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Assistive technology presentation


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ITEC 7530 Spring 2014 Assistive Technology Presentation

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Assistive technology presentation

  1. 1. Assistive Technology Presentation CHERYL PRESSWOOD SPRING 2014
  2. 2. Important Definitions  Assistive Technology- an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities and also includes the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.  Often used synonymously with adaptive technology, assistive technology refers to "any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities”.
  3. 3. Examples of Devices for Physical Impairments  Wheelchairs  Walkers  Personal Emergency Response Systems  Accessibility Software  Prosthetic  Sip and Puff device  Braille technology (visual)
  4. 4. Cognitive Impairment  Kids with delayed skills or other disabilities might be eligible          for special services that provide individualized education programs (IEP) in public schools, free of charge to families. learning disabilities attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) emotional disorders cognitive challenges autism hearing impairment visual impairment speech or language impairment developmental delay
  5. 5. Individualized Education Program  The referral process generally begins when a teacher, parent, or doctor is concerned that a child may be having trouble in the classroom, and the teacher notifies the school counselor or psychologist.  To determine eligibility, a multidisciplinary team of professionals will evaluate the child based on their observations; the child's performance on standardized tests; and daily work such as tests, quizzes, classwork, and homework.  The parents then have a chance to review the report before the IEP is developed. Some parents will disagree with the report, and they will have the opportunity to work together with the school to come up with a plan that best meets the child's needs.
  6. 6. Assistive Technology Resources  ATA Center/Play Information: The ATA is a national network of technology     resource centers, organizations, individuals and companies offering: information and referral on technology resources, outreach, training for individuals with disabilities and professionals, and networking opportunities. Family Center on Technology and Disability The Family Center supports organizations and programs that work with families of children and youth with disabilities through a range of information and services on assistive technologies. KITE Project, Pacer Center KITE Project is a training curriculum for parents and teachers of young children with disabilities used to promote inclusion through the use of technology. Let’s Play Projects, Center for Assistive Technology These projects provide ideas and strategies to promote play through better access to play materials, and use assistive technology to give children this access. Tots ‘n Tech Tots ‘n Tech disseminations information from its national research center about the use of assistive technology to enhance the development of infants and toddlers with disabilities.
  7. 7. Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)  The guidelines for service delivery of assistive technology (AT) are found in the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA).  Also described in IDEA, is an Assistive Technology Service. This is defined as "...any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device" (IDEA 300.6). Studies have shown that assistive technology can significantly improve the educational, vocational, and social performance of individuals with disabilities. Federal law mandates that schools annually consider assistive technology accommodations in the Individual Education Program (IEP) of all eligible students.
  8. 8. Tech Act or No Tech  Public Law 105-17, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), uses the same definitions for assistive technology as the Tech Act and mandates that assistive technology be considered in developing Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for students with disabilities.  "No-technology" or "no-tech" refers to any assistive device that is not electronic. No-tech items range from a piece of foam glued onto the corners of book pages to make turning easier to a study carrel to reduce distraction. "Low-technology" or "low-tech" devices are electronic but do not include highly sophisticated computer components, such as an electronic voicerecording device or a "talking watch" (Behrmann & Schaff, 2001). "Hightechnology" or "high-tech" devices utilize complex, multifunction technology and usually include a computer and associated software.  Lahm and Morissette (1994) identified areas of instruction in which AT can assist students. Six of these are described here: (1) organization, (2) note taking, (3) writing, (4) academic productivity, (5) access to reference and general educational materials, and (6) cognitive assistance.
  9. 9. Hearing Assistive Technology  What are hearing assistive technology systems (HATS)?  Hearing assistive technology systems (HATS) are devices that can help you function better in your day-to-day communication situations. HATS can be used with or without hearing aids or cochlear implants to make hearing easier—and thereby reduce stress and fatigue. Hearing aids + HATS = better listening and better communication!  Situations especially difficult for people with hearing loss: a. Distance between the listener and the sound source b. Competing noise in the environment c. Poor room acoustics/reverberation
  10. 10. Examples of Assistive Technology     Read and Write Gold – Comprehensive Literacy software with features such as Text-to-Speech with highlighting, Word Prediction while typing, Study skills for organization and research, Scanning Documents & Books with OCR, highlighting and exporting with Bibliography, Fact-Mapping and Brainstorming, and Web apps for the iPad. The features of Read and Write Gold are also available as an extension in the Chrome browser. Voice Recognition Software – Use your voice to control everything. Speech-to-Text software and apps for individuals who are physically unable to access a computer, or may have a learning disability or print disability. Speech recognition can be utilized to access all features of a computer- reading, navigating, typing, research, sending email and texts, completing work, etc. It can also be used for environmental controls in one’s home environment, for lights, television, music, appliances, etc. Speech recognition can also support individuals who may struggle with spelling and grammar. Digital Magnifiers and Magnification Software and Hardware - Software to magnify your computer screen, invert text colors, increase mouse and cursor sizes. Hardware to Magnify Documents and Books, magnify the Whiteboard or Chalkboard to be able to see instruction, Take photos to study later, screen reading built-in, and more options for individuals who are Visually impaired, or losing sight over time. There are also magnification apps for Apple(iPad/ iOS devices) and Android. Magnification options are available on iphones, iPads, and tablets for use in the community, such as reading bus schedules or signs, menus, and utilizing for work. Refreshable Braille Displays – utilized by individuals who are Blind and Read Braille. Access all information on the computer, iPad, or iphone by connecting to a refreshable Braille display, and having instant, real-time, refreshing Braille to access the information that is presented. Refreshable Braille displays offer access to the computer, research, email, texting, textbooks, ebooks, iphones, iPads, and more.
  11. 11. Georgia Project for Assistive Technology  The Georgia Project for Assistive Technology (GPAT), a unit of the Georgia Department of Education, supports local school systems in their efforts to provide assistive technology devices and services to students with disabilities. Funded since 1991, GPAT has focused on building local assistive technology resources by providing quality professional learning and technical support services.  The mission of GPAT is to improve student achievement, productivity, independence and inclusion by enhancing educator knowledge of assistive technology and increasing student access to appropriate assistive technology devices and services.
  12. 12. How This Works in Higher Education           Section 508, Section 504 and the ADA all impact the delivery of web-based content for institutes of higher education. To clarify: Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998 is U.S. federal law. It provides specific instructions that must be followed when creating web-based content. For example, Section 508 requires that every nontext element (image, chart, graph, audio, video, animation, etc.) must be accompanied by a text equivalent for those who are not able to see, hear or otherwise access the non-text element. Thus, Section 508 provides standards for compliance. Section 504 and the ADA are civil rights legislation. Section 504 is part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law in 1990 in order to make American society more accessible to individuals with disabilities. It also prohibits discrimination based on disability. When individuals file lawsuits or civil rights complaints against institutes of higher education, they do so based on Section 504 or ADA violations. Section 508 Section 508 was originally written for federal agencies. However, all states that receive funding through the Assistive Technology Act must also comply with Section 508. Since the state of Georgia receives funding under the Assistive Technology Act, the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia has determined that all institutions under the Board of Regents fall within the scope of Section 508. Section 508 provides accessibility standards to be followed in the procurement, development, maintenance and utilization of the following: Software Applications and Operating Systems Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications Telecommunications Products Video or Multimedia Products Self-contained, Closed Products Desktop and Portable Computers
  13. 13. Assistive Technology Journals - The journals included in this section are dedicated to assistive - - - technology research and scholarly articles. Assistive Technology Assistive Technology Outcomes and Benefits (ATOB) Journal of Special Education Technology (JSET) American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities
  14. 14. Resources          