Presentation Dignity for All: March 2011 Summit March 3, 2011 Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director
<ul><li>National Aboriginal Housing Association </li></ul><ul><li>Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone </li></ul>...
OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Background: Indigenous Peoples in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Reserve Housing Programs <...
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN CANADA <ul><li>Three Indigenous Peoples in CA Constitution-1982 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Indians”, Métis ...
NON-RESERVE HOUSING PROGRAMS <ul><li>110 Urban Native Housing Corporations set up in 60s, 70s & 80s; </li></ul><ul><li>Pur...
WHO IS NAHA/ANHA? <ul><li>NAHA Incorporated 1994 to advocate against cap on subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>1996 – Canada down...
KEY PRINCIPLES <ul><li>In advocating for improved housing and sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>to help reduce or eli...
Recent Federal Support <ul><li>2006: $300 M. Off-Reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Per Capita Al...
Current Research <ul><li>A Time for Action:  A National Plan to Address </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Housing   </li></ul><...
OUR NUMBERS <ul><li>Of the Aboriginal population:  </li></ul><ul><li>75% live in non-reserve areas (over 50% live in large...
OUR NUMBERS <ul><li>Aboriginal Homelessness:   </li></ul><ul><li>Few good figures, but much higher among Aboriginal people...
Recommendations <ul><li>That Canada:  </li></ul><ul><li>a) accept the fiduciary responsibility for Aboriginal People, whet...
RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Help Aboriginal peoples with the following, each year for ten years, to achieve parity: </li></ul>...
Our Philosophy <ul><li>“ Housing issues are not isolated from poverty, education, health and employment issues, so a compr...
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Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit

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Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit

  1. 1. Presentation Dignity for All: March 2011 Summit March 3, 2011 Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director
  2. 2. <ul><li>National Aboriginal Housing Association </li></ul><ul><li>Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone </li></ul><ul><li>Suite 102, 396 MacLaren Street </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa ON Canada K2P 0M8 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel. 613-236-0288 Fax. 613-232-1977 </li></ul><ul><li>www.aboriginalhousing.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  3. 3. OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Background: Indigenous Peoples in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Reserve Housing Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Who is NAHA? </li></ul><ul><li>Key Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Current: Federal Support Current Research </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations: </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  4. 4. INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN CANADA <ul><li>Three Indigenous Peoples in CA Constitution-1982 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Indians”, Métis and Inuit </li></ul><ul><li>“ Indians” Now called First Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Collectively referred to as “Aboriginal” </li></ul><ul><li>First Nations: 55 languages & major dialects; c. 630 “bands”; population about 750,000; 55% off Res </li></ul><ul><li>Métis: Michif; population about 500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Inuit: Inuktitut; population about 45,000 </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  5. 5. NON-RESERVE HOUSING PROGRAMS <ul><li>110 Urban Native Housing Corporations set up in 60s, 70s & 80s; </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase homes; manage and rent to Indigenous peoples at 25% RGI </li></ul><ul><li>CMHC provided subsidies to help mortgage repayment </li></ul><ul><li>Operating agreements vary: 25-30 years </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 units acquired before cap on new projects (1994) </li></ul><ul><li>9,000 more under Rural & Native Housing ownership program, in small centres >2,500 </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  6. 6. WHO IS NAHA/ANHA? <ul><li>NAHA Incorporated 1994 to advocate against cap on subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>1996 – Canada downloaded UNH program to provinces; NAHA advocated against download </li></ul><ul><li>We now also: </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct Research </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for: Increased Resources </li></ul><ul><li> National Housing Policy </li></ul><ul><li> Right to Housing </li></ul><ul><li> Better Housing - Better Health </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Unity and Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Make Submissions to UN, Senate, etc., on Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate Communication and Information Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Convene National Conferences (For 2011: Regina SK) </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  7. 7. KEY PRINCIPLES <ul><li>In advocating for improved housing and sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>to help reduce or eliminate backlog of required Aboriginal </li></ul><ul><li>housing units, NAHA pursues action based on the following </li></ul><ul><li>Key Principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Control over Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Service to all Indigenous persons, regardless of “status” </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally-sensitive Service Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability at all levels of Operation </li></ul><ul><li>United Effort to Address Aboriginal Housing Issues </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  8. 8. Recent Federal Support <ul><li>2006: $300 M. Off-Reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Per Capita Allocation to Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>( One-time Injection of Funds) </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Funds, but Very Helpful </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of Approaches: Ownership, Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Involvement; Some Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Problems? Program Admin. in Provincial Hands </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient; Short term; Off-Reserve left out after </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  9. 9. Current Research <ul><li>A Time for Action: A National Plan to Address </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Using 2006 Census Figures: </li></ul><ul><li>Compared non-reserve Aboriginal & non-Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Need </li></ul><ul><li>Found for non-reserve Aboriginal renters: </li></ul><ul><li>Lower quality dwellings; </li></ul><ul><li>More affordability problems </li></ul><ul><li>More have greater rent burden </li></ul><ul><li>Lower household income </li></ul><ul><li>More families in renter population </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  10. 10. OUR NUMBERS <ul><li>Of the Aboriginal population: </li></ul><ul><li>75% live in non-reserve areas (over 50% live in larger urban centres). </li></ul><ul><li>Of these: </li></ul><ul><li>20.4% are in core housing need (12.4% in Mainstream) </li></ul><ul><li>27.5% of those in core need are substandard (versus 15%) </li></ul><ul><li>23% live in crowded dwellings (14%), and </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal income 20% below national level, </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal home ownership 20% less than national rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: 54% of “Status Indians” live off-reserve </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  11. 11. OUR NUMBERS <ul><li>Aboriginal Homelessness: </li></ul><ul><li>Few good figures, but much higher among Aboriginal peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Range from: </li></ul><ul><li>15% (Calgary, out of 4,060 persons), </li></ul><ul><li>25-26% (Victoria, Toronto), </li></ul><ul><li>32% (Vancouver) to </li></ul><ul><li>40-45% (Edmonton, Lethbridge) </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  12. 12. Recommendations <ul><li>That Canada: </li></ul><ul><li>a) accept the fiduciary responsibility for Aboriginal People, whether they live on or off reserve and regardless of ancestry (First Nations, Métis or Inuit). </li></ul><ul><li>b) extend and make permanent the off-reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust. </li></ul><ul><li>Initially, fund the Trust at $100 M with a graduating scale to reach $386M by the end of year five. </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint a board of Aboriginal Trustees with expertise and experience in assisted and affordable housing to direct the allocation of funds across regions. </li></ul><ul><li>c) pass legislation to establish a national housing policy, with a dedicated Aboriginal component </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  13. 13. RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Help Aboriginal peoples with the following, each year for ten years, to achieve parity: </li></ul><ul><li>Create 1,000 new households; </li></ul><ul><li>Create 3,000 dwellings to reduce Aboriginal core housing need to the 12.5% Canadian average; </li></ul><ul><li>Renovate & upgrade 1,000 dwellings; </li></ul><ul><li>Create 1,000 Supportive Housing units to reduce Aboriginal homelessness; </li></ul><ul><li>Assist Aboriginal home-owners to buy 4,000 units </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  14. 14. Our Philosophy <ul><li>“ Housing issues are not isolated from poverty, education, health and employment issues, so a comprehensive housing strategy is not just about housing; it must be about how housing can contribute to other (non-shelter) outcomes, for example, by providing stability to a household: enabling adults to improve education and potential labour market skills, while children also receive a good education to facilitate their future opportunities, enjoy good health (implying good quality housing) and safe environments where parents and children are not victimized by crime and insecurity.” </li></ul><ul><li>( A Time for Action: A National Plan to Address Aboriginal Housing ; NAHA, 2009) </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario

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