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Mod7 January 2015


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Mod7 January 2015

  1. 1. National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program Module 7 Introduction to Car Seats & Booster Seats 7-1
  2. 2. 7-2 Module 7 Objectives • Identify NHTSA’s Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213. • Explain NHTSA’s car seat and booster seat recommendations. • Name car seat and booster seat parts and functions. • Determine how to select the appropriate car seat or booster seat. • Identify car seats for children with special needs.
  3. 3. FMVSS 213 • For children up to 80 pounds • Vehicle and car/booster seat manufacturers required to self-certify • Child restraint systems must pass 30 miles per hour frontal sled test simulates a crash 7-3
  4. 4. FMVSS 213 (continued) • Padding, flammability, and buckle release pressure • Permanent, visible labels • LATCH with tether connector and lower anchor connectors • Registration card and notification of recalls 7-4
  5. 5. Birth to 12 Months • A child under 1 should ALWAYS ride in a rear-facing car seat. • There are different types of rear-facing car seats: rear- facing-only, convertible, and 3-in-1. 7-5
  6. 6. 1 to 3 Years • Children should ride in rear-facing car seats AS LONG AS POSSIBLE. • Remain in a rear-facing car seat until reaching the top height or weight limit allowed by car seat manufacturer. 7-6
  7. 7. 4 to 7 Years Children should be kept in a forward-facing car seat with a harness until they reach top height or weight limit allowed by the manufacturer. 7-7
  8. 8. 8 to 12 Years Children should be kept in booster seats until big enough to properly fit in a seat belt. 7-8
  9. 9. Labels & Registration Cards 7-9
  10. 10. Testing and Recalls • NHTSA Testing - Random tests to ensure products conform to standards. - Tests products reported by public or manufacturer to have a potential problem. • Recalls - May be initiated through compliance testing or defect monitoring. - Always follow the manufacturer’s recall instructions. 7-9a
  11. 11. Car Seat & Booster Seat Parts 7-10
  12. 12. Belt Path, Recline Adjuster & Splitter Plate 7-11
  13. 13. Locking Clip, Lock-Off & LATCH Connectors 7-11a
  14. 14. Detachable Base & Adjustment Foot 7-12
  15. 15. Carry Handle 7-13
  16. 16. Foot Prop/Load Leg & Anti-Rebound Bar 7-14
  17. 17. Instruction Manual 7-14a
  18. 18. Practice Activity Name the Car Seat Parts and Functions 7-14b 
  19. 19. Best Car Seat One that: •Fits the child’s age, size, and developmental levels •Fits the vehicle •The caregiver will use correctly each time 7-15
  20. 20. 7-16 Convenience Factors Seat Factor Caregiver Questions Number and position of harness strap slots Is there room for my child to grow? Automatic or 1-step harness adjustment mechanisms Is it easy to tighten and loosen the harness straps? Rear-facing-only car seat versus rear-facing convertible car seat Is it more economical for my family to purchase a convertible or 3-in-1 car seat? Detachable base options on rear-facing-only seats Is it more convenient for my family as extra bases can be purchased for every person driving my child?
  21. 21. Used Car Seats & Booster Seats • Get a complete history. • Work with owner to review seat. • JPMA suggests replacing if older than 6 years AND no expiration date. 7-17
  22. 22. Car Seats & Booster Seats That Have Been in a Crash NHTSA criteria: • No cracks or deformities (dented or bulging surfaces) can be seen by looking at the seat. • The vehicle with the seat installed can be driven from scene. • The vehicle door nearest the seat is undamaged. • There were no occupant injuries. • Air bags did not open. 7-18
  23. 23. Common Selection Errors 7-19
  24. 24. Cleaning Car Seats • Always follow manufacturer instructions to clean a car seat or booster seat. • If necessary, harnesses must be air-dried. • Use only mild soap and water. • Never use chemicals such as starch, bleach or spray on fabric care products. • Never iron the harness. • Never lubricate the buckle. 7-19a
  25. 25. Special Needs & Car Seats Special consideration is required for a child with: • A low birth weight or born prematurely • Cerebral Palsy • Breathing problems • A cast • Behavior issues 7-20
  26. 26. Special Needs & Car Seats (continued) Approach and criteria for selecting best car seat remain the same as with any child: •First option is to use a conventional car seat if it meets child’s needs. •Appropriate car seat selection should be made in collaboration with child’s medical team. •Whenever possible, consult a CPS Technician who has had Safe Travel for All Children training. 7-21
  27. 27. Special Needs & Car Seats (continued) 7-22
  28. 28. Child Behavior Considerations • Caregivers will often request your advice regarding actions they can take when driving a child with problem behavior. • The behavior may be caused by a medical condition or developmental stage. • Support caregivers, refer to other resources, or consider a car seat with a higher weight harness, non-conventional seat, or vest. 7-23
  29. 29. Key Questions Related to Car Seats & Booster Seats • What is the age, height, and weight of the child? • Should the child be rear-facing or forward-facing? • Does the child have any special needs? • What type of seat is it? • Which type of seat should the child be using? 7-24
  30. 30. Key Questions Related to Car Seats & Booster Seats (continued) • Is it a used seat? • Has the seat ever been in a crash? • Are all seat parts and pieces in good working order? • Are there any missing parts or labels? • Who else rides in the vehicle? 7-25
  31. 31.  Progress Check Answer these questions in your TG: 1. What is the best car seat or booster seat for a child? 2. How long should children ride in rear-facing car seats? 3. Why might a car seat or booster seat that is missing its product information label be dangerous to use? 4. Should a car seat or booster seat be replaced after a crash? 5. What are some situations or conditions that may require the selection of specialized adaptive car seats? 7-25a