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Niger Basin Focal Project
       Coordination:              Cali Workshop, February 2008
Pr. Jean Charles CLANET
Assistant...
Niger Basin Focal Project


       Niger basin




• 2 100 000 km2 river
basin
b i
• 4 200 km long (3rd
longest river in A...
Niger Basin Focal Project
RIVER BASIN CHARACTERISTICS:
 • 10 riparian countries

                         % of Niger river...
Niger Basin Focal Project
RIVER BASIN CHARACTERISTICS:
 •   Active watershed = 1 500 000 km2
 •   Supports 135 million peo...
Niger Basin Focal Project
RIVER BASIN CHARACTERISTICS:

     Flow - evaporation         -25
     (km3/y)
                 ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
KEY ISSUES:
 • Crop-livestock systems (Millet, sorghum, yam,
      p            y             , ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
KEY ISSUES: Inland Delta
 • Inland delta
    – Near endorheic behaviour
    – 4 120 000 ha (3rd ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
NIGER BFP PROJECT:
 • 2 year CPWF Project (01/01/2008 – 31/12/2009)
               P j t

 • $60...
Niger Basin Focal Project
IRD Network:                   Associated projects
 7 centres in the Basin        IRD:
         ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP1: Poverty analysis – John WARD
 • Relationship between water availability
   and water produc...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP1: Poverty analysis – John WARD




                        Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILV...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP1: Poverty analysis – John WARD

                                 Liveliho od variables       ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP2: Water availability and access – Gil Mahé
 • Data collection and database construction
 • Hy...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP3: Agricultural productivity – Bruno Barbier
 • Rainfed agriculture, Irrigation,Fisheries,
   ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP4: Institutional analysis – Armelle Caron
 • Formal & informal institutions
 • Basin wide, Sub...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP5: Intervention analysis – Regassa Namara
 • Literature survey
 • Objective Oriented Project P...
Niger Basin Focal Project
WP6: Knowledge base – Jean François Boyer
 • For both Niger and Volta BFP
 • Inventory and centr...
Niger Basin Focal Project
DataBase plan
             Server BFP Niger                                    Results

    ArcI...
Niger Basin Focal Project
Knowledge DataBase
        Colombes
              Knowledge DB


                               ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
Physical Installation
           University DMZ                               Intranet MSE
     ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
BFP Niger Partners
 •   INERA: Séraphine Kaboré-             •   IER: Sangaré Datouma
          ...
Niger Basin Focal Project
Outputs and impacts
 • Reports & Atlas
 • Bilingual version (8,5 countries)
 • Presentations (13...
Niger Basin Focal Project
THANK YOU

• For further info:
     www.ird.fr
     www ird fr
     www.g-eau.net

             ...
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Niger Basin Focal Project

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Presented at the Basin Focal Project Review meeting in Cali, Colombia from 1-5 Feb, 2008

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Niger Basin Focal Project

  1. 1. Niger Basin Focal Project Coordination: Cali Workshop, February 2008 Pr. Jean Charles CLANET Assistant, Andrew OGILVIE
  2. 2. Niger Basin Focal Project Niger basin • 2 100 000 km2 river basin b i • 4 200 km long (3rd longest river in Africa) Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  3. 3. Niger Basin Focal Project RIVER BASIN CHARACTERISTICS: • 10 riparian countries % of Niger river basin per country Mali = 25,50% Niger = 24,80% Algeria = 8,50% Nigeria = 25,70% Ni i 25 70% Guinea = 4,30% Cameroon = 3,90% Chad = 0,90% Burkina Faso = Ivory Coast = 1% Benin = 2% 3,40% Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  4. 4. Niger Basin Focal Project RIVER BASIN CHARACTERISTICS: • Active watershed = 1 500 000 km2 • Supports 135 million people (71% Nigerian) • High poverty • 41-95% f 41 95% of population i rural areas l ti in l – Agriculture: 36-54% of basin GDP Inland Delta – 95% rainfed agriculture Middle Niger – <8% i i t d 8% irrigated • Upper Niger hydrological regions 4 distinct Lower Niger Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  5. 5. Niger Basin Focal Project RIVER BASIN CHARACTERISTICS: Flow - evaporation -25 (km3/y) 100 mm mm = pp/year 41 27 1500 mm 500 mm 900 mm 61 1500 mm 93 • Large variations 250 • Widespread agricultural & water resource vulnerability Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  6. 6. Niger Basin Focal Project KEY ISSUES: • Crop-livestock systems (Millet, sorghum, yam, p y , g ,y , cassava, rice, groundnut, husbandry, agroforestry) • Pastoral systems • Industrial systems • Irrigation • Fisheries Fi h i • Hydropower • Pollution P ll ti • Migrations • Conflicts (agropastoral, transboundary) (agropastoral Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  7. 7. Niger Basin Focal Project KEY ISSUES: Inland Delta • Inland delta – Near endorheic behaviour – 4 120 000 ha (3rd largest RAMSAR site) – Mi ti Migrations July 01 - before the rains Nov 99 – exceptional year Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  8. 8. Niger Basin Focal Project NIGER BFP PROJECT: • 2 year CPWF Project (01/01/2008 – 31/12/2009) P j t • $600,000 USD $ , • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (previously ORSTOM): French public science and technology research institute • Basin Coordinator: Niger Basin Authority • ECOWAS WRCU Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  9. 9. Niger Basin Focal Project IRD Network: Associated projects 7 centres in the Basin IRD: • AMMA • SIEREM, FRIEND AOC • ANR RESSAC • Ripiecsa • CP Fisheries (n°72) Others • Value Chains and the rural poor in disadvantaged regions” (Canada IDRC) • “Water ecosystem services and poverty reduction under climate change change” (UK DFID) Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  10. 10. Niger Basin Focal Project WP1: Poverty analysis – John WARD • Relationship between water availability and water productivity ( water poverty) • Magnitude spatial distribution heterogeneity Magnitude, distribution, – Water Poverty Index (Lawrence, Meigh and Sullivan, 2002) – Livelihood Mapping (Kristjanson, et al. 2005) – Climate Change Vulnerability (Vincent 2004) (Vincent, – Gini coefficient: distribution of income inequality – Human Development Index (HDI): incorporates health, education & income – Previous CPWF outputs & methodologies adapted f P i t t th d l i d t d from other b i th basins Opportunities for policy formulation and interventions that alleviate poverty & enhance livelihoods (WP4, WP5) Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  11. 11. Niger Basin Focal Project WP1: Poverty analysis – John WARD Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  12. 12. Niger Basin Focal Project WP1: Poverty analysis – John WARD Liveliho od variables V ulnerability V ariables F actors of W ater Facto rs o f W ater W ater linkin g hazard s to L ivelih ood livelih ood s A vailability P ro du ctivity P ro d uctivity C rops E ntitlem ents D em ographic structure g p H ydrology (W P 2) C apital D istribution M arket A ccess Fish E ndow m ents G lobal interconnectivity N atural resource Infrastructure Infrastructure Fibre C apabilities dependence A ctions/ E conom ic w ell being and Im poundm ents K now ledge Livestock opportunities pp stability y E ffective R ainfall S oil conditions and R iparian and and E vaporation environm ental dependent N atural disaster risk degradation E cosystem s Level of utilisation Institutional stability and T echnology Forests strength of public infrastructure (W P 4) F acto rs of W ater A ccess S ocial C onventions and custom s C orruption, C onflict H ealth and m edical m etrics H ousehold Incom e P roperty rights and institutions Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  13. 13. Niger Basin Focal Project WP2: Water availability and access – Gil Mahé • Data collection and database construction • Hydro-climatic data time series analysis • Climate change, production system and socio- change economy modelling on water availability & access • Water uses assessment and WEAP modelling Water scarcity areas (quantity, quality, access) – WLDss Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  14. 14. Niger Basin Focal Project WP3: Agricultural productivity – Bruno Barbier • Rainfed agriculture, Irrigation,Fisheries, g , g , , Livestock, Forestry • Plot, household, agropastoral, ecosystem level , , g p , y • Literature review & status and trend analysis of main agricultural p g production systems y • Key areas (Hot spots) Oppo tu t es, Opportunities, innovations a d research o at o s and esea c Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  15. 15. Niger Basin Focal Project WP4: Institutional analysis – Armelle Caron • Formal & informal institutions • Basin wide, Sub-basin, National & Community level • Literature review & interviews Identify and analyse how institutions y y • influence sustainable uses of water • regulate competition and conflicts l t titi d fli t • interact Assess performance and identify “success stories” Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  16. 16. Niger Basin Focal Project WP5: Intervention analysis – Regassa Namara • Literature survey • Objective Oriented Project Planning (OOPP) • Workshops & household surveys in 4 sub-units of the Niger Basin • Quantitative decision support tools: • WEAP, PODIUMSIM Assess ex-ante specific interventions ex ante Identify & recommend interventions Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  17. 17. Niger Basin Focal Project WP6: Knowledge base – Jean François Boyer • For both Niger and Volta BFP • Inventory and centralisation of data • Public access - website and online database (English & French) • Connection with IDIS & mirror DB with NBA • GIS layers, Google Earth functionality (audit u de ay) underway) • Interactive Niger Basin CD-ROM Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  18. 18. Niger Basin Focal Project DataBase plan Server BFP Niger Results ArcIms Html files Sites Asp Scripts IIS Knowledge Database g Management DB Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  19. 19. Niger Basin Focal Project Knowledge DataBase Colombes Knowledge DB Knowledge DataBase Chronological series Knowledge data Socio- Socio-economic Data Installing Reports Observed or calculated chronological data Studies S di Modelling results Bibliographies Spatialized data Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  20. 20. Niger Basin Focal Project Physical Installation University DMZ Intranet MSE I t t Armspark IIS Colombes Firewall Client Client Knowledge Database Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  21. 21. Niger Basin Focal Project BFP Niger Partners • INERA: Séraphine Kaboré- • IER: Sangaré Datouma g Sawadogo • 2iE: Hama Yacouba • ARID: Jean-Paul Luc • University of Ngaoundéré, • IRD: Cameroon: Dr. Gaston Liénou – R063 - Centre d'Economie d Economie • University of Lagos: Mayoma et d'Ethique pour Fasona l'Environnement et le Développement (C3ED): • University of Ouagadougou: Da Isabelle Droy Dapola – R168 - Dynamiques • CIRDES Bobo – Dioulasso: Dr. environnementales entre Abdoulaye Gouro forêt, agriculture et • Confédération paysanne biodiversité: Georges Guinée: Lancény Cherif Serpantié, François Molle • CNSHB Guinée: S. Camara • CIRAD: PPZS • Paris I: Jérôme Marie • ILRI/STI: E. Schellingg • Université d’Artois: T. Yao Brou • ISRA: Tamsir Diop Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  22. 22. Niger Basin Focal Project Outputs and impacts • Reports & Atlas • Bilingual version (8,5 countries) • Presentations (13th World Water Congress Congress, Montpellier, 1-4 sept 2008) • Academia – policy briefs articles PhD & MSc briefs, articles, students, capacity building • Website & O ebs te Online database e • NBA, IRD network, WRCU Identify key opportunities for research, policy and interventions to alleviate rural poverty Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU
  23. 23. Niger Basin Focal Project THANK YOU • For further info: www.ird.fr www ird fr www.g-eau.net Jean-Charles.Clanet@ird.fr Andrew.Ogilvie@ird.fr Andrew Ogilvie@ird fr Boyer@msem.univ-montp2.fr Jean Charles CLANET & Andrew OGILVIE – IRD/G-EAU

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