RISING TEMPERATURES AND MELTING ICE HAVE AFFECTED THE HABITATS OF FIVE SPECIES OF THE SWIMMING BIRDS.
THE EMPEROR, THE LARGEST AND MOST RECOGNIZABLE OF THE PENGUIN SPECIES, IS THOUGHT TO BE THE MOST VULNERABLE OF ALL LIFE IN...
2009 REPORT OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARGUES THAT THE EARLY BREAK-UP OF THE WINTER SEA ICE TH...
THE EMPERORS HUDDLE TOGETHER TO PROTECT THEMSELVES FROM THE EXTREME COLD OF ANTARCTICA. SCIENTISTS WARN THAT GLOBAL WARMIN...
IN THE LAST 25 YEARS, THE ADÉLIE POPULATION HAS DROPPED 65% DUE TO A LOSS OF SEA ICE AND INCREASED COMPETITION FOR FOOD AM...
THE ADÉLIE ARE SHRINKING AT A GREATER RATE THAN THE OTHER PENGUIN SPECIES. THEY HAVE LESS FORAGING CAPABILITY THAN CHINSTR...
ADÉLIE PENGUINS REQUIRE DRY LAND FOR BREEDING GROUNDS AND STONE PEBBLES FOR CREATING NESTS, BUT THEIR GREATER SURVIVAL DEP...
THERE ARE CURRENTLY 2 MILLION PAIRS OF BREEDING KING PENGUINS ON THE ISLANDS NORTH OF ANTARCTICA. RESEARCH SUGGESTS THAT T...
KING PENGUINS RELY ON KRILL AND SMALL CRUSTACEANS FOR FOOD, BUT AN INCREASE IN SURFACE OCEAN TEMPERATURES IS REDUCING THE ...
THE TIME THAT THE PENGUINS DEVOTE TO SEARCHING FOR FOOD, RESEARCH SUGGESTS, TAKES AWAY FROM THE TIME THEY SPEND FEEDING TH...
THE WARMING TEMPERATURES HAVE BEEN TEMPORARILY BENEFICIAL FOR CHINSTRAP PENGUINS, WHICH BREED AND NEST ON LAND WITH NO ICE...
WARMER TEMPERATURES HAVE FORCED CHINSTRAPS FURTHER SOUTH, WHICH IS PUTTING THEM IN COMPETITION WITH EMPERORS AND ADÉLIES F...
THE COLONY AT ZAVODOVSKI ISLAND IN THE ANTARCTIC IS THE WORLD'S LARGEST CHINSTRAP BREEDING GROUND. MALE & FEMALE CHINSTRAP...
THE GENTOO BIRDS GUARD THEIR EGGS IN SHIFTS AND PREFER SLIGHTLY WARMER TEMPERATURES. IN THE LAST FEW DECADES, THEIR NUMBER...
THE DECREASE IN POPULATION IS LIKELY DUE TO REDUCED FOOD AVAILABILITY AS A RESULT OF OVERFISHING AND CLIMATE CHANGE.
THE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE LISTS THE GENTOO AS NEAR EXTINCTION, WHICH MEANS THAT IT IS NOT CRITICA...
EMPEROR, ADELIE, KING, CHINSTRAP AND GENTOO PENGUINS ALL SHARE ANTARCTICA'S UNCERTAIN FUTURE.
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Global Warming Threatens Penguins

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  • Dear Friend due to present disastrous global warming and other changes we definitely loss many of earth creatures like these penguins and many more. From the last 2 centuries we already missed many species and the list is going and even united nations declares many species as 'ENDANGERED SPECIES'.

    In our future generations many people will miss to see them and only through internet and in museums only they watch and know about these tiny and other rare creatures of our mother earth.

    It is part of every one to save and preserve our planet and its flora and fauna for our future generations.
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Global Warming Threatens Penguins

  1. 1. RISING TEMPERATURES AND MELTING ICE HAVE AFFECTED THE HABITATS OF FIVE SPECIES OF THE SWIMMING BIRDS.
  2. 2. THE EMPEROR, THE LARGEST AND MOST RECOGNIZABLE OF THE PENGUIN SPECIES, IS THOUGHT TO BE THE MOST VULNERABLE OF ALL LIFE IN ANTARCTICA. ACCORDING TO THE WORLD WILDLIFE FEDERATION, THE OVERALL RISE IN TEMPERATURES IS MELTING SEA ICE AND DRAMATICALLY REDUCING THE SCOPE OF THE PENGUIN'S HABITAT.
  3. 3. 2009 REPORT OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARGUES THAT THE EARLY BREAK-UP OF THE WINTER SEA ICE THAT SUPPORTS THE COLONY MAY CONTRIBUTE TO LOW BREEDING SUCCESS. THE MALE EMPEROR PENGUIN FAMOUSLY GUARDS THE EGG ON ITS FEET IN BLIZZARDS AND TEMPERATURES AS LOW AS -49C UNTIL IT HATCHES.
  4. 4. THE EMPERORS HUDDLE TOGETHER TO PROTECT THEMSELVES FROM THE EXTREME COLD OF ANTARCTICA. SCIENTISTS WARN THAT GLOBAL WARMING COULD PUT THE MAGNIFICENT BIRDS AT THE RISK OF EXTINCTION BY THE END OF THE NEXT CENTURY.
  5. 5. IN THE LAST 25 YEARS, THE ADÉLIE POPULATION HAS DROPPED 65% DUE TO A LOSS OF SEA ICE AND INCREASED COMPETITION FOR FOOD AMONG OTHER PENGUIN SPECIES.
  6. 6. THE ADÉLIE ARE SHRINKING AT A GREATER RATE THAN THE OTHER PENGUIN SPECIES. THEY HAVE LESS FORAGING CAPABILITY THAN CHINSTRAP AND GENTOO PENGUINS.
  7. 7. ADÉLIE PENGUINS REQUIRE DRY LAND FOR BREEDING GROUNDS AND STONE PEBBLES FOR CREATING NESTS, BUT THEIR GREATER SURVIVAL DEPENDS ON THE PRESENCE OF SEA ICE.
  8. 8. THERE ARE CURRENTLY 2 MILLION PAIRS OF BREEDING KING PENGUINS ON THE ISLANDS NORTH OF ANTARCTICA. RESEARCH SUGGESTS THAT THE POPULATION IS DECLINING AS SEA TEMPERATURES WARM AND THE BIRDS ARE FORCED TO TRAVEL LONGER DISTANCES TO FIND FOOD.
  9. 9. KING PENGUINS RELY ON KRILL AND SMALL CRUSTACEANS FOR FOOD, BUT AN INCREASE IN SURFACE OCEAN TEMPERATURES IS REDUCING THE SUPPLY IN THE WINTER MONTHS.
  10. 10. THE TIME THAT THE PENGUINS DEVOTE TO SEARCHING FOR FOOD, RESEARCH SUGGESTS, TAKES AWAY FROM THE TIME THEY SPEND FEEDING THEIR CHICKS. KING PENGUIN STANDS AMONG A LARGE NUMBER OF CHICKS IN SOUTHERN OCEAN.
  11. 11. THE WARMING TEMPERATURES HAVE BEEN TEMPORARILY BENEFICIAL FOR CHINSTRAP PENGUINS, WHICH BREED AND NEST ON LAND WITH NO ICE OR SNOW.
  12. 12. WARMER TEMPERATURES HAVE FORCED CHINSTRAPS FURTHER SOUTH, WHICH IS PUTTING THEM IN COMPETITION WITH EMPERORS AND ADÉLIES FOR FOOD.
  13. 13. THE COLONY AT ZAVODOVSKI ISLAND IN THE ANTARCTIC IS THE WORLD'S LARGEST CHINSTRAP BREEDING GROUND. MALE & FEMALE CHINSTRAPS GUARD THEIR EGGS, WHICH COME IN PAIRS, IN SHIFTS; ONE PROTECTS NEST WHILE OTHER FISHES FOR UP TO EIGHT DAYS.
  14. 14. THE GENTOO BIRDS GUARD THEIR EGGS IN SHIFTS AND PREFER SLIGHTLY WARMER TEMPERATURES. IN THE LAST FEW DECADES, THEIR NUMBERS HAVE BEEN ON THE DECLINE.
  15. 15. THE DECREASE IN POPULATION IS LIKELY DUE TO REDUCED FOOD AVAILABILITY AS A RESULT OF OVERFISHING AND CLIMATE CHANGE.
  16. 16. THE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE LISTS THE GENTOO AS NEAR EXTINCTION, WHICH MEANS THAT IT IS NOT CRITICALLY ENDANGERED BUT AT RISK OF BEING RECLASSIFIED.
  17. 17. EMPEROR, ADELIE, KING, CHINSTRAP AND GENTOO PENGUINS ALL SHARE ANTARCTICA'S UNCERTAIN FUTURE.
  18. 18. http://www.slideshare.net/powerpointslideshows http://www.powerpointslideshows.blogspot.com http://www.twitter.com/pptslideshows

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