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Presentation used in Fosdem 2008 to explain what is Dacco and qdacco.

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  1. 1. Dacco and qdaccoAn Open Source Catalan-English Dictionaryand its GUIFosdem 2008 in Brussels, BelgiumEnglish-CatalanCatalan-EnglishCarles Pina i
  2. 2. 2/21What is the history of Catalan andwhat is its future?● Its a Romance language that derives fromLatin, just like Spanish, Italian, French,Portuguese and Romanian● The Catalan linguistic and cultural communityhas its own .cat Top Level Domain● Its an official language of Catalonia, Andorra,Valencia and the Balearic Islands. It is alsospoken in Alghero (Sardinia) and parts ofsouthern France
  3. 3. 3/21Map of EuropeAuthor: Wikipedia
  4. 4. 4/21Where is it spoken?Author: Josep Gallart
  5. 5. 5/21Speakers as % of EU populationCatalan Portuguese Dutch Spanish0246810121416%Data source:,1 Million
  6. 6. 6/21What is Dacco?● English-Catalan dictionary tailored for speakersof both languages● All entries are written in XML– Also exported to PDF for improved usability– Form-based web search at– Plugins available for Firefox and IE– Gadget for iGoogle homepage– Catalan verb conjugator– qdacco (standalone application)
  7. 7. 7/21Daccos history● An English student of Catalan found that therewas a lack of Catalan dictionaries availablewhich were comprehensive and aimed atEnglish speakers● This was confirmed by other students ofCatalan through a survey she distributed duringher PhD studies● The collection of dictionary entries was begunin 2001. The first version of Dacco wasreleased in 2003
  8. 8. 8/21● People from all walks of life: linguists but alsomathematicians, geographers, IT professionals.Who contributes?Lou HevlyJosep M.LópezJamesMacgillLinda OxnardOriol VilasecaOthers:•Joanathan Kaye•Gill Martin•David Gimeno•Jaume Ortolà•Max Wheeler•Margarita CastañónLeopold Palomo
  9. 9. 9/21The average contributor● Aged between 20 and 80● English speaker living in UK, US, Canada orAustralia● Catalan speaker from Barcelona, Girona,Tarragona, Valencia or the Balearic Islands● Common purpose: wanting to create a resourcewhich is not only useful to language learnersbut is also free and open
  10. 10. 10/21Where do we get our entries from?● We do not copy entries from any dictionary● Agreement with TermCat to incorporate theiropen source vocabulary lists into our dictionary● Entries are often added by those who use thedictionary in their daily tasks when they searchfor a word and fail to find it● Recently: we are matching some Catalan-Latin-English birds list to incorporate
  11. 11. 11/21How does the project work?● First step: find a new word– Mailing list: regular contributors send suggestions– Web form: any user can send suggestions– Missing word lists: created automatically fromonline search engine and manually fromsuggestions sent through qdacco● Second Step: discuss the new wordstranslation equivalent– Different meanings according to geographic area,age, socioeconomic status, etc.● Third Step: project admin adds word to the XML
  12. 12. 12/21Daccos Special Features (1/3)● Its free: anyone can modify, copy or redistribute– Data (XML files): LGPL– PDF files: CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.5– qdacco: GPL 3● More than 15,000 entries in each side of thedictionary (over 200 DIN-A4 pages)
  13. 13. 13/21Daccos Special Features (2/3)● 4 dictionaries:– Catalan-English dictionary– English-Catalan dictionary– Catalan-English dictionary– English-Catalan dictionary● Examples and usage notes tailored accordingto users native languagefor Catalan speakersfor English speakers
  14. 14. 14/21Daccos Special Features (3/3)● Links to images● Usage notes● Examples● Word frequency counts (from Google)● Semantic fields: apple ⇒ fruit ⇒ food
  15. 15. 15/21Why is it so important that thedictionary be open source?● Culture should be free● Anybody can incorporate it into their ownapplication or web site● Anybody can suggest entries, though everysuggestion is examined and discussed by teamof contributors so that quality of dictionary isnever compromised. Descriptive, not normativedictionary.● We encourage others to create their own opensource dictionaries and are happy to share thebenefit of our experience
  16. 16. 16/21What is qdacco?● Multi-platform (Unix, Linux, Windows*)standalone application● Available in standard Debian repositories● qdacco has been developed since 2005– Approximately two major releases a year
  17. 17. 17/21Screenshots
  18. 18. 18/21Why did we create qdacco?● We wanted a reference application for Dacco● Access to all Dacco resources (photos, links,examples, notes, etc.)● Reports missing words to the Dacco Project.● Integration with Festival (Speech synthesizer)● Auto-completion and many other features● Offline searching - faster than looking through aPDF file on your own.
  19. 19. 19/21qdacco architecturelibqdaccoqdacco textdaccoXMLInternetFestivalSend suggestions
  20. 20. 20/21Similar projects● GPL German-Catalan dictionary:– GPL Deutsch-Katalanisches Wörterbuch–● Wiktionary:– Catalan:– English:
  21. 21. 21/21Thanks for yourattentionQuestions??Mail: carles@pina.cat
  22. 22. 22/21Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under the CreativeCommons Attribution 2.5 Spain License. Toview a copy of this license, visit send a letter to Creative Commons, 171Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco,California, 94105, USA.