Part I Element of Sound Music: An Appreciation, Brief 7th Edition by Roger Kamien  2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
<ul><li>Session Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Ask “What is Music?” </li></ul><ul><li>Define “Sound” </li></ul><ul><li>Dig deeper...
<ul><li>What is Music? </li></ul><ul><li>Vital part of human society </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded music vs live performance ...
<ul><li>What is Sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Sound is brain food </li></ul><ul><li>Music is organized sound in time </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>How high or low is the sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Determined by Frequency </li></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>How loud or soft is the sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Determined by Amplitude </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Tone Color -  Timbre </li></ul><ul><li>What does it sound like? </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of tone </li></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Listening Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outlines & Vocal Music Guides </li></ul><ul><li>Connect Listening O...
Listening <ul><li>The Firebird,  Scene 2  (1910) </li></ul><ul><li>by Igor Stravinsky </li></ul><ul><li>Brief Set:  CD 1:0...
Listening <ul><li>C-Jam Blues  (1942) </li></ul><ul><li>by Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>Brief...
<ul><li>Wrap Up and Questions </li></ul>
<ul><li>What’s Next </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing the Conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Connect reading </li></ul><ul><li>Revi...
Have a great day! 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
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  • Welcome to today’s session on the musical element of sound. I hope everyone has had the opportunity to register your Connect card or sign up for the 1-month free trial. Remember, you must be signed up before September 6 for ASU and September for NMJC students.
  • Today’s we will Ask “What is Music?” Define “Sound” Dig deeper into the properties of Sound Listening Examples
  • Vital part of human society Provides entertainment, emotional release, accompanies activities Heard everywhere in modern life Recorded music is a 20 th century innovation Internet access, portable audio Live performance – special excitement Experience affected by emotional state of both performer and audience Evaluating music performance Background music vs. Active Listening Perceptive listening to enhance enjoyment Knowledge of musical elements enhances perception (Music Critiques – Mrs. Ponce’s ASU Classes only) What is music to you? Think about your own definition of music. Take a few minutes to write it down.
  • Our world is filled with sounds Sounds can be pleasant or unpleasant Humans are able to focus on specific sounds Can ignore sounds that do not interest us Sound is: Result of a vibrating object Vibrations are transmitted through a medium – air for instance The transmission is received by a receptor – our ears – and become impulses The impulses are then processed by our brains So, music is the Organization of those sounds in time. The four properties of musical sounds are: Pitch Dynamics Tone color Duration
  • Pitch is the highness or lowness of a sound and is: Determined by frequency of the vibration Fast vibration=high pitch; slow vibration=low pitch Generally, smaller vibrating objects=higher pitches In music, definite pitch is a tone Tones have specific frequencies, e.g., 440 cycles (vibrations) per second = A Irregular vibrations create sounds of indefinite pitch, e.g. a “ thunk ” We will look at this more when we get to percussion instruments Interval : distance between 2 tones Octave : doubling/halving of frequency Tones an octave apart seem to blend together Western music divides octave into 12 tones Non-western music may divide into different number Range : distance between voice or instrument ’s highest &amp; lowest possible tones
  • Dynamics are the relative loudness of a sound Related to the amplitude of the vibration Changes in dynamics, sudden or gradual, make music interesting An Accent is also used to vary the music. That is a tone played louder than tones near it Musicians use Italian terms to indicate dynamics Extremes: ppp, pppp, fff, ffff Crescendo : gradually louder Decrescendo : gradually softer
  • Tone Color – also called timbre Quality that distinguishes tones Can be bright, dark, mellow, etc. Unlimited variety of tone colors Composers frequently blend sounds of instruments to create new tone colors Changes in tone color create variety and contrast Tone colors add a sense of continuity Specific melodies with specific tone colors Modern electronic techniques create new tone colors
  • Listening Outlines &amp; Vocal Music Guides Helps focus attention on musical events as they occur Preceded by description of the music ’s main features Listening Outline - points out notable musical sounds Vocal Music Guide – helps the listener follow the thought, story, or drama Suggestion: while listening to one passage, look ahead to what is next.
  • Thanks and see you all next time. Let me know if you have any questions or concerns. My online office hours this week will be:
  • es2

    1. 1. Part I Element of Sound Music: An Appreciation, Brief 7th Edition by Roger Kamien 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
    2. 2. <ul><li>Session Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Ask “What is Music?” </li></ul><ul><li>Define “Sound” </li></ul><ul><li>Dig deeper into the properties of sound </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss Listening Examples and Outlines </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>What is Music? </li></ul><ul><li>Vital part of human society </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded music vs live performance </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating music performance </li></ul><ul><li>What is “music” to you? </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>What is Sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Sound is brain food </li></ul><ul><li>Music is organized sound in time </li></ul><ul><li>4 properties of musical sound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tone Color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duration </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>How high or low is the sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Determined by Frequency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast wave – high sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>slow wave – low sound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tone: definite pitch vs indefinite pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Interval </li></ul><ul><li>Range </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>How loud or soft is the sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Determined by Amplitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in dynamics for interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accents also used for interest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Italian terms and symbols used </li></ul>pianissimo pp very soft piano p soft mezzo piano mp moderately soft mezzo forte mf moderately loud forte f loud fortissimo ff very loud
    7. 7. <ul><li>Tone Color - Timbre </li></ul><ul><li>What does it sound like? </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of tone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive words used to describe the sound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only limited by imagination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine instruments to make new colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change to created interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use same tones to create continuity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electronic techniques </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Listening Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outlines & Vocal Music Guides </li></ul><ul><li>Connect Listening Outlines </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion </li></ul>
    9. 9. Listening <ul><li>The Firebird, Scene 2 (1910) </li></ul><ul><li>by Igor Stravinsky </li></ul><ul><li>Brief Set: CD 1:01 </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Tone Colors through instrumentation </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic contrasts </li></ul>2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
    10. 10. Listening <ul><li>C-Jam Blues (1942) </li></ul><ul><li>by Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>Brief set, CD 1:3 </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Tone Colors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeated note melody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvised solos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muted brass instruments </li></ul></ul>2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
    11. 11. <ul><li>Wrap Up and Questions </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>What’s Next </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing the Conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Connect reading </li></ul><ul><li>Review materials in Blackboard Learn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tutorial, Presentation, Quiz </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning Community </li></ul>
    13. 13. Have a great day! 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education

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