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WWWW 2010 Conference - ICT4D 2.0


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A look at how to apply the principles of Web 2.0 (in addition to the technology) to ICT4D (ICT for Development)

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WWWW 2010 Conference - ICT4D 2.0

  1. 1. Arising out of NextEd Project (<br />Transforming ICT4D through Web 2.0<br />R. Quilling, C. Blewett, M. Hughes<br />School of Information Systems & Technology<br />University of KwaZulu-Natal<br />
  2. 2. 1990s: Rapid rise in availability of ICTs, most notably the Internet<br />2000: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)<br />Development potential of ICTs beyond question<br />YET:<br />To date, most ICT4D projects have been either partial or total failures<br />UN itself has acknowledged that progress towards the MDGs’ 2015 target has been slow (UN, 2009)<br />ICT4D 1.0: The State of Play<br />
  3. 3. 2009: “The ICT4D 2.0 Manifesto” (Heeks, R.)<br />Draws a line under the last 10 years<br />Reflects on lessons learnt<br />Suggests a new direction<br />Development projects should be:<br />Sustainable<br />Scalable<br />Subject to subjective evaluation<br />ICT4D on the threshold of a major phase change<br />Dumping (unaltered) latest tech does not work<br />Moving to ICT4D 2.0?<br />
  4. 4. Remain active innovators and not rely on passive diffusion, however:<br />Look for new models of innovation<br />ICT4D 2.0 Unbundled<br /><ul><li>Change the way the target population is perceived
  5. 5. Change the way the target population is perceived
  6. 6. From marginalised and passive to centralised and active
  7. 7. From supply-driven to demand-driven
  8. 8. From “invention-down” to “use-up”</li></li></ul><li>To examine the fundamental thinking behind development projects and their implementation strategies<br />To seek new models of engagement that recognise the ICT4D phase change<br />To enhance development projects by adding features from Web 2.0 innovation models<br />What is required?<br />ICT4D 2.0<br />
  9. 9. NextEd-Africa: A Potential Candidate?<br />Not explicitly conceptualised as an ICT4D project<br />BUT: Also rooted in MDGs<br />Education is arguably the ideal vehicle for addressing the MDGs<br />Shapes future generations<br />Provides platform for a new and different future<br />Socio-economic development through rejuvenating education in Africa<br />Potential for exciting cross-pollination of underlying ideas/philosophies with ICT4D<br />
  10. 10. NextEd is a global, virtual educational network, built on an ubuntu philosophy of collaboration and a scaffolded model of supportive engagement.<br />Setup NextEd World (VW, SLN)<br />Collaborative Courses<br />Microblogging Environments<br />Integration platforms, role players<br />NextEd<br />
  11. 11. NextEd Philosophy<br />Digital campfire – Ubun2.0<br />A place of no judgment <br />A place of no assumptions<br />Each has a reason for being there<br />Each is welcome<br />Each tells their story<br />Each learns<br />Each leaves to share<br />
  12. 12. NextEd – An Intro<br />
  13. 13. NextEd 5C Engagement Model<br />
  14. 14. Adopted “use-up” approach<br />Consumers experience through Come, Consume, Collaborate<br />Missing “Connection”<br />ICT4D 2.0 – Learning from NextEd<br />
  15. 15. Model of Engagement<br />Trust and motivation is NB <br />Exposure to NextEd is NB<br />From 5C to 6C<br />
  16. 16. Co-operation through Ubun2.0 Engagement<br />Heeks 3 models for innovation<br />Laboratory (pro-poor) – on behalf of<br />Collaborative (para-poor) - alongside<br />Grassroots (per-poor) – within<br />BUT<br />Nomeclature/mindset “rich/poor”, “have/have not”<br />Need an Ubuntu approach<br />
  17. 17. Co-operation through Ubun2.0 Engagement<br />So, unlike the pro-para-per -poor separation, Ubuntu is not about seeing ourselves as “separated from one another (but rather as) ... connected” (Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Wikipedia, 2009). <br />“A traveller through a country would stop at a village and he didn't have to ask for food or for water. Once he stops, the people give him food, entertain him. That is one aspect of Ubuntu, but it will have various aspects. Ubuntu does not mean that people should not enrich themselves. The question therefore is: Are you going to do so in order to enable the community around you to be able to improve?” (N.Mandela)<br />
  18. 18. Not just Web 2.0 technologies but Web 2.0 Principles<br />Ubunt2.0 Engagement<br />1. Co-operatoin<br />2. Co-creation<br />3. Beta<br />
  19. 19. “cooperate, do not control” (Rollettet al, 2007<br />experience the environment in both a “consume/receive” and “collaborate/give”<br />Co-operation through Ubun2.0 Engagement<br />
  20. 20. Wiki-Style co-creation<br />No hierarchy – Peer creation<br />Daystar lecturer consumed, then creates and collaborates<br />Co-creation<br />
  21. 21. Ubun2.0 Learning Happening<br />A place for imperfect learners, imperfect teachers, <br />with imperfect tools<br /> bound together by an <br />important philosophy<br />BETA Mindset<br />
  22. 22. Beta Journey<br />éducation sans frontières<br />WebCT – 2002-2003<br />OLS – 2003-2007<br />Elgg – (2008)<br />CLOUDe Valley<br />Ravines of Technicality<br />Mt. Institutionus<br />Mahara – 2008<br />Ning – 2008<br />Edmodo – 2010<br />Ning - 2010<br />CollectiveX – 2009<br /> – 2009<br />
  23. 23. NextEd: Potential Outcomes<br />
  24. 24. ICT4D phase change means new engagement models are needed<br />Our experiences/reflections show need for Ubuntu-style engagement<br />The future?<br />Africa’s turn is next!<br />Conclusion<br />
  25. 25. Any questions, comments, ideas, money ;-)<br />