Excavating the Alberta Oil Sands with Public Justice

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John Hiemstra\'s presentation on Alberta Oil Sands. See the video from the presentation at http://cpj.blip.tv/#1036772.

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Excavating the Alberta Oil Sands with Public Justice

  1. 1. Overview of oil sands developments! The Scope and the Challenge
  2. 2. North East Alberta
  3. 3. Bitumen Deposits =140,200 sq km
  4. 4. Size…  largest known hydrocarbon deposit  1.7 to 2.5 trillion barrels in deposit  2nd largest petroleum reserves in the world (Saudi Arabia has largest)  175 billion barrels of bitumen deemed recoverable (15% of the world reserves)  With newer technologies, up to 2.5 trillion barrels might be recovered
  5. 5. Geographical Comparison  larger than the state of Florida  2 X size of New Brunswick  4.5 X size of Vancouver Island  greater than the entire country of Honduras (112,088 sq. km)
  6. 6. Current production  Currently, 1.1 million barrels bitumen/day  about 1/3 Alberta’s total oil production  expected to rise to 2.7 million barrels / day by 2015  oil sands could supply Canada’s energy needs for 475 years  or total world needs for up to 15 years
  7. 7. Future Potential
  8. 8. Currently industry recovers 1.1 million barrels of bitumen / day  = about 1/3 Alberta’s total oil production  expected to rise to 2.7 million barrels / day by 2015  oil sands could supply Canada’s energy needs for more than 475 years  or total world needs for up to 15 years
  9. 9. Open pit mining method
  10. 10. Open pit mining:  19% of reserve close to the surface  ‘truck and shovel mining’ method  move enough ‘overburden’ [sic] and oil sands every 2 days to fill Toronto’s Skydome  2 tonnes must be dug up, moved and processed to produce 1 barrel of oil
  11. 11. Extraction, processing and end- products  hot water extraction technique is used to separate bitumen from oil sands  75% of the bitumen can be recovered from sand
  12. 12. 70% used for transport fuels—gasoline, diesel, jet fuel
  13. 13. Pipelines through Jasper
  14. 14. Massive tailings ponds
  15. 15. 2nd largest dam in the world
  16. 16. Sometimes directly beside the Athabasca River
  17. 17. Forest reclamation
  18. 18. Alternative extraction methods  81% of oil sands reserves too deep to be open pit mined (deeper than 75 metres)  other processes are being developed  leading process, at the moment, are in situ steam operations  E.g. Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD).
  19. 19. Economic impacts  Alberta GDP was $183 billion (2006)  GDP growth rate of 6.6%  Alberta unemployment rate 3.4 % (March 2008)  CPI Inflation Rate 3.5 % (Jan 2008)  Alberta’s GDP per capita was $58,394  45% above Canadian average of $40,351  40% above second place Ontario  $100B investment expected between 2000-2020
  20. 20. Where are we going?

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