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Mod5 January 2015


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Mod5 January 2015

  1. 1. National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program Module 5 Air Bags 5-1
  2. 2. 5-2 Module 5 Objectives • Describe the purpose and function of air bags. • Identify features, warnings, and markings related to air bags for frontal and side impacts. • Identify features of inflatable seat belts. • Locate air bag information in owner’s manuals and vehicles. • Explain best practices about air bags to caregivers.
  3. 3. Air Bag Definition • Vehicle safety device made up of flexible fabric envelope designed to rapidly deploy in a crash • Located almost anywhere in vehicle 5-3
  4. 4. How Air Bags Work • Spread crash forces over a large part of body • Can only deploy once and MUST be replaced after a crash 5-4
  5. 5. Air Bags for Frontal Impacts • Driver air bags in steering wheel • Front seat passenger air bags in instrument panel, over glove box • Knee air bags in some vehicles 5-5
  6. 6. 3 Types of Passenger Air Bags 1. Always on or active in the vehicle 2. Can be turned on and off using a manual switch 3. Automatically turned on and off by vehicle based on occupant seated in front passenger seat 5-6
  7. 7. Always On or Active Air Bags • NEVER place a rear-facing car seat in front passenger seat. • If a forward-facing child must sit in front passenger seat, move vehicle seat as far back from air bag as possible; make sure child is seated in an appropriate car seat/booster seat. Instruct child NOT to lean forward in the seat toward air bag. 5-7
  8. 8. Air Bags that Turn On and Off Using a Manual Switch • Caregivers must check owner’s manual to understand proper operation of on/off switch. • If a forward-facing child must sit in front passenger seat, the switch must be in “off” position. 5-8
  9. 9. Air Bags that Automatically Turn On & Off With Occupant in Front Passenger Seat • Caregivers need to understand specific systems installed in vehicle. Remind them to check their owner’s manual. • Caregivers should always assume air bag is on if not sure. NEVER place a rear-facing car seat in a seating position with an active front air bag unless vehicle owner’s manual allows it. 5-9
  10. 10. Air Bags that Automatically Turn On & Off With Occupant in Front Passenger Seat (continued) • It is important that caregiver understands what indicators in vehicle mean. Ensure that air bag is “off” for child sizes and conditions listed in owner’s manual. • Just because a vehicle is new, do NOT assume passenger air bag will have an automatic on/off system. 5-10
  11. 11. Typical Location of Front Air Bag Warnings & Markings • Warning label always located on sun visor • Labels or markings typically located on or near cover of air bag 5-11
  12. 12. Typical Location of Front Air Bag Warnings & Markings (continued) • Always check vehicle owner’s manual to find more information about air bags for front crashes. • Each vehicle manufacturer places labels in different positions and may use different terms. 5-12
  13. 13. Air Bags for Side Impact • Found in both front and rear rows • NOT required in all vehicles, unlike front air bags • Generally smaller than front air bags • Found in various places: – In door – Inside vehicle seat – In roof 5-13
  14. 14. Front Center Air Bags • Found in right (inside) side of driver’s seat • Open from right side of driver’s seat and deploy forward, between seat and center console • Labeled, when present, on right side of the seat 5-14
  15. 15. Typical Location of Side Air Bag Warnings & Markings • Warning labels may be found anywhere including: – In the door opening – On end of instrument panel – Near air bag 5-15
  16. 16. Typical Location of Side Air Bag Warnings & Markings (continued) • Labels or markings may be found: – On side of seats – Near edge of roof – On opening or the side of door 5-16
  17. 17. Inflatable Seat Belt • Generally opens in frontal, side, and rollover crashes • Located in shoulder portion of lap-and-shoulder seat belt • Has 2 retractors and a sewn-on latchplate • Spreads belt loads over a greater area of chest than standard seat belts • Provides additional head and neck support during a crash 5-17
  18. 18. Practice Activity Locate Front and Side Air Bag Information in Owner’s Manuals & Vehicles 5-17a 
  19. 19. Key Questions Related to Air Bags • What types of air bags are in vehicle? • Where are air bags found in vehicle? • Is passenger air bag automatically switched on and off in vehicle? – If feature is present, where is indicator light or lights? – Under what conditions does vehicle automatically switch passenger air bag on and off? • How do vehicle’s air bags affect the car seat or booster seat? 5-18
  20. 20.  Progress Check Answer these questions in your TG: 1. What is the purpose of air bags? 2. What are the crash types in which air bags are designed to deploy? 3. What are three types of passenger air bags? 4. What must you do with air bags after a crash? 5-18a