can’t. (i.e. the thorns from acacia tree)<br />Herds will spread over a large area so they do not eat all the vegetation<br />Behavior and Survival cont.<br />
  15. 15. Are Camels Useless?<br />Used mainly as a beast of burden<br />In some cultures, wealth is based on the number of camels a person owns<br />Camel hair is also a source camels can offer. You can use it to make belts, purses, shirts, tents, etc.<br />Dromedary meat is consumed a lot in the Arabian Peninsula, Somalia, Sudan, and Egypt (but only a little)<br />Some police/border guards ride camels when on patrol<br />The Many Uses of the Dromedary<br />And don’t forget Joe Camel!<br />
  16. 16. I won’t apologize if it was boring.<br />I like camels.<br />THE END!<br />