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Anish Mohammed "Clouds and Security an Evolutionary Perspective"


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Anish Mohammed's lightning talk at CloudCamp London #4 9th July 2009 see video at

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Anish Mohammed "Clouds and Security an Evolutionary Perspective"

  1. 1. Clouds and security an evolutionary perspective Anish Mohammed
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Cloud Computing – disruptive innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Nature’s disruptive innovation </li></ul><ul><li>The case of dinosaurs </li></ul><ul><li>The case of cloud computing </li></ul><ul><li>What does the future hold? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cloud as disruptive innovation <ul><li>What makes a cloud a cloud </li></ul><ul><li>On-demand self-service </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquitous network access </li></ul><ul><li>Location independent resource pooling </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid elasticity </li></ul><ul><li>Pay per use </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cloud security <ul><li>Key Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Multi- tenancy </li></ul><ul><li>Encryption and Key management </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Binding data to policy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Christensen’s Disruptive Innovation Time Product Performance (Christensen, 1997) Progress due to sustaining technologies Performance demanded at the low end of the market Performance demanded at the high end of the market Progress due to disruptive technologies Market disruption opportunity
  6. 6. Nature’s Disruptive Innovation Time Evolutionary Pressure Progress due to evolution Characteristics demanded at the low end of the evolutionary pressure Characteristics demanded at the high end of the evolutionary pressure Progress due to disruptive evolutionary events Evolutionary disruption opportunity
  7. 7. Case of Dinosaurs <ul><li>Theories on causes of extinction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asteroid collision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcanic eruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ice Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dramatic change in ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Survival dictated by ability survive in given ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Evolutionary cycle is not new in computing </li></ul><ul><li>Dinosaurs were at the top of food chain </li></ul>
  8. 8. Evolutionary lessons <ul><li>What matters most for survival </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cost effectiveness/efficiency </li></ul>
  9. 9. Not all data is the same Page C = Confidentiality I I I A = Availability Telco Public Retail Healthcare = Medium focus = Strong focus = Minor focus I = Integrity A C I I C A I A C I C A
  10. 10. Not all clouds are the same: Deployment Models <ul><li>Private cloud. The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization. It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. </li></ul><ul><li>Community cloud. The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e.g., mission, security requirements, policy, and compliance considerations). It may be managed by the organizations or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. </li></ul><ul><li>Public cloud. The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services. </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid cloud. The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community, or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together by standardized or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability (e.g., cloud bursting). </li></ul>
  11. 11. The evolutionary pressure Gartner <ul><li>You will need to start leading your organization safely in this inevitable direction, or risk being sidelined by its progress </li></ul><ul><li>CIO New Year’s Resolutions 2009 </li></ul>IDC <ul><li>Of the $383 billion customers will spend this year …, $16.2 billion - or a mere 4% - will be consumed as cloud services. By 2012 - based on a conservative forecasting approach (see “fine print” below) - customer spending on IT cloud services will grow almost threefold, to $42 billion, accounting for 9% of customer spending </li></ul><ul><li>… “ cloud” model is its growth trajectory, which - at 27% CAGR - is over five times the growth rate of the traditional, on-premise IT delivery/consumption model </li></ul><ul><li>In 2013, if the same growth trajectories continue, IT cloud services growth will generate about one-third of the industry’s net new growth in these segments </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Bank of America Merrill Lynch <ul><li>The long-term trend is driven by compelling economics, with cost advantages of 3-5x for business apps, and 5-10x for personal productivity apps. </li></ul><ul><li>Our analysis indicates that the Cloud could be a $100bn addressable market by 2013, driven by cost savings. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation in ERP, HR, e-mail and Office has slowed in the last decade with limited product differentiation. Cloud delivery is where innovation is headed. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cloud market has still grown rapidly to roughly $8bn in subscription revenues </li></ul><ul><li>The Cloud Wars: Part II </li></ul><ul><li>Bank of America Merrill Lynch Research </li></ul>
  12. 12. Who currently constitute the dominant species?
  13. 13. The Future : the mammals come out of the woods <ul><li>Security vs. usability trade-off </li></ul><ul><li>Security has computational costs </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem would define security </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of ecosystem that requires less security </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud computing with just enough security </li></ul>
  14. 14. Anish Mohammed Email: anish.mohammed Web: Twitter: anishmohammed