Artificial intelligence

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Artificial intelligence

  1. 1. Boon for INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES…!!!
  2. 2. What is Intelligence ? <ul><ul><li>Intelligence is what we use when we don’t know what to do. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People can recognize intelligence in other people and animals. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Features of Intelligence <ul><li>Intelligence requires an ability to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform complex tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize complex patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solve unseen problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn from experience </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Features of Intelligence <ul><ul><li>Learn from instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Natural Language: English , French, Dutch, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be aware of self (consciousness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use tools </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What is Artificial Intelligence… <ul><ul><li>Artificial Intelligence is the study of “how to make computers do things which at the moment people do better”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It aims at Making Computer Intelligent </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Continued… <ul><ul><li>AI is the study of heuristics, rather than algorithms </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Algorithm <ul><ul><li>A prescription for solving a given problem, over a defined range of input conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: S olving a quadratic equation, or a set of N linear equations involving N variables. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Heuristic <ul><ul><li>A rule of thumb, which usually works but may not do so in all circumstances. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example :- Getting to college in time for a 9.00 a.m. lecture </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Turing Thesis <ul><ul><li>There is no functional difference between </li></ul></ul><ul><li>brains and computers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any thought process used by a human can, in principle, be programmed into a computer. </li></ul></ul>Alan M. Turing
  10. 10. Turing Machine <ul><ul><li>A Turing Machine is a mathematical model of a digital computer running a program. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alan Turing hypothesized that a TM can perform any arithmetic / logical task that we may specify. TM can perform tasks such as solving equations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is one TM that can simulate all other TMs. (Called the Universal Turing Machine, UTM ) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. A Big mistake Given enough time and money, science / mathematics can solve any problem.
  12. 12. Impossibility <ul><li>There are some tasks that neither people nor computers can do - and never will! </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Impossibility :- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of the human mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of present-day technology (dynamic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits due to the finite age / size of the Universe </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Applications Of A.I. <ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit rating and risk assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance risk evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fraud detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insider dealing detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signature verification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machinery defect diagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signal processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process supervision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process fault analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radar signal classification </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Applications Of A.I.(Contd..) <ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Face recognition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker verification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fingerprint analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General diagnosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detection of heart defects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognizing genes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Botanical classification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacteria identification </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Importance Of A.I. <ul><ul><li>AI about creating intelligent entities, with a range of abilities such as language, vision, manipulation/navigation.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It helps us to break the prism of past experiences and plunge into the large ocean of productivity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The examples are many and for instance four colour problem. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Importance Of A.I.(Contd.) <ul><ul><li>Artificial intelligence has successfully been used in a wide range of fields including medical diagnosis , stock trading , robot control , law , scientific discovery, video games and toys. Frequently, when a technique reaches mainstream use it is no longer considered artificial intelligence, sometimes described as the AI effect .It may also become integrated into artificial life . </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Application Forecast <ul><ul><li>Future sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Based Variables </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>CHANDRA PRAKASH SINGH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY-7TH SEM. </li></ul>

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