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Pikas Developments In Sci Tech Search Web Search U 08


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My presentation from Web Search University. Delivered 9/22/2008 in Washington, DC

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Pikas Developments In Sci Tech Search Web Search U 08

  1. Developments in Sci-Tech Search Christina K. Pikas [email_address] R.E. Gibson Library & Information Center The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
  2. <ul><li>Themes in Science & Technology </li></ul><ul><li>-- And their impact on search </li></ul><ul><li>Repositories, digitization </li></ul><ul><li>Computer processing of newly available data </li></ul><ul><li>Social Computing Technologies </li></ul>
  3. Repositories - Digitization <ul><li>More full text, more data, in a useful and useable format </li></ul><ul><li>Word and page-level access to old gray literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not necessarily access </li></ul></ul>
  4. Aluka <ul><li>African Plants Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Type specimens from European, American, and African herbaria </li></ul><ul><li>Useable browser </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed a la JSTOR </li></ul>
  6. Biodiversity Heritage Library <ul><li>Digitization of taxonomic literature </li></ul><ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><li>Good metadata, neat interface, entity extraction for taxonomic terms </li></ul>
  8. Google Books & Engineering Data <ul><li>Others discuss using Amazon or Google Books to locate information within books – on the shelf….…but have you considered using these for gray lit for engineering questions? </li></ul>
  9. Examples: how much can I improve fuel efficiency by making my car more aerodynamic? What is the average drag coefficient of a modern passenger car?
  10. Maybe the customer should just consider changing the mirrors?
  11. Computer Processing <ul><li>Wealth of available full text has enabled new work in search and presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic Markup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Society of Chemistry Project Prospect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chemical Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eMolecules, PubChem, ChemSpider, SureChem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deep Indexing – access to tables and images </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrata, BioText </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usable tables/graphs </li></ul>
  12. Project Prospect <ul><li>Identification of compounds, gene ontology and subject terms within articles </li></ul><ul><li>Structure search in articles </li></ul>
  13. Chemical Search <ul><li>Ubiquitous structure search </li></ul><ul><li>Using identifiers other than CAS-RN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IUPAC International Chemical Identifier, InChI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified molecular input line entry specification, SMILES </li></ul></ul>Empirical Formula: C 8 H 11 NO 2 (in Hill order) Systematic Name : 4-(2-aminoethyl)benzene-1,2-diol SMILES:Oc1ccc(cc1O)CCN InChI: InChI =1/C8H11NO2/c9-4-3-6-1-2-7(10)8(11)5-6/h1-2,5,10-11H,3-4,9H2 InChIKey: VYFYYTLLBUKUHU - UHFFFAOYAA (I’d probably just call it dopamine – from
  18. Deep Indexing <ul><li>Not a new concept (maybe 1950s or 1960s) </li></ul><ul><li>Newly interesting due to advances in algorithms and availability of electronic full text </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic citation linking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table and image search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Code searching in Safari </li></ul></ul>
  20. Useful/Useable Tables and Graphs <ul><li>Knovel, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, and other ebook vendors actually let you get usable data from handbooks </li></ul>
  23. Social Computing Technologies <ul><li>Scientists are using blogs, wikis, RSS, video sharing… for science </li></ul><ul><li>They are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For personal use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For lab work or collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For storage and retrieval of results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For working with non-scientists </li></ul></ul>
  24. <ul><li>For people who blog about peer-reviewed research in a thoughtful way </li></ul><ul><li>Site is being revamped </li></ul>
  25. Basic Concepts Posts <ul><li>Many scientist bloggers post “basic concepts” posts in which they provide a primer in an area of their expertise. </li></ul><ul><li>See a list at: </li></ul>
  26. Videos <ul><li>Journal of Visualized Experiments, JoVE </li></ul><ul><li>SciVee </li></ul>
  27. In the End <ul><li>Lots more content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Older but newly available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some locked up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some new and user generated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neat visualizations, information retrieval experiments, and ways to interact </li></ul><ul><li>Be creative in finding, too! </li></ul>
  28. Presented by: Christina K. Pikas R.E. Gibson Library & Information Center The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory [email_address]
  29. Photo Credits Blondyimp, Flickr WINGFIN ANCHOVY, Pterengraulis atherinoides, Encyclopedia of Life Sideritis hirsuta, Meerburgh, N. (1775). Afbeeldingen van zeldzaame gewassen. Te Leyden: Johannes le Mair. From Biodiversity Heritage Library, Richard, A., Lefevre, C.T., Petit,A., & Quartin Dillon, L.R. (c1847-1851). Tentamen floræ Abyssinicæ: seu, Enumeratio plantarum hucusque in plerisque Abyssiniæ provinciis detectarum et præcipue a beatis doctoribus Richard Quartin Dillon et Antonio Petit (annis 1838-1843) lectarum. Paris: Arthus Bertrand. From Biodiversity Heritage Library, (plate 81) Barleria mackenii Hook.f. [family ACANTHACEAE] .Fitch, W.H.(1870) Curtis's Botanical Magazine. From Aluka,
  30. Granger, R.A. (1995) Fluid Mechanics. New York: Courier Dover Publications. P.773 Hashimoto,T., Omote, M. and Maruoka, K. (2008) 6,6-Substituent effect of BINOL in bis-titanium chiral Lewis acid catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrones. Org. Biomol. Chem., 6, 2263 – 2265. DOI: 10.1039/b804987d Deep sea octopus.(NOAA). Downloaded from (8/11/2008) Lab Cat. (2007) Basic Concepts: What are solutions? Multiwavelength M8. NASA Spitzer Space Telescope Collection. NASA/JPL-Caltech/S. Willner (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics).