Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Anders Troi - Open Smart City 2012

881 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Anders Troi - Open Smart City 2012

  1. 1. Welcome toOpen Smart City 2012Anders TroiHead of Intelligent Energy Systems
  2. 2. Anders Troi M.Sc. Ph.D.Head of Intelligent Energy Systems  2010 Risø DTU - Head of Intelligent Energy Systems  1997-2010 Siemens A/S - 1989-1996 ABB A/S  Heading iPower , a national Research and Innovation platform developing methods, tools, systems and products for Smart grid.  Chairman of the Danish Government Smart Grid council with special responsibility for Research, Development and Demonstration projects.  EDISON Project ( Electric Vehicles), Cell Project, Next Gen, EV Infrastructure design etc.  Board Member of Danish EV Association2 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark Intelligent Energy Systems
  3. 3. History• Hans Christian Ørsted founds the College of Advanced Technology, predecessor to the modern DTU, in 1829 with two degree programs: chemistry and mechanical engineering; civil engineering is added in 1857 and electrical engineering in 1903• The name is changed to the Technical University of Denmark in 1933• DTU Professor Henrik Dam receives the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1943 for discovering vitamin K H.C. Ørsted• DTU moves to a new campus in Lundtofte in 1963 that is officially inaugurated in 1974• DTU merges with the Engineering Academy of Denmark in 1995• In 2001, DTU achieves full financial and real property autonomy and a Board of Governors with a majority of external members that appoints the Executive Board• Merged in 2007 with Risø National Laboratory, Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Danish National Space Center and Danish Transport Research Institute Risø DTU, Technical University of Denmark
  4. 4. Total students ~8.500 including Ph.D. 1.200 and Int. M.Sc. 650 Research publications 3.600 Leiden Crown Indicator 2010: no. 1 in Scandinavia no. 7 in Europe4 Facts about DTU 21.03
  5. 5. Facts and figuresFrom the annual report: key figures (dtu.dk)Education Innovation6,560 BSc, MSc and BEng students, including 73 Inventions reported 338 international MSc students 44 Patent applications submitted1.048 PhD fellows (3 years) 625 Exchange students (3–6 months) Employees (head counts) 290 DTU students abroad 1,522 Faculty and research staff 1,562 Technical and administrativResearch personnel in departments3,251 Research publications 611 Administration, campus service1.978 Scientific articles i ISI journals 148 PhD dissertations Finances Income (2009): €540 millionStudy speed and retainment:BSc: 67% finish within 3+1 yearBEng: 54% finish within 3.5+1 year Public-sector consultancyMSc: 92% finish within 2+1 year About 2000 consulting assignments DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  6. 6. Pres DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 17/04/20086entat
  7. 7. 5 CentresAD Automation and Control 9 Research Groups PLAY Organisation Intelligent Energy Systems Electric Energy Systems Electric Components New center
  8. 8. DTU Electrical Engineering: Intelligent Energy systems Basic and applied research in cooperation with Utilities and industry • Current Research areas  SYSLAB Solar/ PV Wind • Grid integration • Modelling • Experiments Flexhouse Diesel  Modelling of energy markets • Optimisation of prices and investments E-Car Wind Storag e  Storage technologies8 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  9. 9. The future energy system Electricity, Gas, Heat …..SYSTEM Fluctuating electricity Bio mass International International Denmark Gas system Electrical systems District Gas heating net storageRessources Services Electrical Add. Electrical Heat pumps Heating Industry, Fuel Vehicles consumption process etc. (Hybrid cars etc.) DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  10. 10. The Energy Storage LandscapeCapacity rating (kWh-MWh-GWh-TWh) Central gas storage, Electrolysis, Interconnectors, Central heat pumped hydro/ storage, CAES, Energy Island Biomass, Interconnectors Electric vehicles, Heat pumps, Batterys 2nd life, Smart Grid Supercaps, Flywheels, Batteries Securing Shifting Storing for Leveling the power quality night and day the weather seasons Within an hour Within a day Weeks to months Year Risø DTU, Technical University of Denmark 10
  11. 11. The future Energy System Fundamentals• Market place Understanding of market and customer behaviour.• Power flow control Understand the power flow and the congestion issues.• Communication system Data requirements and privacy issues.• Consumer behaviour Understand consumer reaction and participation11 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark Intelligent Energy Systems
  12. 12. Energy Market and consumer reactions• Professional customers to react to hourly prices would improve market efficiency, reduce price volatility, and increase welfare.• Private customers need additional incentives.• Danish tax policy must be considered, if a dynamic consumer market is desired.• Price structures are dependant on the penetration of the technologies in the customer base. Risø DTU, Technical University of Denmark
  13. 13. Structure of power markets Operation hour Hours before Day before Weeks to yearsRegulating Intra-day Day-ahead Financialpower market market: power market: markets:(real-time market): - Rescheduling -Hourly contracts for - Hedging, production and physical power speculation-Activation minute power exchange deliveryreserves - Forward, futures, - Flow on optionsAutomatic transmission linesregulation Auctioning of(spinning reserves) Estimate need for transmission reserve power capacity Procurement Fuel contracts reserve power Procurement of ancillary services DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  14. 14. Power system modelling – different timescales Optimisation period Investment Yearly model Balmorel Optimal portfolios Day-ahead Unit commitment and dispatch model Wilmar Up and down Hourly UC and regulation dispatch 1-2 hours Intra-hour model DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  15. 15. SYSLAB – Distributed Energy System Laboratory –a part of New ressources 2011-12 11kW10+10+7kW Back to back Con- verter13*1kW 48kW/60kVA Aircon turbine 10kW10kW/7,2kWh 15kW/120kWh Peugeot iOn 3kW/16kWhh DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  16. 16. Selected Research projects in Denmark from Cell Controller to EcoGrid and iPower Power Exchange Electric Vehicle Power Dealer Balance Responsible Socio- economi c and investor WP5 Cell Controller WP3 WP1 + WP2 Households Industry Wind turbines End users WP6 Households Local CHP unitsCell Controller Pilot Project WP4 16 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark Intelligent Energy Systems 20.03
  17. 17. EDISON project Electrical Vehicles in a smart GridElectrical Vehicles technology and infrastructure8 Partners, (Universities, Small and Large Companies)Duration 3 years , 60 Mio DKK ~ 8 Mio. € ~ 11 Mio $Risoe DTU / IES Experimental site and Charging concepts First European EV Project • EV Communication • Battery characteristics • Charging Concepts • Grid Impact • VPP/Market place • Demonstration17 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark Intelligent Energy Systems 20.03
  18. 18. Electric Vehicles : The EDISON Project18 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark Intelligent Energy Systems
  19. 19. Smart Grids aspect: Capacity for EV charging Case study in 0.4 kV cable with 48 private houses in NRGi-Net, Horsens Max. Capacity in cable EV are typical not home in day hours3 EV’s charging at the same time with 16 A 3-Phase in the Peak Hour at dinner time 18:00 !! 65 EV’s might charge their daily consumption if distributed between 16:00 and 7:00 High value of Smart Grids for balancing the grid ! 19 Risø DTU, Technical University of Denmark KBE-2010 EDISON Risø
  20. 20. Nordic Electric Vehicle Interoperability Centre Independent test centre for EV infrastructure Semi commercial service for EV business I Business Partners and Project Participants Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster The Danish EV Alliance DONG Energy Better Place ChoosEV CleanCharge20 Risø DTU, Technical University of Denmark Intelligent Energy Systems
  21. 21. Control policy classification for buildings • External behavior: • Reaction to signals: • Direct control • Indirect control • Local signals • Participation in markets • Internal operation • Decision making mechanism • Behavior pattern • Reaction to loss of a signal • Architecture DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  22. 22. iPower Intelligent power and Demand responseDeveloped and Headed by DTU Elektro32 Partners, (Universities, Small and Large Companies)Duration 5 years, 120 Mio DKK ~ 16 Mio. € ~ 22 Mio $Cross Disciplinary Research and Innovation platform Socio- economic and investor Largest Danish Smart Grid ProjectWP5 • Research & Development WP3 WP1 + WP2 • Products/Solutions • Identification • Communication End users WP6 • Demand Control • Integration WP4 Source: Based on drawing from Danish Energy Association23 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark Intelligent Energy Systems 20.03
  23. 23. ObjectiveThe iPower platform focuses onpower system integration oflarge amounts of electricity fromfluctuating renewable energysources such as wind power andphotovoltaic’s by activation offlexible consumer demand. The iPower platform links research and demonstration to actual product development by specifying methods, technologies and requirements for smart grid products, and enables the industry partners to become first movers in a new and growing world market. DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  24. 24. iPower coverage area Socio-economic and investorWP5 WP3 WP1 + WP2 End users WP6 WP4 DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Based on drawing from Danish Energy Association Source: Denmark
  25. 25. Focus areasSmart Grid requirements in identification, communication demand control integrationwith small industry and households.The intelligent interaction with many decentralizedprosumers, requires tools and systems to handle the near-to-real-time market place congestions demand prioritiesAnd requires understanding of Consumer Behaviour DTU Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
  26. 26. Partners and associates32 Partners, 5 yrs , 120 Mio DKK ~ 16 Mio. € ~ 22 Mio $Cross Disciplinary Research and Innovation platform Risø DTU, Technical University of Denmark
  27. 27. Energy for the future Risø DTU, Technical University of Denmark

×