Romanticartsong

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Romanticartsong

  1. 1. Music: An Appreciation 7 th brief Edition by Roger Kamien 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  2. 2. Part 5, Chapter 3 The Art Song <ul><ul><li>Composition for solo voice and piano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accompaniment integral part of the song </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to vast amount of poetry in this period </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Composers interpreted poems, translating mood, atmosphere and imagery into music </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mood summed up at end with piano postlude </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strophic form repeats music for each verse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Through-composed—new music each verse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes modified strophic form used </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Song Cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group of songs unified in some manne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storyline or musical idea may link the songs </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Franz Schubert <ul><li>Viennese composer (1797-1828) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prodigious output </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When 18 years old wrote 143 songs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At 19 years wrote 179 works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Included 2 symphonies, opera & mass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Schubert’s Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote over 600 songs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also symphonies, string quartets, other chamber music, sonatas, masses, operas, & piano works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including The Unfinished Symphony : only 2 movements, not 4 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Listening <ul><li>Erlk ö nig , “ The Erlking ” (1815) </li></ul><ul><li>by Franz Schubert </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 217 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Through-composed form </li></ul><ul><li>Piano portrays galloping horse </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic ending </li></ul><ul><li>One singer sounds like several </li></ul><ul><li>characters by use of </li></ul><ul><li>different vocal registers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Robert Schumann <ul><li>German composer (1810-1856) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to be piano virtuoso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Married his piano teacher’s daughter, Clara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperamentally unsuited for some of the musical positions he attempted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Committed to asylum where he died </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Robert Schumann’s Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote piano pieces, art songs, and later symphonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Piano pieces and art songs frequently in cycles </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Listening <ul><li>Selected movements from Carnaval (1834) </li></ul><ul><li>by Robert Schumann </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 221 </li></ul><ul><li>Estrella </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Ternary form </li></ul><ul><li>syncopation in B section </li></ul><ul><li>Reconnaissance (Reunion) </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Ternary form </li></ul><ul><li>B section shifts from homophonic to polyphonic texture </li></ul>
  7. 7. Clara Wieck Schumann <ul><li>German composer (1819-1896) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading concert pianist and female composer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Married Robert Schumann </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped composing after his death to focus on performing his works </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friends with young Johannes Brahms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clara Schumann’s Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped composing at age 36 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered herself primarily a performer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote songs, piano pieces, a concerto </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Listening <ul><li>Romance in E Flat Minor for Piano (1839) </li></ul><ul><li>by Clara Wieck Schumann </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 223 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Short, lyrical piece for piano </li></ul><ul><li>Ternary form - A B A’ with coda </li></ul><ul><li>Minor key </li></ul>
  9. 9. Franz Liszt <ul><li>Hungarian composer (1811-1886) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtuoso pianist, incredible performer and showman— ” rock star “ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touring concert pianist until age 36 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retired from touring & became court conductor and later took minor holy orders – Abb é Liszt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liszt’s Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found new ways to exploit the piano , Extremely controversial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombastic & vulgar, yet seen as the ideal direction for music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broke away from strict Classical forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created symphonic poem ( tone poem ) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Felix Mendelssohn <ul><li>German composer (1809-1847) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and other works before being teenager </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for revival of Bach’s work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sister, Fanny, was also a composer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Died of a stroke while touring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mendelssohn ’ s Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Somewhat more conservative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoids emotional extremes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects both elegance and balance </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Listening <ul><li>Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in E Minor , Op. 64 (1844) </li></ul><ul><li>First Movement </li></ul><ul><li>by Felix Mendelssohn </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 233 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Controlled emotionalism </li></ul><ul><li>Simple, singing melodies </li></ul><ul><li>Cadenza near the end for soloist </li></ul>

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